02 May 2012
By Bill Britt
Alabama Political Reporter
On Tuesday at 3:45 p.m. a legislative act that would decrease the minimum age of children required to attend public school was sent to Governor Robert Bentley for his signature.
The bi-partisan bill sponsored by Representative John Merrill (R-Tuscaloosa) and Senator Priscilla Dunn (D-Bessemer) would lower the age requirement for school attendance from seven years old to six.
“We are very excited that now the children of our state will have every possible learning opportunity that they should,” said Merrill.
Merrill became very passionate about passing this legislation after learning about children who waited to entered school at seven and how many were woeful unprepared and hampered in their ability to learn.
Research has consistently shown that the earlier a child begins school the better equipped they are to perform academically and adjust socially.
An amendment was added to the bill that would allow parents to opt of of the requirement if they so decided.
The bill had been opposed by some home school groups who did not want to have to pay fees associated with school enrollment until the last possible date.
Most home school parents start their children’s education almost from birth, so it was simply an economic issue.
“Obviously we wish there had not been an amendment on the bill but we are going to do what we have to do in order to move forward from this point," said Merrill. “We have already lost a year because we didn't get it done last year but I don't think it [the amendment] will be an impediment to accomplishing our goal.”
Alabama teachers report that children who do not enter school until they are seven tend to experience more challenges academically and struggle with peer involvement.
"Hopefully it is going to change the enrollment pattern for those families who are abusing and neglecting their children," said Merrill. "It will enable them to have one more year of educational opportunities before they reach the age of seven."
Statistics prove that if a child is not reading on grade level by the third grade, that child has more than a 90 percent failure rate on ever being able to read on grade level.
“For children who are neglected from formal learning, there is an increased likelihood of academic deficiency, frustration, dropping out and a life in which earnings fall short of a living wage or reliance on the government is inevitable," said Bill Canary, President and CEO of the Business Council of Alabama.
According to statistics gathered from Alabama schools only about 50 students per year are not starting school at the later date. However, there are correlating factors that suggest many of these children never break the cycle of falling behind.
Merrill tell the story of an Alabama family that had 11 children and all were under educated and on public assistance, including the mother and father.
“If we can just get one to change the behavior so they are not following the same pattern that their family have, if we can save just one and help them become a productive member of society, it will be worth it,” said Merrill.
The bill now awaits the governor's signing.
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