By Bill Britt
Alabama Political Reporter
MONTGOMERY—The Alabama State Constitution defines how and when the Speaker of the House is elected. Mason’s Manual of Legislative Procedure offers how the Speaker must be removed.
Section 51 of the 1901 Constitution provides for the election of the President Pro Tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of House of Representatives. Section 51 reads in part, “The senate, at the beginning of each regular session, and at such other times as may be necessary, shall elect one of its members president pro tem. thereof, to preside over its deliberations in the absence of the lieutenant-governor; and the house of representatives, at the beginning of each regular session, and at such other times as may be necessary, shall elect one of its members as speaker; and the president of the senate and the speaker of the house of representatives shall hold their offices respectively, until their successors are elected and qualified.”