By Brandon Moseley
Alabama Political Reporter
Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar announced that the Poarch Band of Creek Indians had been awarded $200,000 for river cane reintroduction and longleaf pine restoration.
On Friday, Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar announced awards of more than $4.2 Million in Conservation Grants to Native American Tribes. Sec. Salazar said that grants were going to 23 Native American Tribes in 17 states funding a wide range of conservation projects ranging from salmon restoration to invasive species control.
Sec. Salazar said, “Native American tribes have a deep and abiding knowledge of the land and its wildlife handed down from generation to generation.” “Through these grants, we are building on our long-standing partnership with tribal nations to manage our wildlife and its habitat more effectively across the country.”
Since 2003 the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has awarded more than $54 million to Native American Tribes through the Tribal Wildlife Grants Program. The grants to Federally-recognized tribes “provide technical and financial assistance for the development and implementation of projects that benefit fish and wildlife resources and their habitat, including non-game species.”
Fish and Wildlife Service Agent Dan Ashe said, “Native American Tribes manage more than 100 million acres of vital fish and wildlife habitat across the nation and have a long heritage as stewards of the land and its wildlife.”
The grand money to the Poarch Creek Band of Indians is to restore longleaf pine to Indian lands and reintroduce river cane.
Prior to commercial logging much of Alabama was covered with longleaf pine. The pine that older southern homes were made from was the longer lived (150+ years) longleaf pine. Early settlers of the state grazed cattle and hogs on the grass that grew between the massive trees. As that was logged out, it was replaced by loblolly pine which grows much faster in its first ten years, volunteers easily, and is easier to establish. Longleaf pine is much more tolerant of pine beetles and fire than is loblolly pine and is preferred for growing utility poles.
River cane is a type of bamboo that is native to the United States and is useful as wildlife habitat as well as erosion control protecting both water quality and topsoil by stabilizing creek and river banks. It also provides material for Native American artisans. Historically Indians made baskets, mats, tools, and up to 2000 different items from the native river cane that used to be more abundant before Chinese bamboo and privet were introduced into southern river systems. Some traditional artisans still make the double woven baskets for collectors.
The ancestors of the Poarch Creeks lived on the Alabama River between Wetumpka and Tensaw. Most Indians in Alabama were removed by force in the years following the Creek Indian Uprising of 1813-1814 in support of the British in the War of 1812. Several families of Creeks, including the Manacs, Hollingers, Sizemores, Stiggins, Baileys, Colberts, Weatherfords, McGhees, Semoices, and Marlows who had provided services to the government were allowed to keep their lands or were allowed to obtain land grants by an 1836 Act of Congress. Since most of the best grant land was gone, those who obtained the new 1836 land grants moved to near present day Poarch where grant land was available. The families tended to intermarry gradually becoming a distinct band of Creeks. The Indians had their own Indian Schools, Churches, and cemetery through segregation. In 1920 the federal government intervened on behalf of the Indians stopping Escambia County from illegally taxing their land trust. In 1949 Escambia County built a consolidated Indian School allowing the Indians to go to school through the sixth grade. Later the Indians were allowed to go by bus to Junior High School and High School. In 1970 segregated schooling ended.
In 1950 Calvin McGhee became the first formally recognized head of the Creek Nation of Indians East of the Mississippi. In the 1970s the Poarch band of Creek Indians formed their own Poarch only Council. On August 11, 1984 the Poarch Band of Creeks petitioned the federal government for formal recognition. They are the only federally recognized Indian tribe in Alabama. 230 acres were declared a reservation.
There are 2,340 members of the Poarch Band of Creek Indian and over 1,000 of them live near Poarch, Alabama in Escambia County. They operate, ”As a sovereign nation with its own system of government and bylaws. The Tribe operates a variety of economic enterprises, which employ hundreds of area residents. Poarch Creek Indian Gaming manages three gaming facilities in Alabama, including: the Creek Entertainment Center in Atmore; Riverside Entertainment Center in Wetumpka; and, Tallapoosa Entertainment Center in Montgomery. “
For more information on the Fish and Wildlife Service Tribal Wildlife Grant Program:
For more information on Alabama’s only federal recognized Indian Tribe:
Jefferson County health officer, UAB head say COVID-19 numbers are improving but flu season is near
Jefferson County Health Officer Dr. Mark Wilson said Friday that the county’s COVID-19 numbers are improving, but with schools reopening and flu season approaching, it’s critical for the public to continue wearing face masks and practicing social distancing.
Wilson and Will Ferniany, the CEO of the UAB Health System, held a press briefing on Friday to discuss the state of coronavirus and what’s being done to mitigate the disease that has killed 1,825 people in Alabama and infected 102,196.
In the last few weeks, the number of new daily COVID-19 cases and the percent of tests that are positive in Jefferson County has begun to decline, Wilson told reporters, but he put that decline into perspective.
“Keep in mind though that this is a slight improvement from being at a pretty bad place with really high numbers, so we still have a long way to go,” Wilson said.
There have been 13,682 confirmed coronavirus cases and 262 deaths in Jefferson County as of Friday, and 939 cases were added within the last week. The county’s seven-day average of new daily cases fell from its peak of 295 on July 18 to 156 on Thursday.
Wilson said there is good evidence that the county’s face covering order is making a difference in the spread of the disease, and that he thanks the public for making that difference, and asked that they keep doing so.
“We have four levels of surge,” Ferniany said, referring to UAB Hospital’s process of temporarily adding hospital bed capacity for COVID-19 patients by removing beds from other areas. “We’re on level two capacity.”
Ferniany said the hospital is running at 90 percent capacity, which he said is a “very full hospital” and that between March and around July 20, the hospital was caring for between 60 and 70 coronavirus patients daily, and reached a peak of 130 patients a little more than a week ago.
“Today we’re at 97 patients in-house, and roughly 40 percent are in the ICU,” Ferniany said.
Ferniany said the hospital’s ability to care for COVID-19 patients is now limited by the numbers of nurses and other staff, and that UAB is “down several hundred nurses” and burnout from long periods of caring for coronavirus patients is common.
Both Ferniany and Wilson said they’re very concerned about the upcoming flu season and the impact it could have on hospital capacity, as physicians continue to care for COVID-19 patients.
“The 2018-2019 flu season was the worst flu season we have seen in 40 years, and we actually asked the governor back then to declare a state of emergency because our hospitals were full then with influenza,” Wilson said.
Wilson urged the public to get their annual flu shots once available on Sept. 1 to help prevent additional strain on hospitals statewide. Public health officials worry that the combination of flu and COVID-19 could be difficult to handle — both on a system-wide level and the level of an individual person.
“We have no reason to think that somebody can’t get the flu and COVID-19 at the same time, which could be a deadly combination,” Wilson said.
Wilson said while he isn’t certain what Gov. Kay Ivey may decide about the statewide mask order, but “in Jefferson County, it’s very likely I’m going to be pushing to continue face coverings through the flu season,” Wilson said.
Wilson in July advised school superintendents in Jefferson County that middle and high school students should attend school virtually only for the first nine weeks, a stronger recommendation than most superintendents elsewhere have received.
Wilson told reporters Friday that his recommendation for virtual-only classes to start was done to keep kids, teachers, staff and families safe.
“We’re probably going to have some cases. It’s inevitable, but what we want to do is everything we can as kids go back to school to reduce the spread within school so that schools can stay open.”
There are also preliminary plans for a new testing site for children as schools reopen, Wilson said, but those plans continue to be developed.
Ferniany said UAB Hospital on Thursday got initial approval from the hospital’s board to expand COVID-19 testing capacity.
“Our goal is to try to expand it significantly by the end of December. We probably can’t get it up faster than that, but this pandemic is not going away by the end of December so I think we will have a significant increase in our ability to have rapid tests in place by the end of this year,” Ferniany said.
Seventeenth Alabama inmate dies after testing positive for COVID-19
William Edward King, 65, is the 17th Alabama inmate to die after testing positive for COVID-19.
King tested positive for COVID-19 on June 1 at a local hospital, where he was being treated for an end-stage preexisting medical condition, the Alabama Department of Corrections announced on Thursday.
King’s condition improved, and he was released, but his health worsened, and he was returned to the hospital on July 26. He was discharged from the hospital on Aug. 11 and was taken to a hospice care area inside the Kilby Correctional Facility, where he died later that day.
Six more inmates and another staff member have also tested positive for COVID-19, ADOC said Thursday.
There have been 296 confirmed coronavirus cases among inmates and 340 self-reported cases among prison staff. Two prison workers at the Julia Tutwiler Prison for Women have died after testing positive for COVID-19.
Ivey urges Alabamians to complete census or risk losing federal funding, seat in Congress
Gov. Kay Ivey urged all Alabama residents to complete the 2020 census before the Sept. 30 deadline in a 30-second video released on Friday.
In the video, Ivey said, “Complete your 2020 Census today. We only have until Sept. 30th. Without you, Alabama stands to lose billions in funding, a seat in Congress and economic development opportunities.
“It only takes minutes to complete. Go to my2020census.gov or participate by phone or mail. Be counted – if not for you, for those in Alabama who depend on you for a brighter tomorrow.”
Jones says Mitch McConnell failed country by adjourning without COVID-19 aid
Sen. Doug Jones, D-Alabama, on Friday expressed his concern over the Senate majority leader adjourning the Senate without passing another round of COVID-19 relief aid.
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Kentucky, adjourned the Senate until Sept. 8 without passage of relief aid that Jones said is critical for struggling citizens and businesses.
“Mitch McConnell’s decision to adjourn the Senate without any further efforts to fulfill the Senate’s obligation to the American public during a healthcare and economic crisis demonstrates an unconscionable failure of leadership. Congress acted swiftly in March as the pandemic took hold and every American who put their lives on hold and stayed home for weeks to prevent the spread of COVID-19 did so out of a patriotic duty and a belief that it would give our government leaders time to implement a plan to get this virus under control.
“Now, it’s been five months and not only do we still have no national strategy, our nation is facing some of the highest rates of coronavirus spread in the world, over 167,000 Americans dead, unprecedented housing and eviction crises on the horizon, and we are slowly coming out of the worst economy since the Great Depression and the highest level of unemployment ever recorded.
“The House of Representatives passed a relief bill on May 15th – three months ago – because it was clear even then that this virus would be with us longer than we had hoped and that more support to American businesses and American citizens would be needed to save lives and save livelihoods. Sadly, however, instead of using this legislation as a framework for a bipartisan relief package, Mitch McConnell buried it in his office and sat on his hands, letting vital programs expire without even participating in efforts to reach agreement.
“His decision to send the Senate home for the next three weeks is an insult to every sacrifice made, every job lost, every small business that has had to close its doors, every person who had to say their final goodbye to a loved one over Facetime, and every graduation or wedding or birth celebrated over Zoom instead of in person. The American people have done their duty, and today Mitch McConnell has thrown in the towel and given up on doing his.”