I would like to weigh in on the charter school debate. Let me state up front that I am a professional, and I graduated from a rural Alabama public school.
If I understand the rhetoric surrounding education in general, what defines a successful education is the ability of the students within that educational system, at any level, to either 1) get a job, or 2) advance to a higher level of education for (it is hoped) a better job. Let me be clear: I do not believe that these should be the only measures of a successful education, but it appears that these measures ultimately may translate into improved health, improved quality of life, and more tax dollars, which can be used to improve the quality of life for the public, so they are commonly used.
I looked for evidence supporting the stance charter schools using a lottery system can better accomplish 1) gainful employment, or 2) advancement to a higher level of education, than standard public education. I was disappointed.
In a journal named “Future Child”, I found an article titled, “US Elementary and secondary schools: equalizing opportunity or replicating the status quo?” In this article, the authors note that low-income families attain less education than children from more advantaged families, for a number of reasons. For low-income students, borrowing costs, and the cost of staying out of the job market in order to obtain further education prove too high. A number of policies and programs have sought to improve the education of the disadvantaged, such as the No Child Left Behind Act, as well as charter schools and vouchers to help the children of poorer families attend private schools. These have been implemented, with modest results in student achievement. Of note, the two variables which do seem to make a difference are smaller classrooms and higher teacher pay.
I read the Final Report, “The Evaluation of Charter School Impacts”, by the US Department of Education. This report summarized the findings of a 2-year study of a large array of charter schools, including those in rural or urban communities, and across many states. Perhaps it is biased, but the statistics appeared sound, and they looked at much more than test scores: whether the children who wound up in charter schools actually enjoyed school better than their peers who did not; whether they tried harder in school; whether they were less likely to have behavior problems. I was disappointed to learn that 1) the ‘impact of charter middle schools on student achievement varied significantly across schools’, meaning that simply having a charter school did not guarantee better test scores, 2) on average, charter schools that hold lotteries are ‘neither more nor less successful than traditional schools in improving student achievement, behavior, or school progress,’ and, 3) charter schools serving low income or low achieving students had ‘significantly positive effects on math test scores’, while those serving more advantaged students negatively impacted math scores.
By the way, the Final Report does mention that most charter schools have smaller classrooms than their public school counterparts. Does this decrease in size offer the teacher an opportunity to hold each individual accountable? If so, we can shrink classroom size without a special charter.
But let me come full circle. Education, whether public, private, home, church, or ‘other’, is what the student makes of it, and how he is held accountable. I went to public school and I wound up highly educated, not only because I am the product of well-educated parents, but also because I grew up in a household where we were expected to ask questions and find out the answers. And this was before Google, when we had to look up the answers in books! The ultimate outcome of the schooling rests with the student’s commitment to the education. Are there students who will deliver the minimum to get by? Absolutely; which is why “No Child Left Behind” has backfired: ask around, ‘social promotion’ and ‘lowering the bar’ are alive and well.
If you can’t take the time to review the 259 page US Department of Education’s Final Report, then at least read Executive Summary on pp. xvii and xviii. If you do so, and you are still convinced that charter schools are the answer to education in Alabama, let me pose a scenario to you. Your doctor recommends a treatment plan for your illness which has worked for some people, but there is no convincing evidence that it will work for you, and it happens to be costly and inconvenient. Would you jump right in? Sign me up doc? I think not.
Personally, I believe every parent harbors a secret belief that his child is special, and that, if only he is ‘discovered’, he will find his educational niche and flourish, and prosper, and change the world. If we review the personal and educational history of successful people coming from backgrounds of potential challenge (impoverished, learning and physical disabilities, minorities during times of extreme prejudice, such as George Washington Carver), we find the presence of special opportunities—perhaps a charter school would be just that. But more important, we find special mentors. The mentor is the person who believed in them, who wouldn’t permit them to ‘just get by’, who elicited the best out of that young person. He might have been found in the classroom, or on the ball field, or in the library, or as a volunteer at the Y, and I believe that person is out there for every young person. I suspect that we harbor a secret fantasy that our children will be discovered in that shining school on the hill, to which we are offered access by a special lottery. But I don’t believe that you can legislate a way for every Helen Keller to encounter her Annie Sullivan.
If you are a concerned adult, make time to mentor. Invite young people into your place of business or work; share your passionate hobby. Invite them to watch you in real-time decisions about how to handle yourself in tough situations. Make time to find the young person out there who needs accountability, who needs your special area of excellence as a person or professional, who needs someone (not their parents or teachers) to demonstrate the facts of life to them regarding education.
Barring that, shrink the classroom, and pay the teachers. Maybe public school has changed since I graduated, but accountability has not. Mentoring has not.
I welcome evidence that a specific charter type will measurably improve public education in Alabama. I will gladly rewrite this letter-torial, given such evidence. I cannot find it.
Thank you for your consideration.
US Department of Education Final Report
US Elementary and Secondary Schools: Equalizing Opportunity or Replicating the Status Quo?
Faith in Action Alabama calls on law enforcement to protect voters from harassment
“In these harrowing days it is incumbent upon all of us as citizens and you and your colleagues as law enforcement professionals to do all we can to maintain this right secured by so much courage and sacrifice.”
Nine clergy members from across the state have signed an open letter calling on local and state law enforcement to protect voters against intimidation and harassment at the polls.
The clergy are leaders in Faith in Action Alabama, a regional association of Christian congregations affiliated with the national group Faith in Action, the largest grassroots, faith-based organizing network in the country. It seeks to address a range of issues like gun violence, health care, immigration and voting rights.
This is their letter:
Across our country and here in Alabama, it is being seen that citizens are turning out in record numbers to vote early and by absentee ballots. It is very heartening to see so many of our fellow citizens energized and committed to exercising that most fundamental and critical duty of citizenship, the use of their franchise. As servant leaders of an ecumenical association of nearly 2,000 faith communities across our state we are certainly encouraging our congregants to fulfill this duty either through early, absentee or day of election voting. For us this is not only part of our civic duty, but as people of faith obligation as well.
Unfortunately, it it also largely known that there are forces in our country that are actively, publicly and fervently at work to suppress the votes of some of our fellow citizens. We write to implore you to use the full authority of your office and department to ensure that those who seek to vote, especially on November 3, 2020 are not assailed or intimidated by illegal harassment in their polling places. We believe these threats are pervasive enough and real enough that proactive measures should be in place as citizens come to vote throughout that day. The strong, visible presence of uniformed legitimate law officers will hopefully prevent any attempts at confrontation or intimidation and violence.
The history of our state is marked by the efforts of tens of thousands of Alabamians who marched, protested, brought legal actions, shed their blood and some even gave their lives that every citizen of this state might have full and free access to the ballot box. In these harrowing days it is incumbent upon all of us as citizens and you and your colleagues as law enforcement professionals to do all we can to maintain this right secured by so much courage and sacrifice.
Please be assured of our prayers for you and the men and women of your department who have the awesome responsibility of providing public safety and equal protection under the law for every Alabamian. If we, the members of Faith in Action Alabama’s Clergy Leadership Team, can be of assistance please do not hesitate to call upon us.
Rev. Jeremiah Chester, St. Mark Baptist Church, Huntsville
Rev. David Frazier, Sr., Revelation Missionary Baptist Church, Mobile, and Moderator, Mobile Baptist Sunlight Association
Bishop Teresa Jefferson-Snorton, Fifth Episcopal District of the Christian Methodist Episcopal Church
Bishop Russell Kendrick, Episcopal Diocese of the Central Gulf Coast
Bishop Seth O. Lartey, Alabama-Florida Episcopal District of the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church
President Melvin Owens, Alabama State Missionary Baptist Convention
Bishop Harry L. Seawright, Ninth Episcopal District of the African Methodist Episcopal Church
Dr. A.B. Sutton, Jr., Living Stones Temple, Fultondale
Father Manuel Williams, C.R., Resurrection Catholic Missions of the South, Montgomery
Report: Alabama’s Black Belt lags behind state in economic prospects
Black Belt counties lag behind others in economic prospects and investments in businesses.
It took Marquis Forge five years and 18 banks before he and his partner were able to open their company, Eleven86 Water, in Autauga County, just north of the Black Belt, and a report released Tuesday shows how Black Belt counties lag behind others in economic prospects and investments in businesses.
Forge, a former University of Alabama football player, told reporters during a briefing Monday that he considers Autauga County, which borders the Black Belt’s Lowndes County, part of the Black Belt, and said it shouldn’t have been so difficult to access the capital needed to start a business.
The report released Tuesday by the University of Alabama’s Education Policy Center titled “Black Belt manufacturing and Economic Prospects” is the last in the center’s Black Belt 2020 series, and found that only four of the state’s 24 Black Belt counties, as defined by the center, are above the statewide average of 22.4 businesses per 1,000 residents, and just one, Montgomery County, was above the 2018 statewide average of personal income of $43,229.
Researchers also found that just three Black Belt counties are above the state’s average in gross domestic product being produced by counties of $45,348.
“To achieve Governor Ivey’s ambitious goal of 500,000 a million more Alabama workers with skills by 2025, all hands have to be ‘on deck.’ It will require higher labor force participation rates, particularly in the Black Belt, where the average is 20 points below the statewide average,” said Stephen Katsinas, director of the university’s Education Policy Center and one of the authors of the report.
“Due to smaller economies of scale, our approaches to education, workforce development, and community building will have to be different to reach Alabama’s Black Belt,” Katsinas continued. “In the longer term, we first must define the Black Belt, because you can’t measure what you can’t define. Then we must do what West Alabama Works is doing–go where the people are to bring hope by connecting them to a well-aligned lifelong learning system that makes work pay.”
Donny Jones, COO of Chamber of Commerce West Alabama and Executive Director of West AlabamaWorks, told reporters Monday that one of the keys to helping the Black Belt will be helping state and Congressional legislators understand the nuances of rural Alabama.
Jones said the state should look at how colleges are graded, and that many smaller colleges don’t get credit for putting students through programs that get them short-term certificates that lead to jobs.
“Those are some of the things on the statewide level that we can really start to work on,” Jones said, adding that they’ve already begun teaching modern manufacturing in Black Belt high schools that gives students college credits toward an associates degree while still in high school.
“I think that’s very important for individuals to understand the impact that we can have in our higher ed and our K-12 system, really works hand in glove to move the needle for workforce development,” Jones said.
Jim Purcell, State Higher Education executive officer of the Alabama Commission on Higher Education, told reporters that it’s also important to look at one’s own community and identifying what is “unique and special,” and said he was recently in Autauga County, where he is from, and bought two cases of Eleven86 Water because he remembered how good the water there was.
“I think that’s what you’ve done, is you’ve taken the gift that Autauga’s environment has and enhanced it, so that the people can benefit from it,” Purcell said to Forge. “I think that’s the key.”
Asked what he’d tell state legislators to spur them to make changes so that other entrepreneurs wouldn’t have to struggle as hard as he did to open a business, Forge said he would ask for a clearer path for assistance.
“Instead of digging down through a tunnel with a spoon I would have someone outline the tracks on getting funds and assistance from local, state and the national level, because there are funds out there,” Forge said.
After going to 18 banks to get the financing he needed, he still had to liquify all his assets to make it happen, Forge said.
“How many people are going to do that?” he asked. “We shouldn’t have to do that.”
To read all of the Education Policy Center’s reports on Alabama’s Black Belt, visit here.
Zeta is a hurricane again
Zeta currently has sustained winds of 85 mph. On its current course it will make landfall at Southeast Louisiana or the Mississippi Coast late this afternoon and move through Alabama tonight.
Zeta is continuing its path toward the Gulf Coast, and it is strengthening. Zeta is now a hurricane again and is forecast to be a category two hurricane when it comes ashore this evening.
“As expected, #Zeta is strengthening as it moves across the Gulf of Mexico,” the Baldwin County Emergency Management Agency warned. “The windfield extends nearly 150 miles and we will begin to see impacts such as tropical winds, rain, rip currents and dangerous surf, as well as storm surge in Baldwin County.”
Zeta currently has sustained winds of 85 mph. On its current course, it will make landfall along southeastern Louisiana or the Mississippi coast late this afternoon. It should move through Alabama tonight.
A Hurricane Warning is in effect for Morgan City, Louisiana, to the Mississippi-Alabama state line including Lake Pontchartrain, Lake Maurepas and metropolitan New Orleans.
According to the NOAA, hurricane conditions are expected there this afternoon, with tropical storm conditions beginning later this morning.
Preparations to protect life and property should be rushed to completion. Damaging winds, especially in gusts, will spread well inland across portions of southeastern Mississippi and southern Alabama this evening and tonight.
A Storm Surge Warning is in effect from the mouth of the Atchafalaya River to Navarre Florida including Lake Borgne, Lake Pontchartrain, Pensacola Bay and Mobile Bay.
“If you live in a low-lying area you should evacuate before dark on Wednesday evening to a safer place,” warned Congressman Bradley Byrne, addressing Mobile and Baldwin County residents. “If you live on higher ground in southwest Alabama please make your plans Wednesday to be wherever you plan to spend the night by dark Wednesday evening and do not leave until daylight Thursday as we will experience tropical storm force winds and 2-4 inches of rain which could cause flash flooding, downed trees or downed live power lines. This storm should pass through our area rapidly and be gone early Thursday. Let’s all pray that this is the last storm of this hurricane season.”
ABC 33/40 television meteorologist James Spann said on social media, “We will deal with periods of rain today with temperatures in the 70s; the main wind and rain associated directly with Zeta will come tonight, and there is potential for a high impact wind event for much of the state.”
Storm surge predictions have risen since yesterday. Under current forecasts, Zeta is expected to bring a storm surge of six to nine feet for Dauphin Island. The storm surge will be four to six feet in Mobile Bay, and three to five feet for the Baldwin County shore towns of Fort Morgan, Gulf Shores and Orange Beach to the Florida line.
Wind gusts in Mobile and Baldwin counties could be as much as 70 miles per hour. Isolated tornadoes are a possibility as this powerful storm system moves through the state of Alabama.
Because the storm is moving so fast, it should not produce as much torrential rain as a slower moving storm, reducing the flooding risk; however, that fast speed means that it won’t lose a lot of strength as it moves through the state, thus tropical storm winds could be experienced well inland.
Most of Alabama should get 1 to 3 inches of rain. The combination of heavy winds and heavy rains could weaken the root systems of trees meaning there is a possibility of losing power tonight. Citizens should check their emergency kits and make sure that they have flashlights, batteries, radios and fully charged phones in case they are needed tonight.
The Mobile County Emergency Management Agency is asking that people who live on the coast or in flood-prone areas to evacuate before tonight. Shelters have been set up in Mobile County including a medical needs shelter.
The Alabama Department of Agriculture and Industries has set up a shelter for livestock evacuating the area at the Alabama A&M Agribition Center in Huntsville.
Sandbags are available at the Baldwin County Commission office in Robertsdale. There is a limit of 25 bags per person while supplies last.
Alabama Gov. Kay Ivey has declared a state of emergency.
Baldwin, Mobile and Escambia Counties were declared a natural disaster area after Hurricane Sally slammed into the state last month. Many areas are still in the process of cleaning up from that storm.
Byrne introduces bill to protect underwater forest
This is the only known site where a coastal ice age forest this old has been preserved in place, with thousands of trees still rooted in the dirt they were growing millennia ago before being reclaimed by the Gulf of Mexico.
Congressman Bradley Byrne, R-Alabama, has introduced the Alabama Underwater Forest National Marine Sanctuary and Protection Act, a bill that would designate the site of an ancient cypress forest found 60 feet underwater south of Gulf Shores as a National Marine Sanctuary.
“The underwater forest is another unique Alabama gem with global importance. As the only known site where a coastal ice age forest this old has been preserved in place, we must take action now to protect it,” Byrne said. “The Alabama Underwater Forest National Marine Sanctuary and Protection Act protects Alabamians ability to fish, dive, and recreate at the site while ensuring none of its invaluable artifacts can be removed or damaged. This designation will also open up further tourism opportunities along our Gulf Coast.”
“I would like to thank Ben Raines, whose work with me after his discovery of the site has been instrumental in crafting this bill,” Byrne said.
Some 60,000 years ago, the planet was cooler than it is now. This forest is a relic from an ice age before the last ice age 16,000 to 10,000 years ago. Tons of water were locked up vast glaciers that covered the globe from not just the Arctic but as far south as St. Louis.
Herds of wooly mammoths, giant bison, mastodons, wooly rhinos, horses and American camels were pursued by saber toothed cats, dire wolves, and the massive cave bear.
With so much water locked up in snow and ice, ocean levels were significantly lower than they are now. Gulf Shores, which is a barrier island town today, was not the Alabama coast then. The coast was much further south. The underwater forest is a remnant from that bygone age and appears to be a wholly unique relic of our planet’s past.
This is the only known site where a coastal ice age forest this old has been preserved in place, with thousands of trees still rooted in the dirt they were growing in millennia ago before being reclaimed by the Gulf of Mexico.
For scientists, this a treasure trove of information about the types of plants that inhabited the Gulf Coast during the ice age and before humans. That world was impacted by a sudden sea rise.
The work of the team investigating the site is detailed in Ben Raines’s documentary, The Underwater Forest, co-produced by This is Alabama and the Alabama Coastal Foundation.
Byrne represents Alabama’s 1st Congressional District. He is not running for re-election.