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Trayvon Martin case could have happened in Alabama

Beth Clayton

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By Beth Clayton
Alabama Political Reporter

MONTGOMERY–Days after the jury announced a not-guilty verdict in the shooting death of Trayvon Martin, Americans on both sides of the aisle have taken this opportunity to make political statements.

Martin supporters on the left are angered and outraged by the senseless death of a young man. To many, this is about racism and injustice.

Pro-gun supporters on the right are calling this a victory of the Justice System, defending Stand Your Ground laws and Zimmerman’s use of self-defense.

While the Zimmerman case happened outside of Orlando, Fla., the laws in Alabama could easily provide for a similar outcome.

Alabama’s “Castle Doctrine” law, much like the Florida law, allows lethal force in defense of a perceived threat. This law grants immunity from civil and criminal repercussions if the law justifies the use of force.

Alabama is one of at least 20 states with a Stand Your Ground-type law. Alabama’s law, SB283, was enacted in 2006.

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Several lawmakers sponsored Stand Your Ground legislation in 2006, including Senator Larry Means (D-Attalla) and Representative Albert Hall (D-Gurley) who sponsored the passing legislation. Representative Steve Hurst (D then R-Munford) and Representative Ron Johnson (R-Sylacauga) co-sponsored the bill.

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The law flew through both chambers, passing 82-9 in the House and 30-2 in the Senate and was signed into law by Governor Bob Riley.

Senators Hank Sanders (D-Selma) and Bobby Singleton (D-Greensboro) were the lone nay votes in the Senate, while Representatives George Bandy (D-Opelika), Linda Coleman (D-Birmingham), Merika Coleman (D-Birmingham), Priscilla Dunn (D-Birmingham), Laura Hall (D-Huntsville), Eric Major (D-Birmingham), Demetrius Newton (D-Birmingham), Oliver Robinson (D-Birmingham) and John Rogers (D-Birmingham) voted nay in the House.

The NRA issued a press release shortly after Riley signed the bill thanking him for signing the bill.

“Law-abiding citizens now have the choice to defend themselves and their families in the face of attack without fear of criminal prosecution and civil litigation,” said Chris Cox, the NRA’s chief lobbyist.

In the wake of the verdict showing the consequences of this type of legislation, several Alabama lawmakers have responded to the incident and the jury’s decision.

Senator Gerald Dial (R-Lineville) took the side of the Stand Your Ground law. “If someone is attacking you with a gun or a deadly weapon, why let them take your life? They’ll shoot you in the back when you are running. You’ve got a right to defend your life,” Dial said.

Representative Darrio Melton (D-Selma) released an op-ed on Monday calling on the community to “work together to get justice for Trayvon” by leading children away from violence.

“While we have to ensure that no Trayvon Martin ever senselessly dies again, we also must ensure that no George Zimmerman ever senselessly resorts to violence again,” Melton said.

Currently, Alabama ranks third-highest in deaths caused by injuries from guns, according to the Kaiser Foundation.

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