By John McMillan
The numbers tell the story: $70.4 billion. That’s the sum total of the economic impact of agriculture, agribusiness and forestry on Alabama’s economy.
Bear in mind, each year, Alabama’s economy generates $188.3 billion in goods and services, 37% of which comes from farming, forestry and agribusinesses. Among Alabama workers, two in five rely on farming, forestry and agribusiness for their livelihood.
The past decade has been a relatively good time for farmers as commodity prices –
including: poultry, beef, cotton, corn, peanuts, soybeans and wheat – have reached and stayed at or near record highs. Of course, offsetting these higher prices are costs such as energy, fertilizer and land, which have all trended higher in recent years.
The 21st century has seen the surging economies of India and China resulting in greater demand for Alabama farm products. Each year, we export billions in poultry, cattle, cotton, soybeans and peanuts to Asian markets. Alabama farm communities, as a result, are more prosperous.
Despite the Great Recession that lingers in some areas of the state, Alabama agriculture has prospered, creating jobs and opportunity. However, the overall economy has struggled. In 2012, when the U.S. gross domestic product (GDP) grew at an anemic rate of 2.5%, Alabama turned in a growth rate of less than half, at 1.2%.
This year, several economic indicators tell us that better times are ahead in Alabama:
- Our unemployment rate is coming down to 6.5%, versus 10.5% in 2009
- Business confidence is on the rise, forecasting business expansion, hiring and profitability.
- Automakers in Alabama continue to build more cars and announce plans to expand operations.
- Alabama is scoring big in industrial relocations, including Airbus Aircraft and Austal Shipbuilding, creating thousands of new jobs in the Mobile area.
- Alabama’s rate of economic growth or GDP is expected to nearly double this year to 2.2%.
We have a strong economic base in Alabama, especially in agriculture and manufacturing, which should generate jobs and opportunity for thousands of Alabamians and small businesses for the foreseeable future.
Yet, it’s not wise to rely on the status quo to sustain us, especially in today’s highly competitive international marketplace. Two years ago, our department joined the campaign for ratification of free trade agreements between the United States and three nations: Colombia, South Korea and Panama. Thanks to bipartisan efforts in Congress, these trade agreements passed overwhelmingly and President Obama signed them into law.
It is now time for us to focus on how Alabama companies can take advantage of these open markets. Thanks to support from many of our stakeholder companies, we held a symposium in late 2011 on world food outlook and how Alabama agriculture can respond to the burgeoning demand for food and fiber.
By the year 2050, world population will reach 9 billion, including two billion more people joining the middle class. Most of the middle income growth will occur in China and India. The American farmer has an incredible opportunity to meet what will be a 50% increase in world food demand, much of which will be protein, such as meat, poultry and grains. Alabama will play a large role in this, as we are the nation’s third largest poultry producer. Our Alabama poultry producers this year are well ahead of last year’s production levels, with some 25 million new chickens added each week to the state’s poultry population. It is worth noting that Alabama cattle and grain production also are in great demand.
There is more to growing our economy than agricultural output. We have a significant agricultural and forestry related industrial base that provides significant benefits. Total value-added impact for the agriculture, forestry and related industries sector of Alabama’s economy totals $30.8 billion a year, according to a recent study conducted by Auburn University’s Department of Agricultural Economic and Rural Sociology.
This sector has great potential for Alabama’s economic future, supported by our land grant colleges that provide the research and development resources necessary for growth.
We have a very good working relationship and strong leaders among our agricultural and forestry stakeholder groups along with out land grant colleges upon which we are building our future. Our focus is clear and our challenges are formidable. Fortunately, all of us are moving in the same direction.
John McMillan is Commissioner of Alabama’s Department of Agriculture & Industries. You can write him at [email protected].
Opinion | We’re just hours from Election Day. Do you have a plan to vote?
“Alabama’s working people deserve better, and on Nov. 3, we have the opportunity to make it truly great.”
We are just hours away from the most anticipated election in America’s modern history. On Nov. 3, Alabama voters will have the opportunity to elect pro-worker candidates up and down the ballot.
As president of the Alabama AFL-CIO, the state’s largest labor federation, our choice in August to endorse Joe Biden for president and Sen. Doug Jones for re-election in the United States Senate could not have been more clear. Our country is facing a crisis on three major fronts: a public health pandemic, an economic free fall and long-standing structural racism. Here in Alabama, working people’s hopes and aspirations are intertwined with the outcome of this election.
Alabamians, your vote is essential. We need to elect leaders who will serve us, not themselves. We have suffered for far too long and simply cannot afford to sit this one out.
Across the country, more than 80 million Americans have already voted — a number which exceeds half of the number of votes counted during the entire 2016 presidential election. Unfortunately, Alabama does not offer an early voting period. Instead, we’re breaking ground with a record 200,000 absentee ballot requests.
According to Secretary of State John Merrill, by the time all votes are counted, an estimated 68 and 75 percent of Alabama voters will have cast their ballots. While these numbers are groundbreaking compared to past election cycles, I know they could be even higher.
We are down to the wire, and if you do not have a plan to vote yet, you must make one now.
The deadline to request an absentee ballot was Thursday, Oct. 29. If you have received your ballot but have not cast it yet, it must be postmarked no later than Nov. 1. Your ballot can also be hand-delivered to an absentee election manager by close of business on Nov. 2.
Not sure where to go? Check here on the Secretary of State website for a list of addresses, sorted by county.
If you mailed your absentee ballot, but want to check its status, you can track it here.
If you choose to vote in-person on Nov. 3, make sure you wear a face mask and bring a valid, state-issued photo ID. If you need to check your polling location, do so here.
If you still do not have a plan to vote, make one as soon as possible that is safe and best for you here.
And if you have any other questions, you can always call the Alabama Democratic Party’s Voter Protection Hotline at 833-468-6832.
With so much at stake in this election, every vote counts. Both Jones and Biden have proven time and time again that they are willing to work with anyone to save lives and livelihoods.
Alabama’s working people deserve better, and on Nov. 3, we have the opportunity to make it truly great.
Opinion | COVID-19: Living in a state of alert
We will resort to our survival mode and exhibit moods and behaviors that are very much like those of individuals who have experienced trauma such as battle or extreme loss.
Borrowing a phrase from a recent communication by the National Council for Behavioral Health: as a result of COVID-19 everyone is living in a “state of alert.” The effect of that on human beings is that we will resort to our survival mode and exhibit moods and behaviors that are very much like those of individuals who have experienced trauma such as battle or extreme loss.
Indeed, individuals on the Gulf coast and the west coast have experienced recent extreme losses of property, lives and livelihood due to Hurricane Sally and rampant fires, further compounding the impact on them of the COVID pandemic. In short, many in our state and country are in the midst of a mental health crisis. This is not a personality defect or sign of weakness. It does not just affect one type of person. We all can experience mental and emotional health issues.
So, what can we do? First, recognize that everyone is having these experiences to some degree. What we have learned about a major crisis is there are predictable emotional highs and lows as our state, country and the world move through the six stages of a disaster: pre-disaster, impact, heroic, honeymoon, disillusionment and reconstruction. If there is any good news about this situation it is that critical conversations are taking place in homes and workplaces. Individuals from all walks of life feel freer to share their feelings and fears, to listen to each other and to act decisively.
On the other hand, we know millions of Americans and Alabamians are suffering tremendously. According to a June 2020 Centers for Disease Control poll, forty percent of adults reported struggling with mental health or substance use issues since March. For frontline healthcare workers and first responders, the impact of COVID-19 and the resulting increasedcritical care workload, is immense. Providing those levels of care has led to stress, anxiety, fear, substance use, suicidal thoughts and other mental health issues that for many individuals has resulted in a state of PTSD. This is true for individuals and families, regardless of direct care-giving involvement.
How can we improve mental health for ourselves, our family, coworkers and friends?
First, start the conversation. Everyone needs to feel they are “seen” and fully informed of options. Don’t hide your own feelings or genuine concern for those of others. Look for common experiences, while sharing useful and accurate information. In the work environment, a buddy system could be a vital strategy to ensure that no one is further isolated.
Warmlines, such as Wings Across Alabama’s phone line [1-844-999-4647] are there for anyone to call. Peer support is offered through dozens of organizations by trained peer specialists who have been successful in recovery. They help others to stay engaged in the recovery process and reduce the likelihood of relapse.
Alabama’s nineteen local mental health authorities and other mental health related organizations around the state offer direct services. Providers have implemented innovative ways to serve individuals through telehealth therapy, virtual group meetings, and drive-throughs for medication or information.
What can we do today is to turn our worries into action? Do not wait to seek help or help someone else. Create a mental health safety plan for yourself or family and friends about whom you may be concerned. Take breaks from social media but stayhealthily connected with friends and family.
To further expand accessibility to care, Alabama is transforming the approach to prevention and early intervention regarding mental health. From initiatives like the First Episode Psychosis program, the School-Based Mental Health Collaborative and ourIndividual Placement and Support-Supported Employmentprogram, to the Stepping Up Initiative’s goal to reduce the number of individuals with mental illness in jails, the Alabama Department of Mental Health is creating preventive and restorative programs for recovery.
Remember that behavioral health is essential health. Prevention works. Treatment is effective, And, people can and do recover from mental and/or substance use disorders. Most of all, we must be kind to each other; it is good for our own mental health.
To find resources and assistance for mental health services visit: www.mh.alabama.gov
Opinion | Air superiority then, space superiority now: the Battle of Britain 80 years hence
The United States and her friends cannot allow a country that is utterly opposed to freedom to control space.
Eighty years ago this week, hurricane season ended when the Royal Air Force won the Battle of Britain by stopping the Nazi war machine at the edge of the English Channel. Before the summer of 1940, Hitler had derided Great Britain as a nation of shopkeepers. Göring’s seemingly superior Luftwaffe pilots were outdone by the young British RAF, aided by friendly forces—not the least of which was a squadron of Polish pilots. They had shown the world that the Nazi juggernaut could be countered through perseverance, aided by the novel design of quick and lethal airplanes: the spitfire and hurricane.
Churchill named this battle when he declared after Dunkirk that with the conclusion of the Battle of France, the Battle of Britain would begin. Unlike past battles, the critical objective was as amorphous as it was strategic: the achievement of air superiority. It was a testament to the fact that warfare had changed forever, tilting the scales in favor of technology over brute strength.
Even Hitler and his retinue of yes-men knew that subjugating Britain would require a risky and complex invasion. The English Channel, though relatively narrow at some points, served as a giant moat that required amphibious landings on slow-moving vessels, which would be vulnerable to attack from above. Nazi control of the air would be the key to a successful invasion. With proper preparations for a seaborne invasion many months out, Göring pushed for an air campaign, and Hitler approved.
The Luftwaffe’s first objective was to destroy RAF airfields, but Luftwaffe planes were not designed for this mission, and their pilots—though experienced—were no match for the RAF’s pilots in spitfires and hurricanes. These planes had unmatched maneuverability, and home-field advantage played an equally important role. The British had a superior early warning radar system that enabled them to plot the likely flight path of incoming enemies and to scramble their gassed and fully loaded planes efficiently. Over Britain, each downed German represented not only a lost airplane but also a lost pilot. Maintaining air superiority was a fight for survival, and the British pilots knew that the fate of freedom for their island, and perhaps for civilization, rested on their shoulders. They turned the tide of the war in fighting, as Churchill noted, “undaunted by the odds, unwearied in their constant challenge and mortal danger.”
While the concept of air superiority was initially academic, the Battle of Britain proved it critical to modern military success. Since then, the need for air superiority has remained unquestioned. A country might not win with air superiority, but failure was guaranteed without it. The use of airpower to master the skies has been the first order of business in every major conflict since World War II. Even today, with the development of defensive missile shields and the capability of intercepting incoming aircraft and missiles, air superiority is and will remain a critical objective in any conflict. But air superiority is starting to give way to space superiority.
As we become more and more dependent on satellites, and as human activity in space becomes less of a novelty, controlling space will be critical not only for commercial and economic success, but also for global stability and the defense of our nation. The nation that controls space will control the destiny of the entire world. To be dominant in space is to be dominant period, and the dominating nation will have the final say over many aspects of our lives.
Those who would object to the militarization of space do not understand, or refuse to see, today’s reality. The activities of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) in space are similar to those of the nations who sought to control the sea in the 19th century and the air in the 20th century. At present, these activities are largely unchecked by other nations and international organizations.
There was a time when the United Nations was capable of limiting space to peaceful means. Similar to the control of nuclear weapons, the United Nations provided a means of achieving an international consensus that limiting weapons in space was beneficial for all nations. But, as with any large organization attempting to achieve consensus among diverse groups, the only real agreement among nations became the lowest common denominator. Thus, UN limits on the militarization of space are limited, weak, and ineffective.
This void of international leadership is being filled by a resurgent Communist China, intent on achieving world domination—a long-term national goal. With few international limitations, the CCP is seeking space superiority to impose its ideas on the world and thereby supplant civilization’s shared liberal principles. The UN has been aggressively helpless or simply unable to check China’s dreams of space superiority. While the CCP has yet to obtain the domination it seeks, it is clearly on track with covert military missions, like developing its own GPS system that would aid in obtaining space superiority.
The United States cannot let this happen. Students of history know that many of the great and terrible military conflicts could have been prevented or mitigated with proper foresight and preparation. Unless the United States acts soon to check CCP aggression in space, we may have extremely limited choices in the future.
Our new Space Force must explain the seriousness of this threat and develop strategic plans to protect space from the domination of any one country. This grand effort will require allies who not only understand the threat, but who are financially able to join with the United States to dominate space for peaceful purposes. The free world’s shared cultural and civic traditions could form the basis for ensuring that space can never be dominated by one country.
During World War I and in the following decades, Churchill stressed the importance of developing radar, the tank, and the airplane. Without these developments, the Battle of Britain would have ended much differently. As we celebrate the 80th anniversary of victory at the Battle of Britain, and as we understand the strategic necessity of air superiority in protecting the island nation from foreign invasion, we should recognize the strategic necessity of space superiority today.
The United States and her friends cannot allow a country that is utterly opposed to freedom to control space and, in turn, Earth. The free world must develop space first and create enforceable laws to allow space to be an extension of the liberty we currently enjoy. In order to do that, we must overhaul our outdated legal regime concerning the development and deployment of space technologies, support the private development of space properly, and remove the bureaucratic barriers hindering important breakthroughs. We must not surrender space to totalitarians who would use it to subjugate free peoples around the globe. If we heed the call to action and engage in this new endeavor, we can ensure that the limitless possibilities of space are secured for future generations.
Opinion | Changing lanes on the Alabama Workforce Superhighway
As we come out of the pandemic we have a new view of the world and with our innovative hats on, we now look at workforce issues through a new and different lens.
Hello friends and welcome back to the Alabama Workforce Superhighway! Our last stop was the AlabamaWorks Virtual Workforce Conference in September. The conference gave us a lot to think about on the drive ahead. It was great to be among workforce professionals again to share and discuss where we are as a state and, just from a mental perspective, I needed it!
We have so many opportunities staring us in the face that we did not have pre-COVID. The work we have all been doing is more important now than ever before. Did our previous challenges go away due to COVID? Absolutely not!
Our workforce issues may have been “timed out,” or perhaps they were on a break, but those issues continue to be our challenges. So, not only should we remain focused on our Success Plus goal of adding 500,000 workers in our workforce with credentials of value by 2025, we must also help our companies get back to work and work with their current and future employees.
We need to make sure they are technically ready for the impending automated world and assist them with all the tech-savvy tools that are being developed as part of Industry 4.0 and the ever developing “Smart Factory” concepts.
Alabama is rapidly moving in this direction, and we must have the workforce to meet the demands. This is one of the foundations for Gov. Kay Ivey’s Success Plus plan. In almost every speech and presentation Ivey delivers, she mentions how absolutely critical our workforce is and that they must be ready for the work we are recruiting into Alabama.
To say 2020 has been strange, would be a colossal understatement and it keeps on giving! 2020 started as a typical year when many were planning and working with high hopes for a productive legislative session, school year or university semester, or simply hoping for a beautiful spring. Little did we know COVID-19 would turn us all inside out and literally stop the world in its tracks.
But, not in Alabama. Yes, it was a kick in the gut and our hearts go out to the many who have suffered or lost loved ones due to the pandemic. But as Alabama usually does, we are fighting back. With good solid leadership by Ivey, an extraordinary Governor’s Office staff, a host of very smart cabinet officers and their respective department staffs, and most importantly, some very focused business leaders making good and sound business decisions, we are leading the nation in many aspects of our recovery.
In addition, as we come out of the pandemic we have a new view of the world and with our innovative hats on, we now look at workforce issues through a new and different lens. Yes, the drivers on the Alabama Workforce Superhighway are focused and determined with many great examples of courageous initiatives to assist our customers, overcome the issues and not only get back to pre-COVID productivity, but be even stronger.
So, what new opportunities has 2020 brought us when it comes to our workforce? Although the pandemic has brought many challenges it has also given us access to many people we did not have access to before. Who are these people? There are thousands who lost jobs that were vulnerable to the pandemic. Retail employees, hospitality and restaurant workers who in some cases were working two and three jobs to make ends meet, now have an opportunity to be trained for a less vulnerable job. Alabama has many jobs available as the world wakes back up. We NEED these people and our Alabama Workforce Stabilization Program is laser focused on these folks.
In the recent AlabamaWorks Virtual Workforce Conference we discussed the need for flexibility in order to adapt to change. To be successful in this “new normal” we must prepare our workforce by:
- Creating new digital models for education and training
- Upskilling (expand capabilities)
- Re-skilling (acquire a new or improved skill)
- Strengthening and enforcing safety measures
- Reinforcing partnerships and pooling resources
- Focusing on higher wage jobs
Yes, the world has changed, but we in Alabama were already moving in the right direction.
There are many people to thank for our progress and to name just a few: Governor Ivey and her staff set us on a course to meet those needs with the “Strong Start, Strong Finish” education initiative and gave us a strategy for success through the Success Plus plan. Lt. Governor Will Ainsworth, his staff and the Senate Leadership are very engaged as is the House Leadership with Speaker Mac McCutcheon, budget chairs and other many strong Representatives and Senators across the state. They get it!
Yes, we got this! But, we are nowhere near done and as you already know this work can never stop. To borrow some words from a great song, “we can check out anytime, but we can never leave.” We can want to exit the highway, but we can never stop our drive on the Alabama Workforce Superhighway!