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Feds May Outlaw Passengers on ATVs

By Brandon Moseley
Alabama Political Reporter

The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) has officially requested for Information regarding passenger use of ATVs.

The Consumer Product Safety Commission is issuing a notice seeking information from the public on the prevalence of carrying passengers on all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) and the feasibility of a performance requirement that would prevent passengers from being carried on ATVs.

Written comments must be submitted at their website:

Or by mail to:

Office of the Secretary, U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, Room 820, 4330 East West Highway, Bethesda, MD 20814.

They are asking that you include the docket number: CPSC-2012-0048 and preferably include five copies. They also accept compact disks. You may telephone the CSPC at (301) 504-7923.

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To ensure the timely processing of comments, the Commission is no longer accepting emailed comments except through their website.

The CPSC writes that since the 1980s, they have addressed ATV safety through various activities, including rule making, recalls, consumer education, media outreach following fatal incidents, and litigation. Despite their efforts, ATV-related fatalities continue to be one of the largest categories of consumer product-related deaths. ATV safety, therefore, remains an ongoing Commission concern. Most recently, to assess the impact of passenger use of ATVs, the Commission Fiscal Year 2014 Operating Plan tasked CPSC staff with “assessing the inclusion of a performance standard related to preventing passengers on ATVs.”

The Commission is asking in this request for information (RFI) that stakeholders provide information s related to passenger use of ATVs. The CPSC is asking specifically: whether a performance requirement to prevent passenger use of ATVs is appropriate, what is “the prevalence of passenger use and the reasons,‘ ‘why passengers ride on ATVs,” potential means of preventing passengers from being carried on ATVs not intended for that purpose and potential impacts of these requirements on the utility of ATVs.

In August 2006, the Commission issued a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPR) that proposed: informational and training requirements for four-wheeled, adult, single-rider and tandem ATVs; technical performance requirements for four-wheeled, adult, single-rider and tandem ATVs; technical requirements for four-wheeled, youth ATVs; and a ban of three-wheeled ATVs.

Following that effort the popular three-wheeled ATVs were outlawed. The Commission hosted an ATV Safety Summit to “provide stakeholders an opportunity to present their views on the outstanding issues” related to ATV safety, in addition to providing a forum for stakeholders to discuss new innovations in ATV safety on October 11 and 12, 2012, and accepted comments through November 14, 2012. A summary of these comments is available on CPSC’s website.

The Commission’s Fiscal Year 2014 Operating Plan directed staff to: consult with the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration regarding the categorization of youth ATVs, as well as the establishment of additional safety standards for ATVs; assess the inclusion in the NPR of a performance standard related to preventing passengers on ATVs; contracting for further testing of a child-resistant ATV ignition prototype device; conduct a literature review and develop a testing strategy to evaluate steering and stability issues related to ATVs; and conduct a literature review and analysis regarding roll-over protection systems for ATVs.

The CPSC has begun a three year effort to conduct an ATV off-road exposure survey. The CPSC staff now wants input from stakeholders related to passengers on ATVs. Specifically, they want information on the prevalence of passengers riding on ATVs and the feasibility of establishing a performance requirement that would prevent or reduce the likelihood of passengers riding on an ATV. The example given was a performance requirement could prevent an ATV from being able to carry a passenger on a seat or cargo rack. The CPSC claims however that any law or regulation aimed at changing consumer use of ATVs, such as a law to prohibit ATV use by passengers, would need to be addressed at the state level.

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According to CPSC staff’s special study on ATV-related deaths and emergency department-treated injuries passengers comprise about 25 percent of injured victims. From 2005 through 2007, about 25 percent of fatalities involved ATVs with multiple riders; however, a passenger was the victim in slightly less than half of those fatalities with multiple riders, meaning that about 10 percent of fatalities are to a passenger of an ATV. In addition, the recent pilot study of ATV-related fatalities found that of 502 reported incidents with more than one rider on the ATV, more than 80 percent involved two riders: a driver and a passenger. Of those, about half involved both riders on the seat of the ATV, and the driver was more likely to be fatally injured than the passenger. Around 10 percent of passenger-related fatal incidents involved more than two riders (i.e., a driver and two or more passengers). When two or more passengers were involved, a passenger was more likely to be fatally injured.

Written By

Brandon Moseley is a former reporter at the Alabama Political Reporter.


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