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To cheers on the floor, House sends day care licensing bill up to the Senate

Chip Brownlee | The Trace



By Chip Brownlee
Alabama Political Reporter

The Alabama House on Thursday approved a bill that would bring more previously unlicensed religious day cares under the supervision of the Alabama Department of Human Resources.

The bill by Rep. Pebblin Warren, D-Tuskegee, has been nearly two years in the making. It passed the House last year but died during a 10-minute calendar in the Senate as the Legislature neared the end of the session last year.

This year, the House passed Warren’s bill by a vote of 86 to 5 — but only after hours of debate. Cheers erupted on the floor when the bill passed Thursday evening.

“It will be a giant step forward because they’ll know someone is looking,” Warren said. “They’ll know I’m looking.”

The Senate is expected to put the bill on the “fast track,” taking it up in Senate committee within the next few legislative days after lawmakers return Tuesday.


The legislation, if it becomes law, would require some for-profit religious day cares and those that receive federal or state funding to go through DHR’s licensing process and abide by the department’s minimum safety standards. Some religious day cares — those that don’t receive federal or state funding — will remain exempt from state licensing processes.

“My initial objective is still the health and safety of the children in day cares in the state of Alabama,” Warren said.

Warren introduced the bill last year after a string of incidents including the death and injury of several children in unregulated, church-affiliated day cares.

After the bill failed in last year’s legislative session, a 5-year-old boy, Kamden Johnson, was found dead, lying on the side of the road three miles from his Mobile-area day care, Community Nursery & Preschool Academy on Hillcrest Road, in August.

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More than 23 instances of non-compliance were found at the previously unlicensed, unregulated day care where the young boy died. Kamden’s name was invoked numerous times Thursday as lawmakers pushed for the legislation.

His death wasn’t the first time children have been killed or injured in day cares operating at lower safety and health standards. More than 80 children became ill at a Montgomery day care in 2015 after they were infected with staph, and, in another instance, a South Alabama woman opened several “religious” day cares despite charges of abuse and child neglect.

“After the tragedy over the summer, I said this year would be different. It must be different,” Warren said.

Warren said the process of getting this legislation through was exhausting.

“It’s really been a long day but I’ve been very, very prayerful in this, and I think God is pleased,” Warren said. “I didn’t give up. I could have easily said hey, throw my hands up and walk away.”

Alabama law, as it stands, allows day cares that are affiliated with churches and other religious groups to apply for exemptions to licensing requirements. While those unregulated day cares are required to follow health department and fire safety regulations, they aren’t otherwise subject to oversight or inspection by the Department of Human Resources.

The department typically inspects licensed day cares to ensure they meet minimum staff qualifications, criminal background check and training requirements, insurance, staff-to-child ratios, minimum facility and equipment safety standards and health inspections.

Almost half of the nearly 2,000 day cares in Alabama were claiming this exemption, according to DHR. The bill is expected to cut that number in half, at least.

Many currently exempt facilities accept state or federal funding and will be required to obtain a DHR license if this legislation makes it into the lawbooks. And the federal government began requiring inspections on those facilities last year.

But the bill this year is significantly weaker than the bill Warren got passed last year, which would have required all day cares to become licensed. Warren said she was forced to compromise with conservations leading into the committee process.

“The church groups fought, fought, fought,” Warren told APR Tuesday. “But this has nothing to do with your teaching. It has only to do with the health and safety of children.”

The compromises led to Warren agreeing to leave some exemptions in place for those facilities that don’t accept state or federal funding.

The bill passed out of committee Tuesday after nearly 20 people showed up to speak in favor of the bill at a public hearing.

Warren said this was a “step in the right direction” but more needs to be done. She pointed to more than 100 instances of unlicensed day cares withdrawing from their federal funding after they could no longer meet minimum compliance requirements.

She has some reservations about those bad actors that could keep operating even if they lose state and federal money.

“The scary thing is if they’re just giving up federal dollars so they can continue to go on and perform like they’re performing,” Warren said. “Those are the ones, if we decide to come back and do it, we’re going to make sure that those will not be able to exist.”

But she believes many of those day cares will likely shut down because they survive off of federal and state funding.

“That’s going to take up a lot of them,” Warren said.

While the original bill would have required those day cares that remain unlicensed to submit to annual inspections, that portion of the bill was also removed during negotiations with some conservative lawmakers.

In the final version of the bill, they’ll only be required to meet existing minimum health and fire safety standards — verified annually by their county health department and local fire department. But it will implement some additional requirements, too. Those exempt facilities will be required to submit employee lists, report any criminal history and meet minimum liability, proof of property and casualty insurance requirements.

Rep. Allen Farley, R-Bessemer, held up a vote on the bill Thursday as he worked to get an amendment passed to remove a provision of the bill that would require licensing for any facilities that cares for a child receiving state child care subsidies.

After hours of debate between Republicans and Democrats — and an attempt from Warren to table the amendment — it passed along a near-party line vote.

Farley said he was worried that church day cares would begin turning away foster children and other children who receive subsidies in order to maintain their exempt status for religious liberty reasons.

“I don’t want to jeopardize the day care facility not accepting that child,” Farley said.

But the amendment will have pretty much no effect, experts and Warren said. The Department of Human Resources and state law already requires children who receive department subsidies to attend facilities that meet minimum licensing requirements.

“That amendment really changed nothing, to be honest,” Warren said. “They wanted it on there for the wording. I can deal with it.”

Because child care subsidies are funded by both state and federal sources, both require the children to attend licensed day cares or they risk losing their subsidies.

But Democrats were initially worried that the amendment could open up a can of worms that might jeopardize the rest of the bill if it were in violation of federal law. Rep. Chris England pushed to have a severability clause added to the bill that would protect the rest if that portion was struck down.

Some conservatives still had concerns that the bill violated religious liberty, though a part of the bill clarifies that DHR cannot control religious teaching or affiliation.

Representatives Barry Moore, Phillip Pettus, Ritchie Whorton, Randy Wood and Mike Holmes, all Republicans, voted against the bill. Republican Rep. Harry Shiver abstained and 10 members, largely Republicans, didn’t vote.


Chip Brownlee is a former political reporter, online content manager and webmaster at the Alabama Political Reporter. He is now a reporter at The Trace, a non-profit newsroom covering guns in America.


In Case You Missed It

Tuberville calls for term limits, balanced budget and lobbying reform

Tuberville has also made a major media buy across the state to trumpet this message.

Brandon Moseley



Republican Senate candidate Tommy Tuberville (TUBERVILLE CAMPAIGN)

Senate candidate Tommy Tuberville’s campaign began emphasizing key structural reforms that the Republican nominee hopes to advance if elected to the U.S. Senate including congressional term limits, withholding lawmakers’ paychecks unless a balanced budget is passed and a ban on former officials becoming lobbyists.

“Only an outsider like me can help President Trump drain the Swamp, and any of the proposals outlined in this ad will begin the process of pulling the plug,” Tuberville said in a statement. “Doug Jones has had his chance, and he failed our state, so now it’s time to elect a senator who will work to fundamentally change the way that Washington operates.”

Tuberville has also made a major media buy across the state to trumpet this message.

“You know Washington politicians could learn a lot from the folks in small town Alabama, but Doug Jones … he’s too liberal to teach them,” Tuberville added.

Polls consistently show that term limits are popular with people across both political parties, but the U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that imposing term limits would be adding a qualification to be a member of Congress and that can only be done by constitutional amendment.

It is an unspoken truth that when Americans send someone to Congress they never come back. They either keep getting re-elected like Alabama’s own Sen. Richard Shelby, who is in his sixth term in the Senate after four terms in the U.S. House of Representatives. On the other hand, they may become lobbyists getting paid to influence their colleagues on behalf of corporations, foreign governments or some well funded non-government organization.


Tuberville said he would ban that practice.

A balanced budget amendment almost passed in the 1980s and again in the 1990s.

Since that failure, Congress has increasingly passed bigger and bigger budget deficits. The U.S. government borrowed more money during the eight years of President George W. Bush’s presidency than the government had borrowed in the first 224 years of the country combined.

President Barack Obama followed and the TARP program propped up the post-Great Recession economy. Rather than cutting the deficit, President Donald Trump invested billions in the military and a tax cut without cutting domestic spending. The 2020 coronavirus crisis has further grown the budget.

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The government has borrowed trillions to prop up the economy and provide stimulus while investing billions into medical research and treating the virus victims. Congress is currently debating a fifth stimulus package that would add more to the deficit.

Both a balanced budget amendment and a term limits amendment would have to be ratified by the states if passed by Congress. Tuberville is challenging incumbent Sen. Doug Jones, D-Alabama.

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In Case You Missed It

House passes General Fund Budget

Brandon Moseley



By Brandon Moseley
Alabama Political Reporter

The Alabama House of Representatives passed the state General Fund Budget on Tuesday.

The General Fund Budget for the 2019 fiscal year is Senate Bill 178. It is sponsored by Sen. Trip Pittman, R-Montrose. State Rep. Steve Clouse, R-Ozark, carried the budget on the House floor. Clouse chairs the House Ways and Means General Fund Committee.

Clouse said, “Last year we monetized the BP settlement money and held over $97 million to this year.”

Clouse said that the state is still trying to come up with a solution to the federal lawsuit over the state prisons. The Governor’s Office has made some progress after she took over from Gov. Robert Bentley. The supplemental we just passed added $30 million to prisons.

The budget adds $50 million to the Department of Corrections.


Clouse said that the budget increased the money for prisons by $55,680,000 and includes $4.8 million to buy the privately-owned prison facility in Perry County.

Clouse said that the budget raises funding for the judicial system and raises the appropriation for the Forensic Sciences to $11.7 million.

The House passed a committee substitute so the Senate is either going to have to concur with the changes made by the House or a conference committee will have to be appointed. Clouse told reporters that he hoped that it did not have to go to conference.

Clouse said that the budget had added $860,000 to hire more Juvenile Probation Officers. After talking to officials with the court system that was cut in half in the amendment. The amendment also includes some wording the arbiters in the court lawsuit think we need.

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The state General Fund Budget, SB178, passed 98-1.

Both budgets have now passed the Alabama House of Representatives.

The 2019 fiscal year begins on Oct. 1, 2018.

In addition to the SGF, the House also passed a supplemental appropriation for the current 2018 budget year. SB175 is also sponsored by Pittman and was carried by Clouse on the floor of the House.

SB175 includes $30 million in additional 2018 money for the Department of Corrections. The Departmental Emergency Fund, the Examiners of Public Accounts, the Insurance Department and Forensic Sciences received additional money.

Clouse said, “We knew dealing with the federal lawsuit was going to be expensive. We are adding $80 million to the Department of Corrections.”

State Representative Johnny Mack Morrow, R-Red Bay, said that state Department of Forensics was cut from $14 million to $9 million. “Why are we adding money for DA and courts if we don’t have money for forensics to provide evidence? if there is any agency in law enforcement or the court system that should be funded it is Forensics.”

The supplemental 2018 appropriation passed 80 to 1.

The House also passed SB203. It was sponsored by Pittman and was carried in the House by State Rep. Ken Johnson, R-Moulton. It raises securities and registration fees for agents and investment advisors. It increases the filing fees for certain management investment companies. Johnson said that those fees had not been adjusted since 2009.

The House also passed SB176, which is an annual appropriation for the Coalition Against Domestic Violence. The bill requires that the agency have an operations plan, audited financial statement, and quarterly and end of year reports. SB176 is sponsored by Pittman and was carried on the House floor by State Rep. Elaine Beech, D-Chatham.

The House passed Senate Bill 185 which gives state employees a cost of living increase in the 2019 budget beginning on October 1. It was sponsored by Sen. Clyde Chambliss, R-Prattville and was being carried on the House floor by state Rep. Dimitri Polizos, R-Montgomery.

Polizos said that this was the first raise for non-education state employees in nine years. It is a 3 percent raise.

SB185 passed 101-0.

Senate Bill 215 gives retired state employees a one time bonus check. SB215 is sponsored by Senator Gerald Dial, R-Lineville, and was carried on the House floor by state Rep. Kerry Rich, R-Guntersville.

Rich said that retired employees will get a bonus $1  for every month that they worked for the state. For employees who retired with 25 years of service that will be a $300 one time bonus. A 20-year retiree would get $240 and a 35-year employee would get $420.

SB215 passed the House 87-0.

The House passed Senate Bill 231, which is the appropriation bill increase amount to the Emergency Forest Fire and Insect and Disease Fund. SB231 is sponsored by Sen. Steve Livingston, R-Scottsboro, and was carried on the House floor by state Rep. Kyle South, R-Fayette.

State Rep. Elaine Beech, D-Chathom, said, “Thank you for bringing this bill my district is full of trees and you never know when a forest fire will hit.

SB231 passed 87-2.

The state of Alabama is unique among the states in that most of the money is earmarked for specific purposes allowing the Legislature little year-to-year flexibility in moving funds around.

The SGF includes appropriations for the Alabama Medicaid Agency, the courts, the Alabama Law Enforcement Agency, the Alabama Department of Corrections, mental health, and most state agencies that are no education related. The Alabama Department of Transportation gets their funding mostly from state fuel taxes.

The Legislature also gives ALEA a portion of the gas taxes. K-12 education, the two year college system, and all the universities get their state support from the education trust fund (ETF) budget. There are also billions of dollars in revenue that are earmarked for a variety of purposes that does not show up in the SGF or ETF budgets.

Examples of that include the Public Service Commission, which collects utility taxes from the industries that it regulates. The PSC is supported entirely by its own revenue streams and contributes $13 million to the SGF. The Secretary of State’s Office is entirely funded by its corporate filing and other fees and gets no SGF appropriation.

Clouse warned reporters that part of the reason this budget had so much money was due to the BP oil spill settlement that provided money for the 2018 budget and $97 million for the 2019 budget. Clouse said they elected to make a $13 million repayment to the Alabama Trust fund that was not due until 2020 but that is all that was held over for 2020.

Clouse predicted that the Legislature will have to make some hard decisions about revenue in next year’s session.


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In Case You Missed It

Day Care bill delayed for second time on Senate floor, may be back Thursday

Sam Mattison



By Samuel Mattison
Alabama Political Reporter

The day care bill, which would license certain day care centers in Alabama, was once again delayed on the state Senate floor after one lawmaker requested more information.

Its brief appearance Tuesday ended with state Sen. Gerald Dial, R-Lineville, saying a compromise had not yet been worked out with the bill’s detractors.

Alabama’s Senate has been hesitant to act on the legislation because of complaints of state Sen. Shay Shelnutt, R-Trussville, who has been an opponent of the bill since its introduction last year. The bill’s delay on Tuesday marks the second time its been taken off the Senate’s agenda.

The bill has had a rocky time in this year’s session, but the bill’s sponsor state Rep. Pebblin Warren, D-Tuskegee, said she is still confident about its passage out of the Legislature.

Warren, D-Tuskegee, filed the bill this session with the support of influential lawmakers including Gov. Kay Ivey, who told reporters last year that she though all day cares should be licensed.


Mainly sparked by the death of 5-year-old boy in the care of a unlicensed day care worker, the bill had great momentum coming into this year’ session.

Despite the growing support from lawmakers, Religious groups had concerns that the bill would increase state-sponsored reach into religious day cares in churches and non-profit groups.

Spearheading the dissenters was Alabama Citizens Action Program, a conservative religious-based PAC.

Warren, proponents, and ALCAP announced a compromise to the bill while it was still in the Alabama House.

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Announced by ALCAP originally, the new bill was a weaker version in that it did not require that all day cares in the state be regulated. Instead, religious-based day cares would only need to be registered if they received federal funds. At a Senate committee meeting in February, Warren said a similar requirement was about to come from federal law in Congress.

The bill moved through the House in a overwhelming vote in favor of the proposal and passed unanimously out of a Senate committee a few weeks ago.

Warren, speaking to reporters after its passage from the House, said she was unsure if the bill would encounter resistance in the upper chamber.

It was the Senate that killed the daycare bill last year amid a cramped last day where senators took the bill off the floor. The bill may face similar complications this year, as lawmakers seem to be preparing to adjourn within a few weeks.

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In Case You Missed It

Fantasy sports bill fails on Senate floor

Sam Mattison



By Samuel Mattison
Alabama Political Reporter

Would-be Fantasy Sports players in Alabama will have to wait to legally play in the state following a Senate vote on Tuesday.

The Alabama Senate decisively killed a bill to exempt fantasy sports from the state’s prohibition on gambling.

Not even entertaining a debate on the Senate floor, the proposal was killed during a vote for the Budget Isolation Resolution, which is usually a formality vote preluding a debate.

Fantasy sports are contests where participants select players from real teams to compete on fantasy teams using the real-world players’ stats.

Since 2016, the practice has been illegal in Alabama following a legal decision by the Attorney General’s Office that categorized it as gambling.


The bill’s sponsor, state Sen. Paul Sanford, R-Huntsville, predicted the bill’s failure during a committee meeting two weeks ago, where the bill passed unanimously.

Sen. Paul Sanford speaks to reporters after a Senate Committee meeting on Feb. 28, 2018. (Samuel Mattison/APR)

Speaking to reporter’s after the committee meeting, Sanford said the decision to file the bill was mainly a philosophical belief that the practice shouldn’t be illegal.

Sanford, a fantasy sports player before its ban, said that fantasy sports are a way to bring people closer together and not a means to win money. The Huntsville senator is not seeking re-election.

The bill’s failure in the Senate follows its trajectory last year too. A similar version of the bill, also sponsored by Sanford, failed in the Senate during the final days of the 2017 Legislative Session.

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Since Sanford is retiring, it is unclear if the bill will even come back next session, or if it will even have a Senate sponsor.

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