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Election FAQ: Things you need to know before you vote

Chip Brownlee



Voters will head to the polls Tuesday to vote for a number of local, state and national elected offices. Before you go, take a look at this FAQ to make sure you’re updated on what you need to know before you vote.

What’s on the ballot?

More than a dozen statewide elected offices will be on the ballot. That’s in addition to congressional seats, varying local offices, local ballot measures and four proposed state constitutional amendments.

Alabama holds statewide general elections every four years, which coincide with midterm elections on the national level.

You can see what the ballot will look like in your county by visiting this page on the Secretary of State’s website.

What’s at stake?

Tuesday’s election has a two-fold significance in Alabama. On the national level, Alabamians will be voting in seven congressional races. Six are seen as pretty solidly Republican and the 7th Congressional District is almost assuredly to remain under Democratic control because U.S. Rep. Terri Sewell has no opponent.

But the race isn’t just about Democratic or Republican control of the House. It’s unlikely any of Alabama’s congressional seats will flip, but folks will be watching to see if Democrats can cut into Republican votes in several districts, specifically the 3rd and 2nd Congressional Districts, where Democrats are running candidates viewed as particularly viable.


On the state level, Democrats are hoping to cash in on Democratic enthusiasm on nationally and locally after Democratic Sen. Doug Jones’ election in December 2017.

It’s not so much about whether Democrats will win. Rather, it’s a question of whether Democrats can even compete in Alabama anymore or if the state will again remain solidly Republican.

Where do I vote?

Voters can only vote at their designated polling location. That depends on your county, city and precinct. The only way to be sure is to check your voter registration confirmation card mailed to you by your county board of registrars or to find your location online here.

How long are polls open?

Polls are open 7 a.m. to 7 p.m.

Can I still vote after 7 p.m. if I’m in line?

If you’re in line by 7 p.m., you can still vote.

Can I still register to vote?

The deadline was Oct. 22. Unfortunately, you can’t register anymore. And registration is required to vote.

Did I need to re-register if I voted recently?

No, you don’t have to re-register before every election. If you’ve voted in recent elections, you should still be registered to vote. You may need to update your information at the polls if you’ve moved addresses.

How can I check if I’m registered?

You can check your registration status on this webpage.

What do I need to take with me?

You need a valid form of state-issued photo ID, which can include a driver’s license, a state-provided voter ID card, a military ID, a passport or a valid college ID form a public university.

Here is a list of all valid IDs:

  • Valid Driver’s License
  • Valid Non-driver ID
  • Valid Alabama Photo Voter ID
  • Valid State Issued ID (Alabama or any other state)
  • Valid Federal Issued ID
  • Valid US Passport
  • Valid Employee ID from Federal Government, State of Alabama, County Government, Municipality, Board, Authority, or other entity of this state
  • Valid student or employee ID from a college or university in the State of Alabama (including postgraduate technical or professional schools)
  • Valid Military ID
  • Valid Tribal ID

You can check to see what’s considered a valid photo ID here.

Can I vote early?

No, Alabama does not have early voting.

Is it too late to vote absentee?

Yes and no. The last day to apply for an absentee ballot was Thursday, Nov. 1.

If you have received an absentee ballot, it must be postmarked in the mail by Monday and received by your county absentee election manager no later than noon on election day.

You can also hand-deliver your absentee ballot to your county election office by 5 p.m. on Monday.

Don’t forget that you are legally obligated to have a state-approved excuse to vote absentee. It is not the same as early voting or voting by mail.

More information about absentee ballots is available here.

Can I still vote if I’m listed as an “inactive” voter on the rolls?

Yes, you can still vote, and your vote will count. Inactive voters are those who have moved and didn’t change their addresses, resulting in mailings from election officials being returned.

If you’re listed as inactive when you get to the polls Tuesday, you can still vote, but you will be asked to update your information on a form and go to the back of the line.

What if I don’t have a photo ID?

You can go to the polls and vote a provisional ballot if you don’t have a photo ID or forgot it at home. If you vote a provisional ballot, it’s your responsibility to verify your information or your ballot won’t be counted.

You have until the following Friday to follow up with your county board of registrars to confirm your identity.

Check or with the board of registrars for documents needed.

Do I have to vote in every race?

No, you don’t. You can vote in as many races as you want. Only the races you bubble in will count.

What is straight-party voting?

You have the option to select straight-ticket Republican or straight-ticket Democratic on the top of the ballot. That means you are voting for every person on the ballot who is a Republican or a Democrat, respectively. If there are non-partisan races on the ballot, your vote won’t count in those unless you bubble them in. You must also vote for proposed constitutional amendments and local ballot measures separately.

Can I vote straight-party and vote differently in a particular race?

Yes. You can vote straight party, but if you vote in any particular race, your vote in that race will override your straight-party vote, but only in that race. So, for example, you could vote straight-party Republican and then vote for a Democrat in your House district. If you did that, you would still be voting for every Republican except for the particular race in which you voted for a Democrat.




Sessions, Tuberville build campaign war chests headed toward runoff

Brandon Moseley



Former U.S. Senator Jeff Sessions (R-Alabama) is running in the July 14 Republican Party primary runoff against former Auburn head football Coach Tommy Tuberville. Both turned in Federal Elections Commission reports showing campaign activity through the end of April when Alabamians were still under shelter in place orders to fight the spread of the coronavirus.

Sessions was able to transfer over his previous campaign account and he has slightly more cash on hand than Tuberville, but Tuberville had the most votes in the March 3 Republican primary and has led throughout in most of the polling.

Former Auburn football Coach Tommy Tuberville in his filling with the Federal Elections Commission (FEC) reports that the campaign has collected total contributions of $2,299,292.20. Tuberville has loaned his campaign $1,000,000. The campaign reports operating expenditures of $2,074,302.74 and has refunded $15,525 in contributions to individuals. Tuberville has repaid $750,000 of the loan that he made to himself. His campaign reports other disbursements of $1,000. .

The Tuberville campaign is reporting a cash balance of $458,819.40 with debts and loans owed by the committee of $393,043.23.

Tuberville’s largest contributors include: Terry Young of Birmingham, AL $10,000. He is the CEO of Southern Risk Services. Douglas Gowland of Gates Hills, Ohio $10,000. He is retired. Stiles Killett of Atlanta, Georgia $10,000. He is the Chairman of Killett Investment Corporation. Marcus Calloway of Atlanta, GA $10,000. He is self employed real estate attorney. Connie Neville of King’s Hill, Virginia $8,400. Connie is a self employed designer. William Neville of King’s Hill, VA $8,400. He is a manager with U.S. Viking. Sandra Hicks of Rainsville, AL $8,000. Sandra is a homemaker. Dennis Hicks of Rainsville, AL $8,000. Dennis is the CEO of Colormaster. M.S. Properties LLC of Wellington, AL $7500. Austin Brooks of Vestavia Hills, AL $6,400. Brooks is a senior associate with Highpoint Holdings.

Jefferson Beauregard “Jeff” Sessions III reported total receipts of just $1,740,194.28. Of that $1,619,657.39 came from contributions. Sessions’ total individual contributions were $1,237,923.39. Sessions also raised $381,73 from other campaign committees. Sessions reported other receipts of $114,759.89. Sessions had total disbursements of $3,815,148.56 of which $3,709,022.56 were operating expenses. The Sessions’ campaign reports ending cash on hand of $749,235.59.

Sessions has received a number of contributions through the WinRed platform. WinRed is an American Republican Party (GOP) fundraising platform endorsed by the Republican National Committee and President Donald Trump. It was launched to compete with Democrat’s success in online grassroots fundraising with their platform ActBlue. Contributors to the Sessions campaign include: Scott Forney of San Diego, California $5,600. He is the President of General Atomics. John Gearon Jr. of Atlanta, GA $2,800. John is an executive with the Gearson Foundation. Jean Penney $2,600 of Gurley, AL is retired. Steven Thornton $7,600 of Huntsville is the CEO of Monte Sano Research. Susan Braden of Washington D.C. $2 800 is retired. Betty Ann Stedman $5,600 of Houston, TX is an investor. Hans Luquire $5,000 of Montgomery, AL is self employed in the HVAC business. Dr. Carl Gessler Jr. $2600 of Huntsville, AL is a heart specialist. Samuel Zell $2,800 of Chicago, IL is the Chairman of Equity International. Leon Edwards $2,800 of Mountain Brook, AL is the owner of Edwards Chevrolet.

The Alabama Republican Party primary runoff was originally scheduled for March 31, but was moved to July 14 due to fears of the spread of the coronavirus.


The winner of the Republican primary runoff will have just a few short months before going up against incumbent Senator Doug Jones (D-Alabama) in the November 3 general election.

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Hightower criticizes Carl for Washington fundraising event

Brandon Moseley



Republican 1st Congressional District candidate, former State Senator Bill Hightower, R-Mobile, on Tuesday, criticized his opponent, Mobile County Commissioner Jerry Carl, for a recent Washington fundraising event.

“Jerry’s diving headlong into the swamp with D.C. lobbyists, big-spending Republicans and Never Trumpers – he’s already ‘gone Washington’ and he hasn’t won anything yet,” Hightower said. “The choice for Alabama conservatives is clear. I was one of the most conservative state senators when I served in Montgomery and I opposed every tax increase, enraged career politicians when I brought term limits to a vote, blocked the Obamacare expansion, passed the law protecting faith-based adoptions and sponsored the Flat Tax initiative.”

The Hightower campaign claimed that the event was an attempt by Carl “to pay his mounting campaign debt and loans back.” The Hightower campaign accused Carl of “soliciting Washington D.C. lobbyists.”

The virtual event was hosted by Congresswoman Martha Roby, R-Montgomery, whom the Hightower campaign dismissed as “Alabama’s least conservative Republican member of Congress.” She was joined in her support for Carl by Congressman Mike Rogers, R-Saks, whom the Hightower campaign derided as a big spender.

The Hightower campaign said, “Jerry Carl is doing what he has always done: self-proclaiming he is THE conservative candidate to the locals, while he is ingratiating himself with the liberal Republicans and lobbyists in the DC swamp.”

The Hightower campaign slammed Roby for in 2016 calling Donald Trump “unacceptable as a candidate for President” and declaring, “I won’t vote for him.” The Hightower campaign claimed that “Rogers is routinely ranked among the least conservative Republicans in Congress” and stated that his lifetime conservative ranking from Club for Growth is just a 58, the lowest among Alabama Republicans.

Club for Growth has endorsed Hightower.

“Jerry Carl has his sights set on being another big-spending career politician in Washington, but south Alabama deserves a conservative who will stand with President Trump to build the wall, defend the 2nd Amendment, drain the swamp and enact our Make America Great Again agenda,” Hightower said. “Jerry’s endorsed by the D.C. lobbyists and the never-Trumpers, but I’m proud to have the endorsement of conservative champions Ted Cruz and Rick Santorum.”


The Hightower campaign claimed that Roby raised more than $1.6 million from lobbyist directed political action committees in the 2018 election cycle and more than $44,000 directly from lobbyists according to the Center for Responsive Politics which tracks donations to members of Congress.

The Hightower campaign claims that Rogers took more than $815,000 from political action committees and more than $40,000 directly from lobbyists in 2018 and has taken in more than $500,000 so far in 2019-20.

Bill Hightower and Jerry Carl are running in the Republican Party primary runoff on Jul 14. The winner will face the winner of the Democratic Party primary runoff. There James Averhart is running against Kiani Gardner.

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American Workers Coalition endorses Barry Moore in AL-2 race





The American Workers Coalition (AmWorkCo or AWC) announced via Twitter that they have endorsed Enterprise small businessman and former Alabama legislator Barry Moore in the AL-2 congressional race.

AmWorkCo is a non-partisan, non-funded group dedicated to educating U.S. legislators regarding the facts about U.S. STEM Education and Employment and the devastating effects of off-shoring, outsourcing, and the lack of data must stay laws.  A central focus of the group is preserving American jobs for American Workers through visa reform and other legislative changes to remove laws that currently favor foreign workers over Americans.

Barry Moore said in a statement:

“I’m honored to receive the endorsement of the American Workers Coalition.  This group does important work in fighting to correct our dysfunctional visa system that favors foreign workers over Americans.  Our current laws have created situations where Americans were forced to train their foreign-born replacements before being laid off, and that’s not right.  It’s also bad for our economy, our people and our country.

“We have to rebuild our economy, and that means bringing back American jobs and making sure those jobs go to Americans.  As the 2nd District’s Congressman, I’ll do everything I can to support American workers and American businesses.  I refuse to believe that we can’t produce enough qualified workers, especially in the STEM fields, right here at home.

“If we’ve learned anything these last few months, it’s that America has to bring our industry back home.  We cannot allow China or any other country to control the production of those things which we absolutely must-have.  I thank the American Workers Coalition for their efforts in support of the American worker, and I support their # HireAmerican, #BringBackUSAJobs goals.  I look forward to working with them in the next Congress.”

For more information about AmWorkCo, go to To learn more about Barry Moore, his campaign website is, or follow the campaign on Facebook @BarryMooreforCongress.

Barry Moore is a former member of the Alabama House, a Veteran, a small businessman, and a husband and father of four from Enterprise.

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Amid the pandemic, a campaign adapts

Chip Brownlee



He stepped up to the podium, an American flag behind his right shoulder, an Alabama flag to his left. These briefings are much like any other press conference the senator has given since he took office in January 2018, except these are streamed on Facebook Live, and Sen. Doug Jones of Alabama wore a camouflage turkey hunting mask — the same one he’s worn on the floor of the U.S. Senate and in hearings.

He decided to wear it after a turkey hunt with his son and a friend a few weeks ago, with appropriate social-distancing, of course.

“Unfortunately, I think the turkeys were also maintaining social distancing from those who were trying to attract them,” Jones said in an interview. “I just thought, this is kind of nice. Why don’t I just go ahead and wear it? It’s an interesting mask for a southern Democrat.”

Since our interview, Jones has not backed off from his insistence that others wear a mask, too, when in public places. He regularly echoes messages from State Health Officer Dr. Scott Harris, Jefferson County Health Officer Dr. Mark Wilson, Gov. Kay Ivey and even Alabama head football coach Nick Saban, who all have stressed the importance of face coverings.

“There is so much misinformation that’s going on out there,” Jones said. “You know, I just feel like I have an obligation. I’m not a doctor. I’m not a scientist. I’m trying to learn and do the best I can. But for me to do the best I can, I’ve got to learn. I’ve got to listen. I think it’s important for the public to do that as well.”

Since he began the live-streamed press conferences seven weeks ago, they’ve gotten more than 300,000 views and have become a parade of the who’s who of Alabama’s COVID response. Public health experts, local officials, doctors and business leaders have been regular guests. Since the COVID-19 crisis began for Alabama in mid-March, Jones, the state’s junior senator, has been one of the most available and outspoken elected officials in Alabama, even when he’s in Washington. He lets public health experts answer questions. He urges caution.

“My responsibility is to get accurate information out from people who know the science and understand what we’re up against from a science and health standpoint,” Jones said in an interview. “Don’t listen to politicians on either side of the aisle unless they are just parroting what a health care professional says. Listen to science and listen to the data.”

In these briefings, Jones has avoided politics and campaign talk. He rarely casts blame, though he hasn’t been afraid to criticize the Trump administration’s handling of the virus or Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell for “playing politics.”


A first-term Democrat elected in a surprise upset election in 2017, Jones has been walking a line between praising Alabama’s Republican governor for her leadership and criticizing President Donald Trump for what Jones says has been, and continues to be, a lack of leadership from the White House.

But what’s nearly as noticeable is what he has barely mentioned since Alabama confirmed its first case in March: his re-election campaign.

Jones is up for re-election in November as perhaps the most vulnerable incumbent Democrat in the country.

In a normal world, the campaign would be in full swing by now. But in COVID-era Alabama, despite the governor’s easing of restrictions, Jones does not even have an opponent, yet, and the campaign is in partial hibernation as the senator focuses on his work in his official capacity as a senator.

“Everything except fundraising has been on hold,” Jones said. “We’ve done some campaign Zoom, virtual events. But to be honest with you, I’ve been so engaged since March trying to do those things that I think I need to do as a senator, we still are trying to formulate what a campaign looks like going forward.”

Jones has sent a letter to nearly every agency in the federal government, it seems like, over the past month or two — whether it is the USDA, seeking more aid for cattlemen and dairy producers, or with questions about how the USDA is implementing food assistance programs. Or the Treasury, asking that taxpayers receive their relief stimulus payments on debit cards to make it easier and faster. He’s worked with Republicans like Arkansas Sen. Tom Cotton to get those things done.

He’s also pushed for expanded economic relief for small businesses and their employees through his Paycheck Security Act, a refundable tax credit of up to $90,000 annually per employee, to rehire and pay laid off and furloughed workers and restore their health care benefits.

If passed, it would also provide small and mid-sized businesses with funds to pay for rent, mortgages, utilities and other operating costs until they can reopen safely and sales begin to recover.

In the past few weeks, Jones has been pressing hard for a plan to bring health care manufacturing back to America — and to Alabama in particular.

“We’re so dependent on foreign countries — China and other countries — for our personal protective equipment, including for our prescription drugs,” Jones said. “We need to do all that we can to bring that manufacturing home. We should never ever get caught again in regard to a shortage of PPE because we don’t have enough for this country. There’s no reason why we can’t do it.”

Jones proposes using tax incentives for companies that build medical equipment in the U.S., retrain workers for those jobs and encourages companies to restart idle factories to make health care equipment.

“I think we could be the next healthcare manufacturing hub just like we’ve done so well with automobile manufacturing. There’s no question it’s coming,” Jones said. “Now we want Alabama to be on the forefront of that. I want us to be on the cutting edge of that, to be out front and not lose it to some of the other southern states.”

Regardless of who is nominated as the Republican candidate, Jones faces another uphill battle. As much as he is a full-blooded southerner — someone raised in a family that once supported firebrand segregationist Gov. George Wallace, someone who would wear a camo hunting mask to a press conference, someone who frequents deer stands with a rifle in the winter and turkey hunts in the spring — Jones is also a full-blooded Democrat.

He was a prosecutor appointed by President Bill Clinton, and has been a friend and supporter of Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden since the former vice president’s first run for the presidency in the 1980s. In the few years since he took office, Jones has made it a mission to build up the Alabama Democratic Party, which was out of money and without a winning statewide candidate for nearly a decade before his win in 2017.

As much as Jones’s 2017 election — defined by the sexual assault, misconduct and harassment allegations against his opponent former, Alabama Supreme Court Justice Roy Moore — was shrouded in uncertainty and surprise, the 2020 campaign is likely to be even more chaotic in that it will be shrouded by concerns over the novel coronavirus.

Not only is Jones, a moderate Democrat, running for re-election in a red state loyal to Trump, he’s doing so in the middle of a pandemic.

“At this point, we would have thought we would have had an opponent by April 1, and more things would be transitioned over to campaign events,” Jones said. “We’ve just not been able to do that, for obvious reasons. But also, it’s just been extremely busy. I’ve felt like it is part of my job to try to be out there as much as I can to let folks know that we’re working. They don’t want to hear a campaign speech.”

While Jones has been holding weekly briefings, with more time in front of the camera than the state’s governor, his potential opponents have taken to attacking each other in public fashion. Trump has repeatedly waded into the fight.

Jones’s challenger hasn’t been picked yet. The primary runoff that will decide between former Auburn head football coach Tommy Tuberville and former U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions was postponed until July because of concerns over the virus.

While the two are battling over their support for Trump, they’ve largely avoided the topic of the pandemic. Sessions releases statements every few weeks calling for plans to “hold the Communist Chinese Government accountable for its cover-up of the Wuhan Virus” and little else.

Sessions’ feud with Trump and Tuberville, which reached a fever-pitch over the weekend, has grabbed far more headlines than anything Sessions or Tuberville have proposed to address the COVID-19 pandemic and the resulting economic crisis.

Jones said he’s paying little attention to that feud, even when he gets “@-ed” by the president on Twitter. Trump called Jones a “weak & pathetic puppet for Crazy Nancy Pelosi & Cryin’ Chuck Schumer” on Saturday in a tweet bashing Sessions and supporting Tuberville.

“I don’t really pay much attention to Jeff Sessions and Tommy Tuberville at this point,” Jones said. “We had a hell of a record going into February and March of this year. I was very, very proud of the things we’ve done for veterans, things for businesses, things for farmers. But we’ve been able to do things during this pandemic that have been extremely important for the folks in Alabama.”

No matter how the GOP primary turns out, Jones will be facing off against another unknown, as he has so many times before. Sessions, once a favored son, has drawn repeated criticism from Trump for recusing from Special Counsel Robert Mueller’s Russia investigation.

Tuberville has no government experience, though being a football coach might as well be a public office in Alabama.

Despite the virus, Republican campaign groups are beginning to hammer Jones over his support for Biden, and Republicans are banking on picking up Jones’s Senate seat.

Jones said he is confident the voters in Alabama will be able to judge his work separately from the party he is in.

“There are so many things that we have done for so many different groups in Alabama,” Jones said. “I think people are recognizing that all of a sudden, this Democrat who got elected in 2017 is paying attention, and we’ve been there for people. They see what we have done for the last two years, but they also see what we’ve done during this crisis.”

Trump won Alabama by nearly 28 percentage points in 2016, and Jones won by only a razor-thin margin in 2017, despite his opponent being credibly accused of sexual misconduct with women decades his junior. Republicans believe Moore was a particularly terrible general election candidate, and that pretty much any other Republican could beat Jones.

The allegations united a strange and perhaps unprecedented, at least in Alabama’s history, coalition of moderate crossover Republicans and black people, women and young voters who showed up for Jones. Either way, Moore had a history of underperforming in statewide general elections, having come close to losing an election to the Supreme Court in 2012.

But a national crisis is playing into Jones’s strength: handling situations outside of his control. He played the role of the “sane one” in the 2017 special election defined by accusations against his opponent, and he’s likely to be in a similar position again in 2020, regularly putting public health experts front and center while his opponents either avoid the spotlight, try to shift blame overseas or tie Jones to liberal Democrats in Washington.

“I’m not there to have President Trump’s back,” Jones said. “I’m not there to have President Biden’s back. I’m there to have Alabama’s back. And that’s exactly what we’ve been doing and that’s what we’re going to continue to do — doesn’t matter to me how Jeff Sessions or Tommy Tuberville approach what they think needs to be done. I think the people of Alabama want somebody that’s got their back, and not somebody else’s.”

As Jones heads into the 2020 election, he may be largely on his own. The two leading Democratic campaign groups reserved nearly $100 million for the November election in half a dozen states with Republican incumbents, Politico reported. But Jones was left out, and the largest Democratic Senate campaign groups won’t commit to spending big money on his re-election.

But even as those groups won’t commit, Jones is sitting on a war chest that’s nearly 10 times the size of either of his potential opponents. He has nearly $8 million saved up in his campaign account for the upcoming battle.

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