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Hunting hogs, deer over bait now legal in Alabama with purchase of special privilege license


Wednesday, the Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources announced that hunters in Alabama can now hunt white-tailed deer (when in season) and feral pigs with the aid of bait. Alabama allows the killing of feral hogs 365 days a year with no bag limit.

The new baiting privilege licenses have now gone on sale.

The new hunting over bait privileges apply to hunters on privately owned or leased lands. All hunters hunting within 100 years of the bait must have purchased and be in possession of an annual bait privilege license.

ADCNR is charging $15 for resident individual hunters and $51 for non-residents. The new licenses are available anywhere hunting licenses are sold including online at

The Alabama Legislature passed the new legislation in April 2019. The new baiting law applies only to white-tailed deer and feral pigs. Hunting anything else, including waterfowl over bait remains forbidden.

Baiting any wildlife on public lands, including deer and hogs, remains illegal.

Hunters with a valid bait privilege license can begin hunting wild hogs with the aid of bait immediately. Deer season however will not begin for months. The new bait privilege license will expire annually on August 31, so if you buy your bait privilege license now it will have to be renewed before deer season begins.

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There are no exceptions to this. Minors and hunters over 65 must purchase the baiting privilege license in other to hunt white-tailed deer and feral pigs with the aid of bait. If you have a lifetime hunting permit, you still would have to purchase the annual baiting license in order to shoot baited hogs or deer.
ADCNR can end the use of the bait privilege license on a county, regional or statewide basis to prevent the spread of disease among wildlife.

If you do not have a hunting over bait license, you can still be ticketed and fined if you are hunting within 100 yards or within the line of sight of bait, even bait you did not put out or across a property line. The revenue generated by the sale of the new bait privilege license will be federally matched nearly three to one to help support conservation efforts in Alabama.

For more information, contact the Alabama Division of Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries Law Enforcement Section at 334-242-3467.

This has been a wildly controversial issue.

Opponents argued that putting out feed for the deer and then shooting them when they come to eat it is not fair chase and cheapens the skills developed in more traditional methods of hunting.

Supporters argued that neighboring states already allow hunting over bait and point to the growing economic and ecological cost of Alabama’s expanding feral hog herd. The last red wolves in Alabama went extinct in Walker and Colbert counties in the early 1920s and the last eastern cougar anywhere in the world was shot in St. Clair County in 1947, though occasionally there is a sighting of a western mountain lion reported in the state, likely transient. There is no predators capable of controlling the booming wild hog population in Alabama. Sponsors also claim that hunting deer over bait is necessary for older hunters and to get today’s more distracted less patient youth involved in the sport, which will promote tourism and grow the Alabama economy.

This legislation was sponsored by state Senator Jack Williams, R-Wilmer, and carried in the House by state Representative Danny Crawford, R-Athens.

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Hunting over bait licenses expire on August 31 of each year and must be renewed.

Brandon Moseley is a former reporter at the Alabama Political Reporter.

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