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Opinion | The city of Montgomery did not do their research

Glenn Henry



Dear Fellow Montgomery Citizens,

Respectfully, we must have an honest conversation, with ourselves, about the poor leadership coming from, our Mayor and City Council, concerning their unacceptable decision making, regarding the Occupational Taxes.

As a former doctoral- level student in Public Administration; the following is some of my personal research, concerning the State Constitution, current laws and Legislative actions, when in Session.

Due to the Supremacy clause within the state Constitution, a city’s authority and power come from the state constitution, current laws and the Legislature. The Legislature may give power to a City, and it may change, and take away power from a City. House Bill 147, has passed, and it has been signed by Gov. Kay Ivey into a general law, that applies to all Alabama cities, without a current occupational tax, prior to Feb 1, 2020, not just Montgomery.

Mayor Steven Reed recently stated that the City Council 5-3 vote was for Home Rule. The State Constitution, and the Legislature, has not granted Home Rule Charter Status to the City of Montgomery. A city can’t grant the Home Rule Charter status to itself to conduct local affairs by voting 5-3.

Montgomery rushed a vote in the city council 5-3 in favor of implementing an occupational tax. In doing so, the city council conducted many unconstitutional and unlawful acts. Most devastating was not asking the Legislature for permission.

The State Constitution and laws, clearly state, a City municipality, can’t perform those acts, such as voting 5-3, while the Legislature, is in session and in progress. This policy was put in place, so that subordinate power Cities, and municipalities; can’t out maneuver, the superior power Legislature, while conducting its business.

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Additionally, while in Session, after Legislative actions, and decisions have been rendered; to not allow and engage in debate, with the subordinate power City Municipality and City Councils.  If all cities were allowed to vote 5-3, the Legislature wouldn’t be allowed to function, nor conduct its business.

Another unconstitutional and unlawful act, conducted by the City of Montgomery; the State Constitution and current laws, clearly state that a city or municipality, can’t create the same subject matter issues, that are in direct conflict, and inconsistent, with the In-Session State Legislature, and current state laws.

After the Legislature, set the date of Feb 1, 2020, the City of Montgomery voted 5-3, to create an initiative inconsistent, and in opposition to the In-Session Legislature. Montgomery as a Municipal City entity, with subordinate powers, in comparison to a superior power Legislature, they unconstitutionally and unlawfully, voted to make it appear, that they don’t have to get permission from the Legislature.


Unconstitutional and unlawful also, by the City of Montgomery, was when they didn’t wait until three months, after the final adjournment date, of the Legislative Session, to perform their 5-3 vote within the City Council. By the way, as you very well know, the Legislature is currently, still in session.

The City of Montgomery also made an unconstitutional, and unlawful decision, by not advertising to the citizenry, through Public Notice, one day per week, for four consecutive weeks, in the news media, or when cities don’t have newspaper companies, the written notices, must be placed on the front doors of City Hall.

The City of Montgomery made unconstitutional and unlawful decisions, by stating that funds received will go to schools, in which Montgomery doesn’t have a City Public School System. Which is outside the Municipality purview.

The Montgomery Mayor, and City Council Form of Municipal Government, was created through Act 618, in which, doesn’t identify any accountabilities, nor responsibilities, for City, nor County Public Schools.

The Mayor and City Council made another unconstitutional and unlawful decision, by failing to advise the public, and provide the specific purpose, and reason for the Occupational Tax, and the Specific place the money will be spent.

Unconstitutional and unlawful, are the wide range of reasons, for the tax, being given, by the Mayor and City Council; being provided to the citizenry; such as police pay raises, schools, placing two policemen in one car; starting policemen pay at $50,000, for those with a high school diploma, and no college; fire department employees, technology, community centers,  and public safety equipment.

Numerous recent studies, conducted by behavioral scientists, and drug treatment professionals, are indicating, that society is moving into the direction, of placing more of these professionals in communities to help cities; to be most effective. Prison studies, have stated, that placing more police officers on the streets, are not effective; due to the drugs speaking louder than others; to the drug users. Society is moving toward, drug and mental health treatment, rather than locking up the persons in prisons.

The Mayor and the City Council, acted without authority with the 5-3 vote; and the citizenry were deprived of their voting rights; and they were not allowed, to participate in the voting process, through a ballot, with one subject matter item, identified on the voting ballot document.

The Mayor and City Council verbally discussed, through the news media, the aforementioned, 10 subject matter issues, to the public, when only one subject matter issue, may be placed on the voting ballot. One City Council member, even had the cheek, to mention, that if any money, was left over, that they would use the money, somewhere else. GOOD LORD!

The main points are that the City of Montgomery, and its City Council, must follow the State Constitution, current laws and the Legislature, due to the supremacy clause.

The City of Montgomery, did not do their research, nor follow the State Constitution, laws, and the current actions, and laws, of the In-Session State Legislature. The City of Montgomery, has made at least ten, unconstitutional and unlawful violations, in which their own 5-3 vote will not stand, according to the State Constitution, current laws and Legislative actions while in Session.

There have been subtle threats of lawsuits. The City of Montgomery can’t sue every time they lose a battle. Especially, when they shoot themselves in the foot.

Henry is retired from the U.S. Air Force. He has been a high school teacher and university adjunct professor. He had earned numerous IT Cisco certifications. He is a Certified Professional Ethical Hacker. He lives in Montgomery with his wife Teresa.



Guest Columnists

Opinion | On the Nov. 3 ballot, vote “no” on proposed Amendment 1

Chris Christie




On Nov. 3, 2020, all Alabama voters should vote “no” on proposed Amendment 1. Vote no on Amendment 1 because it could allow state law changes to disenfranchise citizens whom the Legislature does not want to vote. Because Amendment 1 has no practical purpose and because it opens the door to mischief, all voters are urged to vote no.

Currently, the Alabama Constitution provides that “Every citizen of the United States…” has the right to vote in the county where the voter resides. Amendment 1 would delete the word “every” before citizen and replace it with “only a” citizen.

In Alabama, the only United States citizens who cannot vote today are most citizens who have been convicted of a felony of moral turpitude. These felonies are specifically identified in Ala. Code 17-3-30.1.

Without Amendment 1, the Alabama Constitution now says who can vote: every citizen. If voters approve Amendment 1, the Alabama Constitution would only identify a group who cannot vote. With Amendment 1, we, the citizens of the United States in Alabama, thus would lose the state constitutional protection of our voting rights.

In Alabama, no individual who is not a United States citizens can vote in a governmental election. So, Amendment 1 has no impact on non-citizens in Alabama.

Perhaps the purpose of Amendment 1 could be to drive voter turnout of those who mistakenly fear non-citizens can vote. The only other purpose for Amendment 1 would be allowing future Alabama state legislation to disenfranchise groups of Alabama citizens whom a majority of the legislature does not want to vote.

In 2020, the ballots in Florida and Colorado have similar amendments on the ballots. As in Alabama, Citizens Voters, Inc., claims it is responsible for putting these amendments on the ballots in those states. While Citizens Voters’ name sounds like it is a good nonprofit, as a 501(c)(4), it has secret political donors. One cannot know who funds Citizen Voters and thus who is behind pushing these amendments with more than $8 million in dark money.

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According to Citizen Voter’s website, the stated reason for Amendment 1 is that some cities in several other states allow non-citizens to vote. My understanding is that such measures are rare and only apply to voting for local school boards.

And why would a local government’s deciding that non-citizens can vote for local school boards be a state constitutional problem? Isn’t the good government practice to allow local control of local issues? And again, this issue does not even exist in Alabama.

The bigger question, which makes Amendment 1’s danger plain to see, is why eliminate the language protectingevery citizen’s right to vote? For example, Amendment 1 could have proposed “Every citizen and only a citizen” instead of deleting “every” when adding “only a” citizen. Why not leave the every citizen language in the Alabama Constitution?


Amendment 1 could allow Alabama new state legislation to disenfranchise some Alabama citizens. Such a change would probably violate federal law. But Alabama has often had voting laws that violated federal law until a lawsuit forced the state of Alabama not to enforce the illegal state voting law.  

The most recent similar law in Alabama might be 2011’s HB56, the anti-immigrant law. Both HB56 and Amendment 1 are Alabama state laws that out-of-state interests pushed on us. And HB56 has been largely blocked by federal courts after expensive lawsuits.

Alabama’s Nov. 3, 2020, ballot will have six constitutional amendments. On almost all ballots, Amendment 1 will be at the bottom right on the first page (front) of the ballot or will be at the top left on the second page (back) of the ballot.

Let’s keep in our state constitution our protection of every voters’ right to vote.

Based on Amendment 1’s having no practical benefit and its opening many opportunities for mischief, all Alabama voters are strongly urged to vote “no” on Amendment 1.

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Guest Columnists

Opinion | Amendment 4 is an opportunity to clean up the Alabama Constitution

Gerald Johnson and John Cochran




The 1901 but current Alabama Constitution has been amended about 950 times, making it by far the world’s longest constitution. The amendments have riddled the Constitution with redundancies while maintaining language and provisions — for example, poll taxes — that reflect the racist intent of those who originally wrote it.

A recompilation will bring order to the amendments and remove obsolete language. While much of this language is no longer valid, the language is still in the document and has been noted and used by other states when competing with Alabama for economic growth opportunities.

The need for recompilation and cleaning of Alabama’s Constitution has been long recognized.

In 2019, the Legislature unanimously adopted legislation, Amendment 4, to provide for its recompilation. Amendment 4 on the Nov. 3 general election ballot will allow the non-partisan Legislative Reference Service to draft a recompiled and cleaned version of the Constitution for submission to the Legislature.

While Amendment 4 prohibits any substantive changes in the Constitution, the LRS will remove duplication, delete no longer legal provisions and racist language, thereby making our Constitution far more easily understood by all Alabama citizens.

Upon approval by the Legislature, the recompiled Constitution will be presented to Alabama voters in November 2022 for ratification.

Amendment 4 authorizes a non-partisan, broadly supported, non-controversial recompilation and much-needed, overdue cleaning up of our Constitution.

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On Nov. 3, 2020, vote “Yes” on Amendment 4 so the work can begin.

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Guest Columnists

Opinion | Auburn Student Center named for Harold Melton, first Auburn SGA president of color

Elizabeth Huntley and James Pratt



Auburn University's Student Center (VIA AUBURN UNIVERSITY)

The year 1987 was a quiet one for elections across America but not at Auburn. That was the year Harold Melton, a student in international studies and Spanish, launched and won a campaign to become the first African American president of the Auburn Student Government Association, winning with more than 65 percent of the vote.

This was just the first of many important roles Harold Melton would play at Auburn and in an extraordinarily successful legal career in his home state of Georgia, where his colleagues on the Georgia Supreme Court elected him as chief justice.

Last week, the Auburn Board of Trustees unanimously named the Auburn student center for Justice Melton, the first building on campus that honors a person of color. The decision was reached as part of a larger effort to demonstrate Auburn’s commitment to diversity and inclusion.

In June, Auburn named two task forces to study diversity and inclusion issues. We co-chair the task force for the Auburn Board with our work taking place concurrently with that of a campus-based task force organized by President Jay Gogue. Other members of the Board task force are retired Army general Lloyd Austin, bank president Bob Dumas, former principal and educator Sarah B. Newton and Alabama Power executive Quentin P. Riggins.

These groups are embarking on a process that offers all Auburn stakeholders a voice, seeking input from students, faculty, staff, alumni, elected officials and more. It will include a fact-based review of Auburn’s past and present, and we will provide specific recommendations for the future.

We are committed to making real progress based on solid facts. Unlike other universities in the state, Auburn has a presence in all 67 counties through the Alabama Cooperative Extension System. Our review has included not only our campuses in Auburn and Montgomery but all properties across our state. To date, we have found no monuments or statues recognizing the history that has divided our country. We will continue our fact-finding mission with input from the academic and research community.

Our university and leadership are committed to doing the right thing, for the right reasons, at the right time. We believe now is the right time, and we are already seeing results.

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In addition to naming the student center for the Honorable Harold Melton, we have taken steps to highlight the significant role played by Harold Franklin, the student who integrated Auburn. We are working to enhance the historical marker that pays tribute to Mr. Franklin, and we are raising its visibility in campus tours as we pay homage to his contributions as our first African American student. Last month, we awarded Mr. Franklin, now 86 and with a Ph.D., a long-overdue master’s degree for the studies he completed at Auburn so many years ago.

We likewise endorsed a student-led initiative creating the National Pan-Hellenic Council Legacy Plaza, which will recognize the contributions of Black Greek organizations and African American culture on our campus.

In the coming months, Auburn men and women will work together to promote inclusion to further enhance our student experience and build on our strength through diversity. The results of this work will be seen and felt throughout the institution in how we recruit our students, provide scholarships and other financial support and ensure a culture of inclusion in all walks of university life.


Our goal is to identify and implement substantive steps that will make a real difference at Auburn, impact our communities and stand the test of time.

Naming the student center for Justice Melton is but one example. In response to this decision, he said, “Auburn University has already given me everything I ever could have hoped for in a university and more. This honor is beyond my furthest imagination.”

Our job as leaders at Auburn is more than honoring the Harold Meltons and Harold Franklins who played a significant role in the history of our university. It is also to create an inclusive environment that serves our student body and to establish a lasting legacy where all members of the Auburn Family reach their fullest potential in their careers and in life.

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Guest Columnists

Opinion | Alabama lags behind the nation in Census participation with deadline nearing

Paul DeMarco




The United States Census is starting to wind down around the country with a Sept. 30 deadline for the national population to be completed. However, a United States District Court has recently ruled that the date may be extended another 30 days to allow more time for the census to take place.

Regardless of the deadline, Alabama has work to do when it comes to the census.

To date, the national average for participation around the country has been almost 65 percent for the census.

Unfortunately, Alabama residents are providing data to the census at a lower percentage, around some 61 percent of the state population.

There is already concern among state leaders that if that number does not reach above 70 percent, then the state will lose a seat in Congress, a vote in the electoral college and millions of federal dollars that come to the state every year.

The percentage of participation has varied widely around the state, from a high of 76 percent in Shelby County to a low of 36 percent in neighboring Coosa County.

State leaders are making a final push to request Alabama residents fill out the census in the last month before it is closed.

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We will find out later this fall if Alabama passes the national average of participation in the census compared to other states to retain both its future representation and share of federal dollars.

In the meantime, Alabamians need to fill out their census forms.

The state is depending on it.


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