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In Case You Missed It

A really big lie

Josh Moon



By Josh Moon
Alabama Political Reporter

The email in my inbox had a subject line that read: “Political Corruption.”

In Alabama, given recent history, that’s an email you open immediately, even if you don’t recognize the sender’s name.

In a well-written, concise email, the sender, Robert Flynn, a retired Vietnam veteran living in Birmingham with his wife, had provided a brief but jaw-dropping account of unthinkable fraud: his daughter, dying of Cancer, had been bilked out of a multi-million-dollar legal settlement by then-Alabama Attorney General Luther Strange and then-Gov. Robert Bentley.

In a phone conversation the next day, Flynn said Strange had come between his daughter, Jenny Cataldo, and her lawsuit payout through a complicated process that occurred when there was an error in the court system’s collection of the payment. Strange had taken the award – some $17 million – with the promise of forwarding it to Cataldo, but three years later, still hadn’t done so.


Flynn said the matter had gone before numerous judges in an attempt to settle this dispute. And over the course of all those hearings, documents had been collected by Cataldo’s attorney, a Birmingham lawyer and family friend named Jamie Moncus. Those documents revealed callous discussions between Bentley and Strange in which they said they could simply wait on Cataldo to die and take her money. There was even an audio recording of Strange admitting that the money was owed to Cataldo.

All the while, Robert Flynn and his wife Sally had been footing the staggering bills for his daughter and her family, burning through nearly a half-million dollars – most of their retirement funds – and only aided by the charity of friends by way of GoFundMe accounts. Flynn was running out of money and options, and Jenny was running out of time. He begged me to call Moncus, to look into his story, to help, as he put it, “get us out of this hell.”

An hour later, Moncus was on the phone, and what we quickly discovered in an odd phone call was that Robert and Sally Flynn had indeed been put through hell, but it wasn’t one created by the greed of politicians. Instead, it had been manufactured by their daughter.

Over the next several days, as we put the pieces together, a clear picture emerged: For nearly seven years, Jenny Cataldo fooled an entire community, along with her parents and closest friends, into believing she was stricken with terminal Cancer. In reality, though, Cataldo used that tale to bilk her parents and dozens of friends, family members and strangers out of nearly a half-million dollars – most of it coming from her parents.

Three weeks ago, fearful of what a person who has been planning her own death for years might do if confronted with such a horrible lie, Moncus and I contacted the Alabama Attorney General’s office and FBI and told them what we’ve found.

On Thursday, Cataldo was arrested at her home in Shelby County by AG’s office investigators following a joint investigation with the FBI and charged with two counts of fraud by deception.

“The investigation of Cataldo centered around her use of two online GoFundMe fundraising campaigns, through which she received more than $38,000 from donors wishing to assist her with medical bills and a family vacation to Disney,” a release from AG’s office said. “The fundraising campaigns identified Cataldo as a terminal Cancer patient. The investigation of Cataldo has uncovered that her claim of having terminal Cancer was in fact not true.”

For now, the charges include only what Cataldo received from GoFundMe campaigns, but they could grow as more people come forward with evidence of private donations. Her parents also have not yet pressed charges, and law enforcement officials believe it’s unlikely that they will.

They also do not believe her parents nor her husband were aware of her scam.

“I can’t understand why she would’ve done it,” Robert Flynn said Thursday afternoon in a phone interview. “I just don’t know what would drive someone to do something like that. And I don’t know how she could keep us fooled for so long.”

The Big Lie

How Cataldo kept her secret so long will likely haunt her parents and those close to her forever, but her trick was one of the oldest in the book: the bigger the lie, the more likely people are to believe.

And Cataldo told some whoppers. Like the one about Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg traveling to Alabama to personally investigate why Cataldo hadn’t received her lawsuit payout.

Or the one about how the decision in her case – a case that landed her in front of the Supreme Court – ended with former House Speaker John Boehner resigning in disgrace.

Or the one about how a retired federal judge – the first black federal judge in Virginia – was so taken with Cataldo and her case after he was appointed by the Supreme Court to hear it that he continued to call and check on Cataldo to this day.

Or the one about how a local TV reporter in Birmingham interviewed her and Moncus outside of the courtroom where a hearing had been held but then refused to air the story because of pressure from Strange and Bentley.

There were, when anyone looks back with the benefit of hindsight, hundreds of clues that would have revealed Cataldo’s secret scheme. But really, who questions a person who says they have Cancer? And even if you did, how far would you go? Would you call her doctors, follow her to appointments, call the police?

“I guess we should have known,” Robert Flynn said. “Looking back, we should have … I don’t know.”

Putting it Together

Figuring out that something was badly off wasn’t as hard for two guys on the outside looking in. Ten minutes into the first phone conversation, as I was asking Moncus about crooked politicians and millions in lawsuit winnings, after a long pause, Moncus said firmly: “I don’t know what you’re talking about.”

From there, it was a matter of hashing the whole thing out: How much of the story is fake? Is she hiding something? Is she scamming people? Are her parents in on it?

One by one, we started knocking down questions and filling in blanks, mostly using common sense and easily searchable public records and social media accounts. And phone calls.

The TV reporter in Birmingham, Pam Huff at ABC 33/40, said she’d never heard of Cataldo. Another attorney, Charles Tyler Clark, the guy allegedly responsible for the $17 million, had never heard of her. (A legal assistant at Clark’s office said they definitely would have held an office party for a $17 million win, and there was no office party.)

Cataldo’s doctors had no records of her. The hospice care had no patient by her name. And there were absolutely no records anywhere of the lawsuits, hearings or court verdicts.

And then there was Cataldo’s alleged illness itself. To say there were issues with her story is an understatement. During a phone interview in early April, Cataldo described to me how it all started.

“Dirty instruments were used to perform a biopsy on me and from that I contracted sepsis in my blood,” Cataldo said. “The sepsis later turned into Cancer. Now, I have three tumors in my brain and 12 tumors in my abdomen. I lost a kidney and the other, the doctor said, is filled with Cancer. I’m on dialysis.”

Of course, little of that is medically possible. But the story, which grew over the years, her mother Sally Flynn said, never raised suspicion. By the end, Cataldo was attending dozens of doctor’s appointments every year, often with Sally Flynn serving as driver.

“I’ve never gone back with her to see the doctor,” Sally said. “I mostly drop her off and let her go. I must seem like an awful mother for not knowing more about my daughter.”

In reality, the Flynns were anything but awful parents. Robert, a disabled veteran who is now confined to a wheelchair, and Sally, a former special education teacher, upended their lives and devoted their life savings to help a daughter who was allegedly sick.

Three years ago, with Cataldo supposedly gravely ill, her husband out of work and their young son at home, Robert and Sally began paying all of the Cataldos’ bills. For more than a year, Sally said, they would drive Jenny each month to their bank and take out enough money to cover her family’s monthly expenses.

“All told, it’s about $465,000 that we’ve paid out over the last three or four years,” Robert Flynn said. “When you take on another family’s entire bills, it adds up fast.”

Their daughter added it up even faster. Sally Flynn said she and her husband also paid for a few “expensive experimental treatment programs” to hopefully cure Cataldo’s non-existent cancer. They weren’t sure of the totals, but Sally said one program in Australia cost more than $13,000.

Crashing Down

For a number of days, Moncus and I considered our best approach for resolving our biggest issue: How to confront Cataldo and inform the Flynns.

Our primary fear was that Cataldo would injure or kill herself and/or others. After all, surely, in a scheme built around her death, she had considered what the end of this would look like.

We considered telling the Flynns – possibly convincing them to come to Moncus’ office in Birmingham. Moncus knew the family well, was best friends growing up with Cataldo’s brother, who recently died.

But no matter our choice, each one left open the very real possibility of disaster and death. So, turning over what we had to the authorities – the professionals who deal with such situations on a daily basis – seemed like the only logical choice.

In a matter of days, AG’s investigators and an FBI agent had confirmed everything we suspected and added actual evidence to back it up. Medical and insurance records they obtained revealed no cancer treatments and none of the associated illnesses.

Following her arrest on Thursday, Cataldo owned up to the fraud, submitting a confession.

“I’m thankful this whole sad chapter is behind me,” Moncus said. “I still love the Flynn family. I love Jenny, and she can come back from this and turn her life around. It won’t be easy, because she has a lot of lost trust to rebuild, but it can be done. She owes it to these people who love her.”


Josh Moon is an investigative reporter and featured columnist at the Alabama Political Reporter with years of political reporting experience in Alabama. You can email him at [email protected] or follow him on Twitter.

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In Case You Missed It

House passes General Fund Budget

Brandon Moseley



By Brandon Moseley
Alabama Political Reporter

The Alabama House of Representatives passed the state General Fund Budget on Tuesday.

The General Fund Budget for the 2019 fiscal year is Senate Bill 178. It is sponsored by Sen. Trip Pittman, R-Montrose. State Rep. Steve Clouse, R-Ozark, carried the budget on the House floor. Clouse chairs the House Ways and Means General Fund Committee.

Clouse said, “Last year we monetized the BP settlement money and held over $97 million to this year.”

Clouse said that the state is still trying to come up with a solution to the federal lawsuit over the state prisons. The Governor’s Office has made some progress after she took over from Gov. Robert Bentley. The supplemental we just passed added $30 million to prisons.


The budget adds $50 million to the Department of Corrections.

Clouse said that the budget increased the money for prisons by $55,680,000 and includes $4.8 million to buy the privately-owned prison facility in Perry County.

Clouse said that the budget raises funding for the judicial system and raises the appropriation for the Forensic Sciences to $11.7 million.

The House passed a committee substitute so the Senate is either going to have to concur with the changes made by the House or a conference committee will have to be appointed. Clouse told reporters that he hoped that it did not have to go to conference.

Clouse said that the budget had added $860,000 to hire more Juvenile Probation Officers. After talking to officials with the court system that was cut in half in the amendment. The amendment also includes some wording the arbiters in the court lawsuit think we need.

The state General Fund Budget, SB178, passed 98-1.

Both budgets have now passed the Alabama House of Representatives.

The 2019 fiscal year begins on Oct. 1, 2018.

In addition to the SGF, the House also passed a supplemental appropriation for the current 2018 budget year. SB175 is also sponsored by Pittman and was carried by Clouse on the floor of the House.

SB175 includes $30 million in additional 2018 money for the Department of Corrections. The Departmental Emergency Fund, the Examiners of Public Accounts, the Insurance Department and Forensic Sciences received additional money.

Clouse said, “We knew dealing with the federal lawsuit was going to be expensive. We are adding $80 million to the Department of Corrections.”

State Representative Johnny Mack Morrow, R-Red Bay, said that state Department of Forensics was cut from $14 million to $9 million. “Why are we adding money for DA and courts if we don’t have money for forensics to provide evidence? if there is any agency in law enforcement or the court system that should be funded it is Forensics.”

The supplemental 2018 appropriation passed 80 to 1.

The House also passed SB203. It was sponsored by Pittman and was carried in the House by State Rep. Ken Johnson, R-Moulton. It raises securities and registration fees for agents and investment advisors. It increases the filing fees for certain management investment companies. Johnson said that those fees had not been adjusted since 2009.

The House also passed SB176, which is an annual appropriation for the Coalition Against Domestic Violence. The bill requires that the agency have an operations plan, audited financial statement, and quarterly and end of year reports. SB176 is sponsored by Pittman and was carried on the House floor by State Rep. Elaine Beech, D-Chatham.

The House passed Senate Bill 185 which gives state employees a cost of living increase in the 2019 budget beginning on October 1. It was sponsored by Sen. Clyde Chambliss, R-Prattville and was being carried on the House floor by state Rep. Dimitri Polizos, R-Montgomery.

Polizos said that this was the first raise for non-education state employees in nine years. It is a 3 percent raise.

SB185 passed 101-0.

Senate Bill 215 gives retired state employees a one time bonus check. SB215 is sponsored by Senator Gerald Dial, R-Lineville, and was carried on the House floor by state Rep. Kerry Rich, R-Guntersville.

Rich said that retired employees will get a bonus $1  for every month that they worked for the state. For employees who retired with 25 years of service that will be a $300 one time bonus. A 20-year retiree would get $240 and a 35-year employee would get $420.

SB215 passed the House 87-0.

The House passed Senate Bill 231, which is the appropriation bill increase amount to the Emergency Forest Fire and Insect and Disease Fund. SB231 is sponsored by Sen. Steve Livingston, R-Scottsboro, and was carried on the House floor by state Rep. Kyle South, R-Fayette.

State Rep. Elaine Beech, D-Chathom, said, “Thank you for bringing this bill my district is full of trees and you never know when a forest fire will hit.

SB231 passed 87-2.

The state of Alabama is unique among the states in that most of the money is earmarked for specific purposes allowing the Legislature little year-to-year flexibility in moving funds around.

The SGF includes appropriations for the Alabama Medicaid Agency, the courts, the Alabama Law Enforcement Agency, the Alabama Department of Corrections, mental health, and most state agencies that are no education related. The Alabama Department of Transportation gets their funding mostly from state fuel taxes.

The Legislature also gives ALEA a portion of the gas taxes. K-12 education, the two year college system, and all the universities get their state support from the education trust fund (ETF) budget. There are also billions of dollars in revenue that are earmarked for a variety of purposes that does not show up in the SGF or ETF budgets.

Examples of that include the Public Service Commission, which collects utility taxes from the industries that it regulates. The PSC is supported entirely by its own revenue streams and contributes $13 million to the SGF. The Secretary of State’s Office is entirely funded by its corporate filing and other fees and gets no SGF appropriation.

Clouse warned reporters that part of the reason this budget had so much money was due to the BP oil spill settlement that provided money for the 2018 budget and $97 million for the 2019 budget. Clouse said they elected to make a $13 million repayment to the Alabama Trust fund that was not due until 2020 but that is all that was held over for 2020.

Clouse predicted that the Legislature will have to make some hard decisions about revenue in next year’s session.


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In Case You Missed It

Day Care bill delayed for second time on Senate floor, may be back Thursday

Sam Mattison



By Samuel Mattison
Alabama Political Reporter

The day care bill, which would license certain day care centers in Alabama, was once again delayed on the state Senate floor after one lawmaker requested more information.

Its brief appearance Tuesday ended with state Sen. Gerald Dial, R-Lineville, saying a compromise had not yet been worked out with the bill’s detractors.

Alabama’s Senate has been hesitant to act on the legislation because of complaints of state Sen. Shay Shelnutt, R-Trussville, who has been an opponent of the bill since its introduction last year. The bill’s delay on Tuesday marks the second time its been taken off the Senate’s agenda.

The bill has had a rocky time in this year’s session, but the bill’s sponsor state Rep. Pebblin Warren, D-Tuskegee, said she is still confident about its passage out of the Legislature.


Warren, D-Tuskegee, filed the bill this session with the support of influential lawmakers including Gov. Kay Ivey, who told reporters last year that she though all day cares should be licensed.

Mainly sparked by the death of 5-year-old boy in the care of a unlicensed day care worker, the bill had great momentum coming into this year’ session.

Despite the growing support from lawmakers, Religious groups had concerns that the bill would increase state-sponsored reach into religious day cares in churches and non-profit groups.

Spearheading the dissenters was Alabama Citizens Action Program, a conservative religious-based PAC.

Warren, proponents, and ALCAP announced a compromise to the bill while it was still in the Alabama House.

Announced by ALCAP originally, the new bill was a weaker version in that it did not require that all day cares in the state be regulated. Instead, religious-based day cares would only need to be registered if they received federal funds. At a Senate committee meeting in February, Warren said a similar requirement was about to come from federal law in Congress.

The bill moved through the House in a overwhelming vote in favor of the proposal and passed unanimously out of a Senate committee a few weeks ago.

Warren, speaking to reporters after its passage from the House, said she was unsure if the bill would encounter resistance in the upper chamber.

It was the Senate that killed the daycare bill last year amid a cramped last day where senators took the bill off the floor. The bill may face similar complications this year, as lawmakers seem to be preparing to adjourn within a few weeks.

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In Case You Missed It

Fantasy sports bill fails on Senate floor

Sam Mattison



By Samuel Mattison
Alabama Political Reporter

Would-be Fantasy Sports players in Alabama will have to wait to legally play in the state following a Senate vote on Tuesday.

The Alabama Senate decisively killed a bill to exempt fantasy sports from the state’s prohibition on gambling.

Not even entertaining a debate on the Senate floor, the proposal was killed during a vote for the Budget Isolation Resolution, which is usually a formality vote preluding a debate.

Fantasy sports are contests where participants select players from real teams to compete on fantasy teams using the real-world players’ stats.


Since 2016, the practice has been illegal in Alabama following a legal decision by the Attorney General’s Office that categorized it as gambling.

The bill’s sponsor, state Sen. Paul Sanford, R-Huntsville, predicted the bill’s failure during a committee meeting two weeks ago, where the bill passed unanimously.

Sen. Paul Sanford speaks to reporters after a Senate Committee meeting on Feb. 28, 2018. (Samuel Mattison/APR)

Speaking to reporter’s after the committee meeting, Sanford said the decision to file the bill was mainly a philosophical belief that the practice shouldn’t be illegal.

Sanford, a fantasy sports player before its ban, said that fantasy sports are a way to bring people closer together and not a means to win money. The Huntsville senator is not seeking re-election.

The bill’s failure in the Senate follows its trajectory last year too. A similar version of the bill, also sponsored by Sanford, failed in the Senate during the final days of the 2017 Legislative Session.

Since Sanford is retiring, it is unclear if the bill will even come back next session, or if it will even have a Senate sponsor.

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In Case You Missed It

House OKs bill to clarify consulting contracts by state legislators

Brandon Moseley



By Brandon Moseley
Alabama Political Reporter

Tuesday, the Alabama House of Representatives passed a bill to try to clarify how legislators accept consulting contracts under Alabama’s 2010 ethics law. Some pundits have suggested that House Bill 387 is actually designed to weaken the existing ethics law.

Sponsor state Rep. Rich Wingo, R-Tuscaloosa, argues that the legislation is merely a clarification and is intended to prevent legislators from inadvertently crossing the line into illegality.

Wingo said that his bill would require legislators to notify the Alabama Ethics Commission that they have entered into a consulting agreement in an area outside of their normal scope of work.

State Rep. Paul Beckman, R-Prattville, said, “I have never understood why members of this body were allowed to take contracts as consultants or counselors.”


Wingo said, “Never do I use the word counselor in my bill; it is consulting.”

Beckman asked, “Are we going to be getting into an area where  every time we turn around we create a bureaucratic nightmare where we have to go get an opinion. These opinions whether it is orally or written don’t hold up in a court of law.” Beckman said, “We are serving the people here but we get this admonition that we can still be a consultant if we get an opinion.”

Wingo said, “This does not apply to professions where a member is currently licensed.”

Beckman said, “I would like to see more opinions coming out of the Ethics Commission. Right now we have the Ethics Commission competing with the Attorney General’s office over who has more authority.”

State Rep. John Rogers, D-Birmingham, said,”This happened to a friend of mine. He just got out of prison. He was a state senator and had a written letter from the Ethics Commission which his lawyer read at trial and the jury convicted him anyway.”

Rogers never named his friend, but reporters think he was talking about former state Sen. Edward Browning ‘E. B.’ McClain who spent over 22 years in the legislature until he was convicted on 47 counts of conspiracy, mail fraud, bribery, and money laundry in 2009.

A federal jury found that McClain and the Rev. Samuel Pettagrue were guilty in a scheme where McClain would secure public funds for Pettagrue’s community programs and then receive a kickback once the funds were in hand. McClain was sentenced to five years and ten months in prison. McClain was not prosecuted under the Alabama ethics law as the state has a much weaker ethics statute then. The current ethics law was passed in 2010.

Rogers said, “If they offer me a consulting contract for a field like aerospace engineering that I know nothing about they are trying to pay me off. If you can already be a consultant for something you know about why would you seek a consulting contract for something you don’t know about.

Rogers this is how they can pay you off for your vote.”

State Rep. Artis “A.J.” McCampbell said, “I don’t like making changes to things like this because we get into things called unintended consequences.”

McCampbell was reading from the bill and Wingo said, “You are reading from the original version it has completely changed.” “We worked tirelessly on this bill with the Ethics Commission this is not a fly by night bill.”

“If a member of the legislature enters into a contract to do a consulting contract outside of their normal field of work this bill requires that they consult with the Ethics Commission first,” Wingo said. “It is up to the member to notify the Ethics Commission not to the company or person offering them the money.”

State Representative Pebblin Warren, D-Tuskegee, said, “Everybody but legislators are allowed to do contract work up to $30,000.”

Rep. Wingo said, “This is not intended to be a roadblock.”

State Representative Arnold Mooney, R-Indian Springs, said, “The whole purpose of this is not to prevent members from doing work in your field.” “What you are doing is offering to protect me.”

State Representative John Knight, D-Montgomery, asked Wingo what the Alabama Attorney General said about this legislation.

Wingo replied, “I have not contacted the Attorney General.”

Knight responded, “Something from the Ethics Commission does not carry a lot of protection from the Attorney General. We have seen that in the past. I think the Attorney General and the Ethics Commission should be in agreement in the working on this.”

Wingo answered, “Maybe this is a first step.”

Rep. Laura Hall, D-Huntsville, asked, “Do we have anybody doing work outside of their regular scope of work?”

Wingo answered, “Yes I think so.”

Wingo said, “If we had had this bill four or five years ago maybe we could have been spared the embarrassment that this body experienced with the former Speaker.”

Wingo was referring to former Speaker of the House Mike Hubbard who was convicted of 12 counts of felony ethics violations in June 2016. Ironically, Hubbard is largely responsible for creating the ethics law that he was found guilty of violating 11 times in his relentless pursuit of outside contracts and personal wealth.

Unlike McClain, however, Hubbard has not yet served any of this sentence.

House Bill 387 passed 67-0 with 26 legislators abstaining.

The bill now moves to the Senate for its consideration.

(Original reporting by the Alabama Media Group’s Lisa Osborn in 2009 was consulted in this report.)

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A really big lie

by Josh Moon Read Time: 9 min