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Dr. Prevatt Says Cattle Prices Could be Slightly Lower in 2013

Brandon Moseley

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By Brandon Moseley
Alabama Political Reporter

Auburn University Agriculture Economics Professor Walt Prevatt addressed the membership of the Alabama Cattlemen’s Association about the outlook for cattle prices in 2013 at their 70th annual convention in Birmingham.
Prevatt said that the stock market is rosy because of U.S. monetary policy.  The Federal Reserve has been printing money which has influenced the Dow Jones.

Dr. Prevatt said that the U.S. has seen a downward trend in unemployment, but that 7.6% unemployment is still high.  Another 7-8% of the population has quit looking for work.  Dr. Prevatt said that he was hopeful that the U.S. government would get more focused on job creation, but that he was not optimistic.

Prevatt said that beef is the preferred meat of choice; but that beef demand is hurt when consumers have limited incomes.  Prevatt said that the U.S. Senate passed a $trillion in tax increases that night, but he did not expect that to pass the Congress.  Prevatt said, “I am concerned about additional taxes we may see in the future.”  The combination of increasing taxes which reduce disposable incomes and a still weak employment will likely mean that consumers could have less discretionary income for steaks this year.  “I am real concerned about demand.”  “We need more people employed.”

Dr. Prevatt said that the growth of the money supply is moving the economic numbers.  Prevatt said that overall he expect that we are going to continue to see the same rate of growth and the same monetary policy.

Prevatt said that total meat consumption per consumer has been dropping for the last several years due to an aging population.  The amount of beef that the average American eats has been declining since the 1970s.  Turkey consumption is flat and per capita chicken consumption has been down since 2004.  “Consumers are not spending as much on meat.”  People are making different choices and choosing to spend their money on things like cell phones.
Choice beef prices have climbed to 530 cents a pound up from 290 cents in 2000.  The restaurant business dropped during the Recession; but demand for ground beef rose as steak demand weakened.  The steak demand came back strong last year.  “Export demand outlook looks good.”  Beef exports have risen to 2.3 billion pounds after it crashed during the mad cow disease scare and the value of that beef has risen to $5.5 billion in exports.

Prevatt said that Japan has opportunity of improvement in the amount of American beef that they concern, but he is not optimistic about the Mexican market.  The U.S. is getting competition from New Zealand.  “Right now New Zealand is putting an awful lot of product on the market.”  Beef exports to Russia, Mexico, and Vietnam are all down, but total exports are up because the currency exchange rate is favorable due to U.S. monetary policy.  “I don’t fully understand what the government is doing.” Prevatt said that the weak dollar helps us with our exports and decreases imports.  “The weak dollar has really helped us with beef exports.  If you strengthen the dollar you will reduce the amount of product we are shipping.”

The declining number of American cows also means higher beef prices.  Prevatt said there just is not as many cattle any more.  There were 30.9 million cows in 2011.  That dropped to 30.2 million in 2012 and is down to just 29.3 million in 2013.  There were 46 million American beef cows in 1975.

Prevatt said that declining cattle inventories are not just profitability driven but is also limited by available land resources.  Prevatt said that a lot of that land has been plowed up and turned into cropland, planted in pine trees, or sold as rural home sites.  Prevatt said that the U.S. has lost a half million head of beef cattle just since 2010.  “We are going to have to retool and hold some replacement heifers back,” to replace their aging mothers.  Prevatt said that we will see a significant increase in prices in this market when those heifers are retained to become cows instead of sold to the feedlots for the beef market.

Prevatt said that the U.S. is importing up to 1.4 million head of live cattle from Mexico and another 700,000 head from Canada.  The industry is also making up for the declining cattle numbers by growing out the cattle longer so that they are harvested at much higher carcass weights.  In recent years, the hot carcass weight (the weight of the carcass shortly after the head, hide, blood, hooves, stomach contents, and organs are all removed) has climbed to 880 pounds….up from 830 pounds just a few years ago.  It was 475 pounds in 1975, but the genetics of the cow herd have changed substantially since then too larger, growthier animals.

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Prevatt said. “I think you are going to see less supply in 2013.”  Dr. Prevatt is also predicting weaker demand so cattlemen could see slightly lower prices in 2013 than they received in 2012.

Another large factor to consider is the price of grains especially corn and soybeans.  Alabama cattle are born on the farm and grow up on pasture eating a forage based diet.  However since the American consumer prefers the flavor of grain fed beef, those half grown calves travel to the west where they are ‘finished’ on grain in feedlots.  When the cost of grain is up those feedlots pay less for the Alabama calves.  For the last few years grain prices have been up as more grain production went into ethanol production.

Corn has traded as high in some places as $7; but the futures price has recently dropped from $6.60 a bushel to $5.65 a bushel.  Prevatt said that he is hoping that 99 million acres of corn is planted in this country this year.  If that happens and there is a strong harvest Prevatt said some experts have predicted corn trading in the $4s; but much of this year’s corn crop is already pre-sold at the higher prices.  Prevatt however warned that Kansas, South Dakota, Nebraska, Colorado, and many of those other states have been unusually dry this winter.  If they don’t get enough moisture less acreage will be planted, harvests will be lower, grain prices will be up, and the sell prices of those calves could drop when they go to market as the feedlots are forced to pay more for the available feed grains.

Prevatt said that the cost of breakeven per calf for the Alabama cattlemen was based on the cost of hay and feed to get the cows through the winter months, the cost of fuel and fertilizer used to grow the hay and pastures, the percentage of cows who successfully raise a calve each year, and the weight and sell price of those calves.  Prevatt said that ranchers with costs of less than $500 per cow, a 90% calf weaning rate, and weaning weights in excess of 600 pounds are likely to do well financially.  Ranchers with production cost of greater than $600 per cow need greater production levels and higher cattle prices for them to breakeven.  If productions costs are higher than $700 per cow, the rancher will make money only in the best possible combination of production and high prices.
Prevatt said that cattlemen have to look at seasonal price trends to make purchases of commodities like feed grains.  ”Where we can, join with neighbors to buy in bulk.  “That corn production we have been banking on may not materialize.”  Prevatt said that average annual temperatures have been increasing since the mid 1990s, which if it continues potentially could lead to more frequent droughts.  “We are not going to see the cheap feedstuffs we have seen in years past.”  Prevatt said many cattlemen in Alabama need to decrease their stocking rates so that they have to purchase less grains to supplement their cows in droughts and winter.  Prevatt told the cattlemen, “If you are currently profitable now is the time to grow your operation.”

Dr. Prevatt predicted that finished 2013 Choice Steers would trade out of the feedlot for$1.20  to $1.30 a pound (~$1750 per head).  750 pound feeder steers in Alabama should trade for $1.20 to 1.36 a pound this year (~$960 per animal).  550 pound weaned steers should trade for $1.38 to $1.50 per pound ($792 per calf).  Cull cows sold for utility meat should trade between $.73 and $81 per pound ($847 for the typical ~10 year old 1100 pound cow).  Dr. Prevatt said that some cattlemen might benefit from locking into the futures prices now rather than waiting to sell their calf crop on the cash market in the fall.

Brandon Moseley is a senior reporter with eight and a half years at Alabama Political Reporter. You can email him at [email protected] or follow him on Facebook. Brandon is a native of Moody, Alabama, a graduate of Auburn University, and a seventh generation Alabamian.

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Bill Britt

Opinion | Clorox, anyone?

There is no comprehensive plan on how to hold the upcoming legislative session safely — not even a rudimentary one.

Bill Britt

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(STOCK PHOTO)

In less than 100 days, the state Legislature will return to Montgomery for the 2021 Legislative Session. As of now, there is no comprehensive plan on how to hold the session safely — not even a rudimentary one.

But perhaps there is a reason to keep the statehouse shuttered as the Legislature seems to have forgotten the governing principles that the nation was built upon, and (hint, hint) it was never a slogan.

One individual at the Statehouse said that there would be a vaccine by February, so why worry about holding Session as usual. Perhaps this individual also believes that a disinfectant cure or a UV light remedy is right around the corner. News flash, as of press time, intravenous Clorox and lightbulb suppositories are still in phase one trials.

Pandemic humor aside, the surprising thing would be if the Legislature actually had a plan at all.

There have been rumors of a plan, even mentions of one, too, but nothing that would allow lawmakers, lobbyists and the public to realistically gather to conduct the peoples’ business in a relatively COVID-free environment.

We all want a miracle, but miracles are outside legislative purview, and while prayer is needed at the Statehouse, so is commonsense and a plan.

One plan in consideration is to limit the number of people who can enter the building. That’s a bad idea because the public has a right to witness government action and advocate for causes.

At the end of the truncated 2020 session, the Legislature curtailed the number of people in the Statehouse, which violates the law and good government spirit.

Lawmakers come to Montgomery to do the peoples’ business — at least that’s what they say at campaign events and pancake breakfasts. Of course, they don’t really conduct the people’s business in Montgomery. That’s just a figure of speech.

Legislators represent the people when they are running for office or giving chats at Rotary, but when most — not all — enter the Statehouse, they work for special interests.

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Yes, some do care, and all are convinced they are doing a great job, but just like the plan to open the Statehouse safely on Feb. 3, it’s sadly an absurd pretense.

The majority of the Legislature consists of Republicans, who used to have a firm sense of what the party represented. While I hate to offend my many friends, the current party couldn’t find the most defining principles of traditional governance in our nation if you gave them a GPS and a flashlight.

Let me humbly run down a short list of things that should matter in no particular order.

For the list, I will turn to the 2006 book American Conservatism: An Encyclopedia: “Classical liberalism is the term used to designate the ideology advocating private property, an unhampered market economy, the rule of law, constitutional guarantees of freedom of religion and the press, and international peace based on free trade.”

Classical liberalism has nothing to do with modern liberalism and everything to do with our Republic’s founding. Classical liberalism underpins the Constitution’s foundation, Federalist Papers and the vast majority of the founding generation’s ideology, which created our nation’s governing structure.

Private property rights are fundamental to what Jefferson called the pursuit of happiness.

And guess what is an individual’s most precious piece of property? Their person. Yes, a person’s body and mind are an individual’s greatest possession. A person’s right to live freely with only a minimum amount of government intrusion is essential to happiness. The government’s job is not to tell us how to live, rather keep others from harming us, killing us or taking our stuff.

Every year Montgomery seems intent on an ever-expanding agenda to meddle in people’s private lives.

Real estate and other property is significant but can’t be thoroughly enjoyed if we are dead or in chains designed by the good intentions of the Legislature. Lawmakers are not to be the central planning committee for the soul.

The government should promote a relatively unhampered market economy. Tariffs anyone? Trade wars? No one wins a trade war. Everyone loses. Winning simply means the other side lost more or gives up. It’s like a bar fight. Nobody wins it because everyone gets beaten up — but one got it worse.

How about the rule of law? I hear it talked about a lot, but the law must be just for everyone. If the law is applied unequally, is it really the law?

We hear a lot about Second Amendment rights as if that’s the big one. But what about freedom of the press? Is that less important? As the nation’s second president John Adams said, “Without the pen of Paine, the sword of Washington would have been wielded in vain.”

The press is not the enemy of the people. Is there bias? Sometimes. Is there poor reporting? On occasion. But the real enemy are the politicians who defame or attempt to delegitimize the media for not supporting their political agenda. An AR-15 can be coercive but have a free county without a free press in impossible.

Freedom of religion is also paramount to our nation’s principles as free people have a right to worship without government interference or mandate. But believe me, some religious leaders would see a government-imposed religion as long as it’s the one they like. I often wonder, does religion require a strong man or strong faith? Today it’s hard to tell. Like all rights, if you take away the freedom to worship or not, and the whole system of liberty fails.

Last but not least, international peace based on free trade: If a nation is making money by trading with another country, it doesn’t have a good reason to bomb it. Likewise, the bounds of capital are generally stronger than political ideology. Money may not make the world go ’round, but a lack of it sure can unleash terrible conflict.

After this exercise in futility, I’ve decided I’m glad the Legislature doesn’t have a plan to open the 2021 session. Why bother? Because the very ideals that genuinely make life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness a reality are the ones at greatest risk of being trampled upon by the Legislature.

Clorox anyone?

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Crime

Opinion | A gruesome murder should point Montgomery in a new direction

The city didn’t arrive overnight at a place where 16-year-old girls are drinking smoothies after a gruesome murder, and the road out of it won’t be a short one either.

Josh Moon

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Montgomery's skyline (STOCK PHOTO)

The facts of 17-year-old Luna Pantaleon’s death are hard to stomach. The Montgomery teen was beaten with a metal pole and left to drown in a ditch. Her face was so badly beaten, with so many facial fractures, that the exact cause of her death couldn’t immediately be identified.

Her alleged killers are three 16-year-old girls. They reportedly went to McDonald’s after the murder and had smoothies. 

Those details were provided during a court hearing on Wednesday as reported by the Montgomery Advertiser. They are enough to cause you to pause while reading to take a deep breath. But these details are not the only ones that should get attention. 

The testimony of a Montgomery police detective who investigated the crime, and who interviewed the three girls who have essentially admitted to the crime, provided other disturbing details that paint a picture of the lives of Montgomery’s underprivileged youth — lives filled with violence and firearms, with late-night fights and “hits” put out on houses by 10th graders. 

This reality for many young people in Montgomery isn’t exactly a hidden secret. 

I can’t tell you the number of homeless teenagers I spoke with or tried to help while in Montgomery. I can’t tell you the number of conversations I had with middle schoolers who were in gangs, and who spoke openly about carrying handguns and other semi-automatic weapons. 

Don’t get me wrong. Montgomery is not the wild west, and every poor, Black person in the city isn’t part of a gang or spending their nights shooting at each other. 

But there is a level of violence and bad behavior that is growing and taking root in many communities. And it is happening because too many young people in those communities see no other viable alternatives. 

A never ending cycle of poverty and despair — a cycle that has lasted, in some cases, for multiple generations — has left them turning to other means of getting by, of finding love and acceptance, of finding guidance no matter how misguided that guidance might be. 

And every bit of it can be traced back to one problem: education. Or, in Montgomery’s case, the lack of it. 

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Segregation was common in all of Alabama in the 1950s and ’60s, but few cities in America clung to it as tightly as Montgomery did. When the Brown v. Board decision came down, private schools in Montgomery started to pop up — at one point a record number of them. And as the population grew, so too did the cities and the school systems surrounding Montgomery. 

In 2020, Montgomery’s private schools are more than 90 percent white. Montgomery’s public schools are more than 95 percent Black. Those numbers have not changed much over the years. 

But even more problematic is that Montgomery’s public schools are also serving a disproportionate amount of low-income students. That most of the poor people in Montgomery happen to be Black is a simple byproduct of the racism that saw Black citizens denied work, denied decent business loans, denied home loans for certain areas and denied acceptance into most state universities. 

And having a high number of low-income students means fewer resources, fewer involved parents and more students who struggle through no fault of their own, because working parents weren’t home to help with homework, or they don’t have internet service. It goes on and on and on.

Now, repeat those problems for a few generations. And, well, you get the idea. 

Exacerbating the problem for Montgomery, though, is a screwed up funding structure that has left its schools funded at the state’s lowest allowable levels. There will be an opportunity for Montgomery residents to fix that during Tuesday’s election by voting to increase property tax rates in the county. 

It is money that is desperately needed. But that money alone will not solve the issues. Because we’re way too far down the line at this point for a few dollars to fix what’s broken in Montgomery. 

It’s going to take the entire community putting aside their differences and their finger-pointing and their hate and actually working towards solving the problems, instead of just constantly pointing them out. It’s going to require a bunch of people to stop believing that skin color somehow makes a child less worthy of a quality education or more likely to be a criminal.

Mayor Steven Reed and several others have done a remarkable job to this point bringing together groups of people who have historically opposed any tax increases for the schools. He’s going to have to build on that goodwill going forward. 

Because while more money will certainly make a difference, it won’t put a parent in place. It won’t assure kids are getting quality medical care and mental health care. It won’t put food on the table at night or turn the broadband on. 

There will need to be more education options opened up for adults. There will need to be more comprehensive options available in some communities. This will take time and money, and it won’t be easy.

But here’s the one thing I know: the overwhelming majority of people in this world, and in Montgomery, want to succeed. They want to take care of themselves and their children. They want their kids to receive a decent education. They want a good job and to pay their bills and sleep easy at night. 

If you show them a pathway to such a life, they will take it. 

The city didn’t arrive overnight at a place where 16-year-old girls are drinking smoothies after a gruesome murder, and the road out of it won’t be a short one either. But passing this tax increase, and the community-wide dedication to this cause that it represents, is a damn fine start.

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Elections

Sen. Doug Jones addresses Auburn students

Republican Tommy Tuberville was also invited to participate, but declined.

Brandon Moseley

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Sen. Doug Jones at a forum at Auburn University.

Incumbent U.S. Sen. Doug Jones, D-Alabama, addressed Auburn University students at a forum on the university’s campus on Wednesday.

“I am a Democratic candidate, but I am an Alabama senator, and that is what I have tried to be since I have been here,” Jones said. “I promised I would work across the aisle.”

Jones said that he has sponsored 22 bipartisan bills that have been signed by President Donald Trump.

Jones and his Republican opponent, Tommy Tuberville, were both invited to address the Auburn College Democrats and the Auburn College Republicans in what the two college groups hoped would have been a debate between the two Senate candidates, but Tuberville declined to participate.

“I really appreciate the Auburn College Democrats and especially the Auburn College Republicans for inviting me,” Jones said. “I am disappointed that Tommy Tuberville is not here. I think it is important that people see two candidates side by side answering the same questions.”

“What you are seeing in the ads that are attacking me are simply not true,” Jones said.

Jones said that he does not support defunding the police, taking guns from Americans who like to hunt, and he does not favor abortion all the way to the point of birth.

“I have been a strong advocate for our military,” Jones said. “I have been a strong advocate for farmers. Even though I do not serve on the Agriculture Committee, I have done more for Alabama farmers than any senator has done since Howell Heflin, who was on the Agriculture Committee.”

The students asked Jones what he thought his greatest accomplishment in the Senate was.

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“That would be ending the Military Widow’s Tax,” Jones said.

Jones explained that the Military Widows tax only affects about 2,000 people In Alabama, but it is a big deal for those military families. When a serviceman is killed, the Pentagon pays a stipend to the surviving spouse. Many soldiers also purchased insurance for the possibility that they would not survive their service.

Instead of paying both the survivor’s benefit and the insurance benefit, the VA previously subtracted the insurance benefit from the VA death stipend. The widows were only getting about 55 cents on the dollar of what they had expected. Every year, the Gold Star wives came to Washington and asked for that change in the law, and every year, Senators would pat them on the back and then choose finances over repealing the tax and doing what was right, Jones said.

For 27 years, the Gold Star widows had made this a priority and nothing got done. Jones did not know about this until he got to the Senate, but when he found out, he reached across the aisle and sponsored a bill with Republican Sen. Susan Collins of Maine to end the tax.

Eventually the bill had 82 co-sponsors, and it got passed.

“It is not the voting rights act, it is not the civil rights act, but for those widows, it meant $1,200 a month,” Jones said.

The students also asked Jones what his greatest mistake was.

“Voting for Bill Barr,” Jones said on confirming William Barr as Trump’s attorney general. “I was so disappointed. I feel sorry for Jeff Sessions. I disagree with him on a number of policy issues, but I don’t think that he deserved the hits he was taking. I knew Bill Barr from his previous service. I thought he would be an independent voice, and he hasn’t.”

“I voted on the best information I had, and I was wrong on Barr,” Jones said. “I can defend every vote that I made. What I do in the United Senate is not about politics it is about service.”

Jones was asked if he favored ending the filibuster when Democrats win control of the Senate.

“No, I have too much respect for the Senate,” Jones said. “I don’t think Joe Biden will do that — at least he won’t start that way. He has too much respect for the history of the Senate as an institution. I want to try to get the Senate back to the way it was.”

The students asked if he favored the Democrats using their new power to adjust the number of judges on the Supreme Court.

“Nope,” Jones replied. “This goes back to the filibuster. We can’t start tearing down institutions because we don’t like some decision they make.”

Jones said that many Americans wanted to do the same thing when the court seemed to liberal with the Warren Court in the 1960s.

“Right now packing the court is not something I would be in favor of,” Jones added. “At the end of the day, you never know what is going to happen.”

“We always talk about I just want the courts to call balls and strikes, but it is not a baseball game,” Jones said. “Intelligent people disagree about the law and the rule of law.”

“The goal is to find common ground,” Jones said. “Frankly, Tommy Tuberville cannot do that. A football coach is trained to beat the other side — not work with them. On the radio, he calls them communists and socialists. I have two and a half years of working with them. He can’t do it. It is not about good and evil, and we need to stop thinking in those terms.”

The students asked if farmers should be given some relief from new regulations on the environment.

“I have been a huge proponent of agriculture,” Jones said. “The current USDA has been helping the biggest farmers and not Alabama farmers. The tariff wars hurt the Alabama farmer.”

“It is going to be a challenge to work it out,” Jones said. “It is in their best interests that we do something about the climate. I believe the science and so do farmers.”

Jones urged everyone to have faith in scientists.

“Trust them please,” Jones said. “One of the most frustrating things I see these days — and we see it in climate and I see it in the pandemic — is that we have got to trust our scientists.”

Jones said that is true of both the climate and the coronavirus pandemic.

“I have consistently said don’t believe what politicians say about this pandemic not unless they are repeating what the scientists say,” Jones said. “This next six months could very well be worse than the past six months.”

“We have got to trust them,” Jones said of the scientists. “If the doctors at the FDA approve the vaccine, I will trust the vaccine. We need to listen to the scientists at the FDA, the CDC, the NIH, at UAB, and what the companies say about the vaccine.”

Jones was asked what could be done to prevent Russia, China and Iran from interfering in our elections.

“We have the technology to do it, we have the will to do it, but we need an administration who will do it, and If you think I am knocking the Trump Administration, I am,” Jones said.

Jones was asked how we can move beyond partisanship.

“It is a lot more partisan outside of D.C. than in D.C.” Jones said. “People vote for partisanship. It is your vote that will change it. Your generation can change it. You need to tell your leaders that we want to hear issues, we want to hear politics.”

Jones said that he favored delisting marijuana from the banned drug list and making it legal for people with legal marijuana to cross state lines without going to jail for it. Jones was asked what we can do to fight the opioid crisis.

“We can’t prosecute your way out of it, though there is a role there with the prosecution of doctors for running pill mills,” Jones said. The civil lawsuits against drug manufacturers is a start, he said, and leaders need to be doing a better job of educating people. Mental healths should also be a priority, he said.

“There is a reason that people have to stand up and say ‘Black lives matter,’” Jones said, saying that too many Black people, particularly Black men, are killed by police.

On trade, Jones said that he is not an isolationist. “We (Alabama) need those foreign markets. We are an exporting state. We are the third largest exporter of automobiles in the country.”

Students asked Jones if he favored repealing the Patriot Act.

“I don’t think that is going to come up,” Jones said. “When it comes up for renewal, we will tweak it. I have had concerns about it, but at the end of the day that is something that we have to constantly monitor. We will not repeal it.”

Jones predicted that debate on health care will “dominate the next Congress.”

“I am very concerned about what we are going to do about health care if the ACA is declared unconstitutional,” Jones said, also reiterating his support for expanding Medicaid in Alabama. “The state made a huge mistake when it did not expand Medicaid,” he said. “I am not for Medicare for All, but I do think that there should be a public option.”

Jones was asked about the governor’s plan to lease and build three new so-called “mega-prisons.”

“The Trump administration really issued a scathing report on the state’s prisons, that really surprised me,” Jones said. “I don’t like privatizing the prisons or the post office. We had convict labor in this country for a long time, and it was horrible.”

Jones said solving the state’s prison problems requires money, and nobody wants to raise taxes. “Everybody wants to lock them up, but it costs money.”

The next president, whether it is Trump for a second term or his Democratic opponent, Joe Biden, is getting a $27.2 trillion debt plus a coronavirus stimulus package at the end of this month that may make it close to $30 trillion by inauguration. APR asked if there is going to be a plan put in place to prevent the national debt from surpassing $40 trillion by the end of this decade.

“We have got to get out of this crisis first,” Jones said. “George W. Bush spent trillions fighting wars without paying for them while cutting taxes, and this president has done the same thing, and now those tax cuts are coming home to roost.”

“I am not going to start looking at this until after the coronavirus crisis is over,” Jones said. “Part of the reason that revenues are down is because people are not working and paying taxes. If we don’t get this solved, we could end up owing $50 trillion.”

Due to coronavirus concerns and maintaining the proper social distancing, Wednesday’s event was limited to just five news reporters. Jones told reporters that he is running neck-in-neck with Tuberville approaching Tuesday’s election.

“I am not going to guarantee a win, and I am not going to guarantee that we are not going to win,” Jones said.

Polls open on Tuesday at 7 a.m. and close at 7 p.m. CST. You must have a valid photo ID in order to participate.

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National

Today is the last day to vote absentee in person

Some offices may close early due to Hurricane Zeta. Play it safe by going early.

Brandon Moseley

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An absentee ballot application.

If you are planning to go to the courthouse to vote ahead of Election Day, then you need to do it by Thursday, which is the last day to vote in person absentee in Alabama and the last day to request an absentee ballot.

To vote in-person absentee, find and go to your local election manager’s office. [Locations by county can be found here.]

You must have a valid photo ID to participate in any Alabama election, and you have to be a registered voter in Alabama. If you are not already registered to vote, while you can still register, it is too late to register to participate in this election.

Voters who do not have a valid photo ID can get a free voter ID from their local board of registrars or the secretary of state’s office.

When filling out your absentee ballot request, check the box that applies to your situation, or, if you’re voting absentee because of COVID-19, select “I have a physical illness or infirmity which prevents my attendance at the polls. [ID REQUIRED]”

No additional proof other than a valid photo ID is required. Then you can receive, fill out and turn in your ballot. Some offices may close early due to Hurricane Zeta. Play it safe by going early.

If you have an absentee ballot already, get it in the mail as soon as possible or hand deliver it to the election manager. If you miss today’s deadline to request an absentee ballot, you can still vote in person, like most people, at your assigned polling place on Election Day, Tuesday, Nov. 3.

The state accepts a number of current photo IDs including:

  • Alabama Law Enforcement Agency Digital Driver’s License
  • Valid Alabama Nondriver ID (not expired or has been expired less than 60 days)
  • Alabama Law Enforcement Agency Digital Nondriver ID
  • Valid Alabama Photo Voter ID Card
  • Valid State-Issued ID (Alabama or any other state)
  • Valid AL Department of Corrections Release – Temporary ID
  • Valid AL Movement/Booking Sheet from Prison/Jail System (Photo Required)
  • Valid Pistol Permit (Photo Required)
  • Valid Federal-Issued ID
  • Valid US passport
  • Valid Employee ID from Federal Government, State of Alabama, County, Municipality, Board, or other entity of this state
  • Valid student or employee ID from a public or private college or university in the State of Alabama (including postgraduate technical or professional schools)
  • Digital student ID from a public or private college or university in the State of Alabama (including postgraduate technical or professional schools)
  • Valid student or employee ID issued by a state institution of higher learning in any other state
  • Digital student ID issued by a state institution of higher learning in any other state
  • Valid Military ID
  • Valid Tribal ID.

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