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Domestic violence cases increase during COVID-19 outbreak


Millions of Americans are staying home to keep themselves safe from COVID-19 but for many, home is not a safe haven.

Patricia Speck, a domestic violence prevention specialist at UAB, said that one in four women and one in seven men are expected to experience domestic violence during the pandemic. She said this is due to the combination of being unable to leave the home and the stress of financial instability.

“It is because of the inability to escape these homes and stress goes up because jobs are lost, alcoholism increases… children are now witnessing their adults in the family hurt each other,” Speck said. “We begin to see family structures disintegrate. Anger is one of those issues.  But, more importantly, addiction issues surface also.” 

Speck said that domestic violence sets family members up for long term health problems and potentially leave them vulnerable to COVID-19. 

“The people who will be affected by the illnesses are those with exhausted immune systems,” Speck said. “That is the outcome of chronic stress from domestic terrorism.”

Speck also believes that the increase in domestic violence will have a negative impact on children, especially since they are unable to attend school due to the COVID-19 outbreak and are learning at home. 

“Children particularly suffer because they were unable to learn in school and then they watch the behaviors and many of them would adopt the behaviors they see in the hom,” Speck said. “Children without support under chronic stress cannot learn.”

Speck said the numbers of those searching for help are already increasing. “In Birmingham, they may have seen as much as 50 percent increase recently.”

The Jefferson County Sheriff’s office received 111 domestic violence calls in March of 2019. During March of this year, they received 141 domestic violence calls, showing a 27 percent increase compared to last year. 

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According to the, police departments across the country have reported spikes in domestic violence cases since stay-at-home orders have been issued.

Speck said that many victims aren’t able to access phones to call for help and predicts that once the stay-at-home order is lifted, the numbers could continue to rise. Speck says, “It’s in that time that we’re going to see calls increase… they’ll be reaching for help.”

Birmingham Mayor Randall Woodfin issued a video message last week addressing the increase in domestic violence related calls and encouraging victims to seek help. 

“Must too often, these are silent crimes,” Woodfin said. “Victims of domestic violence and sexual assault must know that they are not alone.”

Listed below are services available for those in an abusive situation:

  • YWCA 24 hour crisis line – 205-322-HURT (4878). The YWCA also has 24-hour emergency domestic violence shelters.
  • Crisis Center Birmingham 24-hour services
    • Crisis and Suicide Line – 205-323-7777
    • Rape Response Hotline – 205-323-7273
    • Recovery Crisis Line – 205-458-3377
  • Jefferson County District Attorney’s Office Victim’s Assistance Unit – 205-325-5260 On-Call Victim Assistance Officers are available
  • Hispanic Interest Coalition Alabama (HICA) –  205-942-5505 
  • Crisis Services of North Alabama – 256-716-1000
  • Anonymous Text Crisis Line – 256-722-8219
  • National Suicide Prevention Lifeline –  1-800-273-8255
  • Trans Lifeline at 877-565-8860
  • The Trevor Project, 24 hour LGBTQ crisis intervention and suicide prevention hotline –  1-866-488-7386.  

Jessa Reid Bolling is a reporter at the Alabama Political Reporter and graduate of The University of Alabama with a B.A. in journalism and political science.

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