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Alabama faces expanded lawsuits for discrimination against disabled children in state care

A 2022 Department of Justice report highlighted major deficiencies in education standards for disabled children in state custody.


A series of lawsuits alleging systemic discrimination of children with disabilities in childcare facilities across Alabama have been broadened to include several key state agencies. The Alabama Department of Human Resources, the Alabama Department of Education, the Alabama State Board of Education, and several county DHR offices and directors have been added as new defendants in the lawsuits.

“These lawsuits are long overdue,” said Caleb Cunningham, an attorney representing the plaintiffs. “These children, like thousands of others, were entrusted to the custody of the State and, instead of learning and growing, were warehoused and stunted. Every child has the right to an education, and to deprive them of that is not only shameful but also in violation of the law.” 

Much of the basis of the federal lawsuits, discrimination under the Americans with Disabilities Act, was publicly chronicled in an October 12, 2022 Department of Justice report. The report concluded the Alabama Foster Care System violates the Americans with Disabilities Act by discriminating against students with disabilities who reside in residential facilities. At least one high-ranking official with the Department of Education was quoted as saying the department was unaware if the facilities were doing good work with these children or providing adequate learning materials. The DOJ report also cited a 2020 investigation by the Alabama Disabilities Advocacy Program, ADAP. The ADAP noted children sleeping on concrete slabs in dilapidated facilities, with blood and feces smeared on surfaces. The ADAP also indicated that there was no tutoring, a lack of grade-level school work and instruction, a lack of credit recovery to remain on grade level, a lack of computer access for school work, and a lack of job and/or career training. 

Six lawsuits were filed earlier this year on behalf of children whom DHR had placed in facilities like those highlighted in the DOJ and ADAP reports. The attorneys representing the children expect more children to come forward. 

“I am proud to represent these children,” said Tommy James, another attorney representing the plaintiffs. “Giving voice to the voiceless, these lawsuits are about bringing systemic change. So many children are locked away and never given the tools to succeed.   It is time for Alabama to do the right thing.

“Our goal is for thousands of other children to come forward to demand the state honor its legal and moral obligations,” added attorney Jeremy Knowles.

All six cases currently pending in the United States Middle District of Alabama are awaiting answers from the defendants. In preliminary filings, attorneys for DHR Commissioner Buckner stated, in part, that she has no authority to act on education in Alabama and that DHR has no authority to administer education programs in Alabama. Buckner’s filings did not address the fact that DHR licenses facilities like the ones these children were placed in, nor did they address the fact the children were placed there by Buckner’s DHR. 

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In their initial filing, attorneys for Mackey stated, among other things, that Mackey was unaware of the specific suffering of each child and, therefore, the cases should be dismissed. Both attorneys for Mackey and Buckner also claim that the cases should be dismissed because of the age of the discrimination, which forms the basis of the allegations.

Since the filing of these original documents, Defendant Buckner has hired outside private counsel.

“Rather than working with us to find a solution to these problems, the State has regrettably chosen to hire private lawyers, which will waste tremendous amounts of taxpayer dollars,” James said.

Jacob Holmes is a reporter at the Alabama Political Reporter. You can reach him at [email protected]

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