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Bradley Byrne Part 2: Education

Bill Britt



By Bill Britt
Alabama Political Reporter

Since running for the Governor’s Office in 2010 Bradley Byrne has remained focused on the ideas he promoted during his campaign. Instead of giving up on his vision for Alabama Byrne along with others founded “Reform Alabama.” Byrne describes Reform Alabama as “Do Thank.” not a think tank. One of the areas that they group has been hard at work on is education.

Recently we spoke with Byrne about education and the ideas, methods and programs Reform Alabama has created. The following is part two of our interview with Mr. Byrne.

APR: In the blueprint you focus on the vast benefits of digital learning. One of the last things Steve Jobs was very passionate about was using digital learning tools (i.e. iPads.) It seems digital learning will make education more accessible and innovative because of limitation of books, teachers, classes. Digital really opens that up. Can you talk about your thinking on that?

BYRNE: This is something that has matured around the country now. We have lots of examples and experiences we can point to where using “smart pads” can truly revolutionize the way the student is taught in the classroom. It really makes the teacher more than just somebody who stands in front of the room and lectures and writes on the blackboard. That teacher will now be able to use this pad as a device; in essence, quadruple what they are normally able to do because they can use so many different things to draw on and teach children. A textbook is one small thing you can do with the pad; you can download the textbook to the pad. Just as importantly, the teacher can do so many other things: teacher can download a lecture on a given topic like math quadratic equations or if it’s history of the Colonial era, a noted expert a great teacher gets up and does the lecture. The teacher can use that as the bases of other things so that the class can draw the students into better learning. It will also revolutionize homework, the old way we used to do homework; we can do it completely different now. It makes everyone accountable because the teachers pad is synced up to the teachers’ pads, so when the student walks into the classroom every morning their pads will talk to the teachers’ pads and the teachers pad will know who did their homework and who didn’t. It shows who did better on this subject and who did worse on another subject and how well the homework was completed. It just makes our teachers much, much better at what they’re doing because it gives us so many new tools. And the kids love them. The experience we’re having in Baldwin County at the high school in Bay Minette is that much less absenteeism and students are keeping up better in class. Baldwin County has decided to give every high school student in the county starting next year a pad. That’s how many of our courses in high school in Baldwin County will be taught next year. There’s no reason why we can’t run with that and spread it through the state.

APR: Well the very notion of books and the way we have handled them over the years. They were based on the idea that information was scarce and resources were limited. With digital aides such as iPads, the world has opened to a vast array of information that we never imagined. For years I have been thinking about digital learning as the opening of the virtual library of Alexandria, all the world’s knowledge at ones finger tips. Digital education does immerse the student in the learning experience rather than just a plain words on a page.

BYRNE: Well textbooks are written by these big textbook companies to satisfy the largest states in America where they sell most of their textbooks. So they’re not even necessarily made to be consistent with the Alabama courses of study. This way a teacher can tailor make whatever instructional tools or information they want to make to be consistent with the Alabama course of study that the standards the state Board of Education has set.

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APR: Yet another thought in my mind is that the ideas of giving more local control and input, rather than Montgomery having all and final say, what is your notion on that?

BYRNE: I think it is the role of the state to set standards and to have accountability measures in place to hold everybody to be consistent to those standards. But exactly how each individual school or school system decides to do that, I don’t think you want Montgomery forcing that on them; let’s let innovation occur out there in local systems and local schools and learn from those innovations on what works and doesn’t work. There are some mighty good people in education around Alabama that have really figured out some things that work and some that don’t work. We’re better off letting them have the flexibility to try that and then we’ll get better together.

APR: One of the things I know you’re heavily involved in when you were chancellor of the two year college system was the work-force training. We hear that quite a bit that there are jobs  that are going unfilled because we’re not training student to perform the work. I don’t want to say every kid is not going to college, but we as a Nation had this idea for years every child must go to college. The work force training certainly offers an alternative path. What is going on with work force development and how do you see Reform Alabama coming up with ideas for work force training?


BYRNE: The most important thing, the first step I should say, is to talk to young people when they’re in middle school about career paths. They need to start thinking as young as seventh grade about what field they think they may want to go in to. Might be health care, may be a doctor or a nurse or a physical therapist, there’s a whole array of things they could do within the health care field. Same as true as technology and manufacturing, same is true with law enforcement. I could go on and on. What we need to do is start working with these young people in middle school and find an area they’re interested in. Then that helps them understand what courses they need to be taking when they leave middle school and go to high school. One of the biggest problems we faced when I was chancellor was in our nursing program. We have a very high attrition rate among our nursing students. We realized the problem was too many students were getting out of high school and going to a two-year college nursing program and didn’t have adequate science or math background in order to take the rigorous courses the nurses have to take in bio-sciences. We’ve got to get young people thinking that even if you don’t want to be a doctor, you want to be a nurse; you still have to take all those sciences and all that math. We’ve got to get them thinking that in high school. As far as the actual training itself goes, nothing limits anybody. If you get a two year college associate degree in nursing that doesn’t mean you can’t go on and get a bachelor degree in nursing. If you get a one year certificate in manufacturing and technology from a two year college, that doesn’t mean you can’t go on to a four year college and get an engineering degree. I was talking to the engineering dean a couple years ago, his best engineering students were the ones that took welding classes in high school and knew how to weld. I don’t see work force training in a limit on people. But there are people who are going to say that I once I have the skill that I want to have, ‘that’s it I’m done with school, I’m going to work.’ And that’s great. We need to have programs that place that are geared toward what there is a high demand for in the economy and to make sure we provide very high quality training for young people to go in to them. What we started when I was chancellor, The Dual Enrollment Program, where you can be dual enrolled in a public high school in Alabama as well as the local two year college. You get credit for the courses you are taking. Literally, it is possible and is happening, where students graduate one day from high school in their community, then one week later graduate from their local community college with a technical degree and immediately go to work making far more money I would have ever made immediately out of high school. We see that rolling throughout in the public middle schools and the public high schools and the two year colleges, and if they want to go beyond that, they can go on to one of our four year universities.

APR: I can’t imagine having that option when I was that age. One of the things I believe is that more people succeed it becomes a habit and they become even more successful, when you get a kid who is doing well then he feels good about himself and therefor makes better choices.  PARCA has a lot of statistical overlays where it shows poorly performing schools and in the overlay there is more crime in the community, and the further overlay is that their are more people in jail.  So you have poor education, crime, and on top of that crowded correctional facilities. One part of the American dream is that as an individual you can work and succeed financially and this requires some type of skill and that means receiving a good education. Could you give us a vision of where you see education in the next 5 years?

BYRNE: I believe if we provide more choices and alternatives for students and their parents that they will make decisions to put themselves in the right place and the right program. Some people think that means the traditional public school will go away and that is completely false. If you look across America only about 5 percent of all schools in America are charter schools or something like a charter school. The vast majority of our schools and students will still be in the traditional public school. What won’t be traditional, I hope, is the way we’re delivering education to students. If we’re not only using the new technology that’s out there, and empowering our teachers to do things that are outside the box from what has formerly been done; not just because of technology, but because of other things we can provide to them. That does get to the second part of the important decision: quality people who lead our schools and who are the deliverers of our education in schools, our classroom teachers. Everything turns on that, but if we give them the tools that they need and free them of some of the gobbly gook so they can actually do their jobs. I believe we have educators in Alabama to do this.

Any state that can have National Football Champions three years running from two different colleges and two of those years the Heisman trophy winner, any state that can do that, can make the sort of gains we’re talking about in education. Couple those educational gains with the pro-business environment we have in Alabama and our economy will take off, it really will take off. For example, in the Tennessee Valley, if we can give those people what they need for the University of Alabama Huntsville, and other higher education up there so they become the “MIT of the South” there’s no question with the already vibrant economy up there, it will just explode. If we can continue to build on the progress we’ve already made with the automotive community by creating this very large group of highly educated, highly trained people of automotive technology, we will become very quickly the state to go to for an automobile. If we can build the sort of aerospace engineers and technicians needed for the aerospace industry you can see Mobile be one of the few sites in the world to build large body commercial jets. The whole aerospace community from Mobile to Elmore County where they have a large facility, to the Wiregrass where they do a lot of helicopter work, to Huntsville where they do a lot of rocket work. We can become the leading aerospace centers of the world. You start multiplying this across the fields in which we’re involved and Alabama and our state will become the hottest economic property in the world.

APR: I think we all want to see Alabama be even better. A question I should have asked before, the group talks about budget reform. Can you share what needs to happen and how? 

BYRNE: Right now we are very prescriptive in the ways we send money from the state to schools. We send money to schools and say you have to spend this much money on teachers, this much on textbooks, this much on school buses, we need to open that process up. If we’re going to hold schools and school systems accountable for results, we need to give them freedom to set their budgets and spend their money to accomplish those results. There may be differences out there on how different school systems will want to do it. We also need to be less prescriptive on the way we pay teachers; right now we have a salary matrix, it is all set in stone on that salary matrix. A teacher could be doing super well and we can’t reward them as we should because we’re stuck with the salary matrix. There needs to be a way to free up some money so that the teachers who do especially well in the classroom will be paid more. If we can loosen up the money we send out to the school systems from the state, but make sure the incentives are there through our accountability measures, so they’re getting results for what they’re doing. I think that will aid in what we’re trying to do in the educational system in the state.

APR: How big of a hurdle is that?

BYRNE: It’s big. Everybody has gotten used to the way we do it. School superintendents have gotten used to it, school systems, teachers, and none of us like change. Change is difficult for all of us. But we know that states have looked at things like that and made big gains because they’re rewarding the performance of teachers. I think we need to reward performance of our teachers. Our teachers in Alabama haven’t had a pay raise in over four years, and last year the governor proposed and the legislature electorally agreed increasing by 50 percent how much they have to pay towards their pensions. That’s just unfortunately the budget reality of what a lot of people have had to deal with. But what is the message are we sending to our teachers who are in those classrooms day in and day out who are really doing the hard work of educating our children? Maybe if we loosened up on some of their budget our local school systems could find a way to start rewarding our hard working and high performing teachers.

APR: I think that’s an excellent idea, I don’t know if we want to go into the mechanics of why that can’t happen. I know there’s been an announcement that everyone is on this idea of charter schools but if you’re a parent in Vestavia Hills, you may not see the need of charter schools.

BYRNE: I think what you will find is that most places in Alabama, they’re satisfied with their local schools to where they won’t go through the efforts to start a charter school. But there some places in the state where schools are failing so badly that there will be a huge effort in those local areas for there to be a charter school. We did an analysis of  five other states, and the total number of charter schools in state comparable to ours.  In those states there are only about 50 or 60  charter schools for the whole state. So I don’t see charter schools becoming the norm or anything like the norm in Alabama. I think they will be used in certain places and they will do some things that will be constructive to the local public school system. I would hope the local public school system would start improving. I live in Baldwin County; I doubt we will have charter schools here in Baldwin County. The mayor of Montgomery has already said he wants them in Montgomery.

APR: If I’m hearing you right, one of the effects of charter schools in these areas where we have schools that are under-performing, is that the charter schools will have a positive effect in that it will get kids in to a place to perform better or have an opportunity to perform better, but also as an inspiration and an idea-bank for the public schools that are there.

BYRNE: Yes, if you have a public school across town from a charter school that has the same students body make up and those students at the charter school are performing 25 percent higher than students at the other public school, then hopefully the leadership in the public school system will say ‘What are they doing in the charter schools that works so we can do those things with our students?’ You would hope that would happen, but you can’t guarantee it because it all depends upon leadership. If a football coach across town went to a different type of offense and his team was scoring a lot more points and winning more games, I guarantee you the football coaches on the other side of town would say we have to have that same offense. So I would hope that would happen with charter schools.

APR: When I was talking with (Rep.) Chris England, one of the things he was talking about was that we spent a lot of time and money selecting superintendents, and they are well-paid, yet when they get to the job their hands are tied to a large degree, in his thinking. He felt superintendents should be given more choice– now he is not in favor of charter schools—but he felt if we gave more choice to the public schools they could do just as good of a job. 

BYRNE: Well, that is a fair point. One of the bills we are pushing as part of the package the legislature is going to take up is what we call charter schools systems, but they won’t call them that in the legislation. Essentially expect high standards from schools that would apply to go through this program, if they want high standards and to stay there, then they will be released from some of the restrictions that schools have right now. I think that is a very positive thing. There’s no doubt in my mind we have a number of school systems around Alabama who if they were free from some of the restrictions they presently have, could provide a very high quality education to our students. I hope Representative England and people that think that same way will get behind that package of bills and see it get passed.

APR: Here in Alabama charter schools will work under the same school system it is not a case where someone comes in and wants to start a charter school and we just say ok? 

BYRNE: Well the way we work is all the charter schools are still public schools with public school students. While some of the restrictions will be relaxed but the basic ones are kept to ensure student safety. What happens in charter schools is the educational money from the state would typically follow the student. The was a lot of the charter schools work is they do have private philanthropic money that comes in addition to those public dollars to help do some additional things that they may need in those schools. If our charter schools are like the ones around the rest of the country, you will see most of them, if not all of them receive some private money coming in to help them be successful.

APR: OK I didn’t understand that connection completely, but I do now. I know in Brazil they have what I guess is charter schools, but their public schools and even universities, are privately funded. Rotary even funds schools. It’s a very interesting thing they have there; it’s a mix of capitalism in the schools. I think you get a better choice if you have competition, you have better schools.

BYRNE: Competition has that affect, I was reading an article earlier today, and I think it is 55 percent of all of the players in the NFL today come from the Deep South. Thirty-seven percent of the population in America is from the Deep South but 55 percent of the NFL players: why is that? Well it’s because any given Friday night in the fall, you’ve got everybody in that community and everybody in those schools absolutely focused on how their team can beat the team they’re playing. Competition in the South,  makes our players the best players in the country, there’s no question about that. Well the same is going to be true in education, I keep giving these football analogies, but they just happen to be right. If you have that level of competition out there, then our schools are going to get better.

APR: Any other thoughts or things we need to talk about?

BYRNE: For one thing I didn’t mention when talking about accountability, when we talked to the people in Florida about what worked the best for them, they said the single most important thing they did was to give each school in the state of Florida a single letter grade, ABCDF. In Alabama we issue a fairly long and difficult to read report card on schools, what we propose would be to reduce all that to a single letter grade. So then a parent or community leaders can look at a school and say that is an A school or a B school, etc. You will say why is my child going to a C or a D or gosh forbid an F school? So that helped push things forward in Florida. I believe the letter grade will be a meaningful tool in accountability. This is, not to punish anybody but to have a means to make things work better.

APR: That certainly simplifies it. I wish you all the best and this certainly will help the state and that’s what we’re doing this for.

BYRNE: We’ve got a lot of people helping us, and if we have as much success with the legislature session this year as we did last year, we feel optimistic about getting these things done.

Bill Britt is editor-in-chief at the Alabama Political Reporter and host of The Voice of Alabama Politics. You can email him at [email protected] or follow him on Twitter.



Governor declares state of emergency ahead of Tropical Storm Zeta

Zeta is currently a tropical storm over the Gulf of Mexico, but it is predicted to make landfall as a category one hurricane.

Brandon Moseley



A satellite image of Tropical Storm Zeta. (VIA NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE)

Alabama Gov. Kay Ivey on Tuesday issued a state of emergency as Tropical Storm Zeta approaches the Gulf Coast.

“Ahead of Tropical Storm Zeta’s anticipated landfall Wednesday evening as a Category 1 hurricane, I am issuing a state of emergency effective today at 4:00 p.m.,” Ivey said. “While this storm is not expected to have an impact as large as storms we’ve seen move through the Gulf earlier this year, we want to be in the best place possible to respond to anticipated rain, storm surge and mass power outage. I encourage everyone to remain weather aware and tuned in to their trusted news source as this storm could shift direction or change intensity. We continue to track the path of this storm and will stay in touch with the people of Alabama with any updates.”

Zeta is currently a tropical storm over the Gulf of Mexico, but it is predicted to make landfall as a category one hurricane. The National Hurricane Center is predicting Zeta to make landfall in Mississippi on Wednesday and then proceed toward Alabama, but these storms can and do move.

A more easterly track could prove devastating to the Alabama Gulf Coast as was the case with Hurricane Sally, which shifted course in September, hitting Alabama, though Zeta is expected to be weaker than Sally at landfall.

The storm surge from the Mississippi-Alabama border to Dauphin Island is forecast to be 5 to 8 feet. Mobile Bay to the Alabama-Florida border is expected to have 3 to 5 feet of storm surge and from the border to Navarre, Florida, could experience 2 to 4 feet of storm surge.

Hurricane force winds are a possibility with this storm. Tropical force winds are expected to be an issue for Southern Mississippi and Alabama well inland. There is expected to be heavy rainfall across the state Wednesday night into Thursday morning.

The Baldwin County Emergency Management Agency announced that sandbags are available inside the county commission office at Robertsdale Central Annex (22251 Palmer Street) until 4:30 p.m. Tuesday and from 8 a.m. until 4:30 p.m. Wednesday or while they last.

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Bring any help and shovels you will need. There is a limit of just 25 bags per person. Alabama’s coastal counties are currently under a Tropical Storm Warning, a Storm Surge Warning for Mobile County and a High Rip Current and High Surf Warning.

Congressman Bradley Byrne said, “I just finished up briefings from Alabama EMA, FEMA, and the National Hurricane Center regarding #Zeta. We should not take this storm lightly and should start making preparations right away. After sundown Wednesday, I’d encourage everyone in Southwest Alabama to stay home and off the roads until sunrise Thursday. This storm will have impacts as far north as Montgomery, so those in Washington, Clarke, and Monroe counties will see tropical storm force winds and heavy rain. I’d encourage everyone to charge their phones and other necessary electronics. If you have an emergency during the storm, call 911 and do not try to drive.”

Coastal Alabama is still in the process of recovering from Hurricane Sally which hit the state on Sept. 15.


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Alabama’s COVID-19 hospitalizations surpass 1,000 for first time since August

The 1,001 patients in hospitals with COVID-19 on Tuesday is a 34 percent increase from a month ago.

Eddie Burkhalter




Hospitalizations of COVID-19 patients in Alabama on Monday crossed the 1,000 mark for the first time since Aug. 31 — a sign that Alabama may be headed for another peak in hospitalizations as the state prepares for winter and flu season.

The 1,001 patients in hospitals with COVID-19 on Tuesday is a 34 percent increase from a month ago, and the seven-day average of COVID-19 hospitalizations by day Tuesday was 917, a 21 percent increase from Sept. 27.

“Unfortunately, not surprised but frankly, depressed by our trends,” said Dr. Don Williamson, president of the Alabama Hospital Association and Alabama’s former state health officer, speaking to APR on Tuesday. 

Work is under way to help hospitals prepare for another surge, ensuring there’s enough of therapies like Remdesivir, ventilators and personal protective equipment are in place, Williamson said. 

Alabama on Monday had just 16 percent of the state’s ICU beds available, and since the start of the pandemic, with a few exceptions, Alabama hospitals have had less than 20 percent ICU availability, Williamson said. During the state’s last peak in mid-July, coronavirus patients were using 445 ICU beds, he said, and by Sept, 20 that had dropped to 274, where it hovered ever since.

On Monday, 292 COVID-19 patients were in ICUs, Williamson said.

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Williamson said at the state’s worst point during July, Alabama had just 109 ICU beds available but that “the problem wasn’t beds. It was staff.” Without staff to care for the patients, empty ICU beds would do a patient no good. 

A nurse can typically care for up to six patients, but only three or four COVID-19 patients, who require extra care, Williamson said. And there’s concern that fatigue among hospital staff will again become a challenge. 

“You’re seeing it nationally now, in folks who are going through this second wave. Staff are just exhausted because they’ve seen it before. They know how somehow this is going to turn out for a significant number of patients,” Williamson said.  “And part of it is just the incredible frustration that a lot of this was preventable. 


As treatment options and the knowledge of how to better care for COVID-19 patients have improved, fewer coronavirus patients are taking up those ICU beds, but they’ve been replaced with people who come to hospitals sicker than before the pandemic.

Williamson said many of them may have put off going to the hospital during the state’s surge, and as a result, find themselves sicker than they would have otherwise been. 

Alabama’s hospitalizations began dropping in the weeks after Gov. Kay Ivey issued a statewide mask order in July, which she has extended twice, but after dipping down as low 703 on Sept. 25, hospitalizations have been rising. 

Williamson said looking at the rate of increase in recent weeks, he predicts the state could again see daily hospitalizations of 1,500 as in July, and said while current hospitalizations for seasonal flu patients are in the single digits, there’s concern that as flu season continues the combination of flu and COVID-19 patients will strain hospital staffing resources and bed space statewide. 

Williamson said from personal observation he is seeing more people not wearing masks, or wearing them improperly, and said the state could dramatically reduce the risk of COVID-19 if the public regularly wore masks and wore them properly.

“The period between Thanksgiving and the first of the year could be really, really problematic, given what we’re now seeing with COVID,” Williamson said. 

Alabama added 1,115 new confirmed and probable coronavirus cases on Tuesday, and the 14-day average of new daily cases hit 1,375. Over the last two weeks, the state added 19,244 cases, although 3,747 were older test results from labs that weren’t properly reporting to the Alabama Department of Public Health.

Alabama’s 14-day positivity rate is at nearly 21 percent, although those older test results skewed the figure higher than it otherwise would have been. Just prior to those older cases being added to the count, however, Alabama’s 14-day average of percent positivity was 15 percent. Public health experts say it needs to be at or below 5 percent of cases are going undetected. 

ADPH reported 26 COVID-19 deaths on Tuesday. Over the last four weeks, ADPH added 391 coronavirus deaths to the state’s total, which stood at 2,892 on Tuesday.

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Agriculture Department providing shelters for livestock evacuating due to Zeta

The Alabama A&M Agribition Center will open effective immediately for livestock that is being evacuated.

Brandon Moseley




In response to Tropical Storm Zeta, the Alabama Department of Agriculture and Industries has been in contact with partners to provide a temporary sheltering facility for evacuated livestock including horses and cattle.

Animals moving in response to Tropical Storm Zeta will be exempt from a certificate of veterinary inspection.

The Alabama A&M Agribition Center (4925 Moore’s Mill Rd, Huntsville, AL 35811) will open effective immediately for livestock that is being evacuated. The shelter is only equipped to shelter livestock, not pets or companion animals such as dogs or cats.

This facility will be available on a first-come, first-serve basis. To contact the A&M Agribition Center call 256-689-0274. Evacuees will need to bring their own shavings, water buckets, feed, etc.

When evacuating, it is important for livestock owners to be prepared to care for their animals while they are away. Please be sure to bring the following items with you: a current list of all animals, including their records of feeding, vaccinations and tests.

Make sure that you have proof of ownership for all animals. Supplies for temporary identification of your animals, such as plastic neckbands and permanent markers to label your animals with your name, address and telephone number. Handling equipment such as halters and appropriate tools for each kind of animal. Water, feed and buckets as well as tools and supplies needed for sanitation.

For questions or concerns about sheltering livestock during a tropical storm evacuation, please contact ADAI Emergency Programs at 334-240-7279 or by email. The Alabama Cooperative Extension Service has also prepared an article on how to prepare to evacuate a farm.

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There are more than 1.3 million head of cattle and calves on Alabama farms, according to figures released by the Alabama Agriculture Statistics Service. The cattle herd represents an enormous investment for Alabama farm families and is valued at approximately $2.4 billion.

Alabama has nearly 100,000 horses with a total value of over $500 million. Alabama has 57,000 hogs with annual production of $21.4 million a year. Alabama has more than 40,000 sheep and goats.

Farms in Mobile, Baldwin and Escambia counties were hit hard by Hurricane Sally and repairs to barns and fences from that storm are still ongoing.


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Prosecution accepts misdemeanor plea in high-profile environmental administrator’s case 

The plea deal came shortly before Jefferson County Circuit Court Judge Stephen C. Wallace was to hear arguments on selective and vindictive prosecution.

Bill Britt




Almost two years ago, Trump administration EPA Region 4 Administrator Onis “Trey” Glenn III was charged with more than a dozen state felony ethics violations. On Monday, he pleaded guilty to three misdemeanor charges after reaching a plea agreement with the prosecution.

The plea deal came shortly before Jefferson County Circuit Court Judge Stephen C. Wallace was to hear arguments on selective and vindictive prosecution.

According to a statement from the Ethics Commission at the time, Glenn, along with former Alabama Environmental Management Commissioner Scott Phillips, was charged after a Jefferson County grand jury returned indictments against the two on Nov. 9, 2018, according to a statement from the Ethics Commission.

Rather than moving forward with the case, prosecutors dropped the felony charges against Glenn. They opted to reach an agreement to accept a plea on three counts of “unintentional” violations of the ethics code. Glenn received a two-year suspended sentence for his actions.

“In the interest of efficiency, we were pleased to take advantage of the opportunity to resolve this matter,” Glenn’s attorney Matt Hart told APR when reached for comment. “My client pleaded to unintentional, misdemeanor violations of the ethics law, and the matter is concluded.”

Questions surround the prosecution’s decision to settle the case for a confession to minor offensives in such a high profile case. Still, from the beginning, the case was marred by allegations that the Alabama Ethics Commission’s lawyers had mishandled the investigation and indictments.

Indictments against Glenn and Phillips were reported by even before the pair was arrested or served with the indictments. In’s report, Ethics Commission Executive Director Tom Albritton said that then-Jefferson County District Attorney Mike Anderton had requested the Ethics Commission help indict the two men.

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As first reported by APR, shortly after Glenn and Phillips’ indictments, Albritton and his team’s actions raised serious questions about the process that led to charges against the two men. APR reported that Albritton and Ethics Commission lawyer Cynthia Propst Raulston approached Anderton, and he did not request help with the case from the commission, as was reported in

Later, APR confirmed that the Ethics Commission approached Anderton, contradicting Albritton’s public statement. In a sworn statement given on Feb. 9, 2019, Anderton said it was Ethics Commission lawyers who approached him, as first reported by APR in November of last year.

According to Anderton, in the fall of 2018, Propst Raulston approached him because “she had a case she wanted to present to the Jefferson County Grand Jury.”


He further states, “I told Ms. Raulston that I would facilitate her appearance before the grand jury but that my office did not have the resources to support her case. I also told her that she would have to prosecute the case herself.”

These and other aberrations came into sharper focus when Hart — the state’s most famous prosecutor of his generation turned defense attorney — began diving into the particulars of the prosecution’s case.

Glenn’s defense argued from the start that procedural process was circumvented when Albritton and Propst Raulston took the complaint directly to a grand jury rather than the Ethics Commission as prescribed by the Legislature.

An ethics commissioner told APR privately that the commission was never informed about a complaint against the two men, nor was the investigation.

According to internal sources, actions taken by Albritton and Propst Raulston created turmoil at the commission and raised a question about who would prosecute the case on the state’s behalf.

During the process, Albritton, Propst Raulston, and other attorneys for the commission asked the attorney general’s office to take over the case; however, according to sources within the office, the AG turned them down after a review found “statutory problems” with how the case against Glenn and Phillips was handled.

In a motion to dismiss, the defense said, “In sum, the Ethics Commission Staff trampled Mr. Glenn’s rights in obtaining the indictment without giving him his required notice and an opportunity to be heard as required by the Alabama Ethics Act, and then after indictment denied him notice as guaranteed by the Grand Jury Secrecy Act and failed to protect his presumption of innocence as required by the Rules of Professional Conduct.”

While not explicitly noted in the motion to dismiss, the relationship between environmental group GASP and the prosecution was a subject that would have been heard in the hearing on selective and vindictive prosecution.

Immediately following Glenn and Phillips’ indictment, GASP posted a celebratory tweet, even taking credit for the indictment.

Former GASP director Stacie Propst is the sister of Ethics Commission lawyer Propst Raulston who presented the case to the Jefferson County grand jury.

While many in the environmental community celebrated Glenn’s indictment, the defense argued the prosecution took an illegal short cut to indict him, which denied Glenn due process and amounted to selective and vindictive prosecution.

Monday’s plea agreement ended the two-year drama without further exposure as to what happened behind the scene. Phillips’s case is still pending.

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