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Private prison, detention companies spending on Alabama politicians

Eddie Burkhalter



Geo Group, the nation’s largest private prison and detention center company, is investing in Alabama’s lawmakers just as the company hopes to land a portion of the state’s nearly $1 billion contract to build three new prisons. 

Other players are also investing in lobbyists and lawmakers to compete for a share of the prize.

Geo Group gave at least $80,000 to Alabama lawmakers in 2017 and 2018, while CoreCivic spent just $4,500 those two years. (Figures taken from campaign finance reports and compiled by the Montana-based nonprofit National Institute on Money in State Politics.)

Gov Kay Ivey has received a combined $12,500 from Geo Group and CoreCivic in 2017 and 2018. 

U.S. Rep. Robert Aderholt, R-Haleyville, received the most campaign contributions from private prison and detention center companies, taking in $22,500 since 2011, but his selection in 2011 to be chairman of the Appropriations Subcommittee on Homeland Security makes him an outlier. As chairman Aderholt headed the congressional committee that funded the Department of Homeland Security, which oversees the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE). 

The two largest private prison and immigrant detention center companies in the U.S. – Geo Group and CoreCivic (formerly called Corrections Corporation of America) – received a combined $358 million in ICE contracts in 2018. In 2011 and 2012, while serving as chairman of the appropriations subcommittee, Aderholt received $12,500 from Geo Group and CoreCivic. 

The Center for Immigration Studies found that on a single day, Sept. 22, 2012, private prison and detention center companies housed 67 percent of all immigrant detainees in facilities those companies owned and/or operated. 

Geo Group and CoreCivic gave Rep. Aderholt a combined $17,000 between 2011 and 2015. In 2017 and 2018, he brought in $5,500 from Geo Group. 


Carla Crowder, Director of the Montgomery-based Alabama Appleseed Center for Law and Justice, in a message to APR on Saturday said the hefty campaign contributions are disappointing, but not surprising given the millions of dollars that private prison companies have poured into other states in order to keep their shameful business model afloat.

“Other states are moving to reduce their reliance on private prison companies.  More and more banks are refusing to provide financing to these corporations that profit off the incarceration of human beings, even children,” Crowder said. “Our elected leaders seem willing to embrace for-profit incarceration, even as other states have learned the hard way that its expensive, harmful, and not good policy.”

Crowder noted that politicians in other states are returning or refusing campaign contributions from Florida-based Geo Group over the company’s role in immigration detention centers. Ten members of Congress in 2018, either gave Geo Group’s donations back or refused it, according to Open Secrets. 

“I would love to see the same here in Alabama, especially given all that is at stake with prison reform in our state right now,” Crowder said. “The public-private partnerships being proposed would leave Alabama taxpayers and our children on the hook for close to $1 billion to our-of-state companies who are working feverishly to buy favor with state leaders.  It does not have to be this way.” 

Then-Gov. Robert Bentley in 2016, announced the Alabama Prison Transformation Initiative Act, which called for construction of four new prisons through an $800 million bond issuance. That legislation failed, was brought back up in 2017, and failed again. 

Gov. Kay Ivey was appointed governor in April 2017, following Bentley’s resignation, and soon floated the idea of leasing new prisons from private companies, who’d build and finance them. Ivey announced in August the five companies in the running to build one or more of three planned new prisons are: GEO Group, Corvias, LLC, Corrections Consultants, CoreCivic and Alabama Prison Transformation Partners. The three prisons are to be built between two companies, according to ADOC’s request for qualifications. 

In 2017, records show Geo Group began spending on Alabama lawmakers in earnest, and the pace of that spending continued through 2018. 

All seven members of the legislative prison oversight committee received donations either directly from one of the two large private prison and immigrant detention center companies or the companies’ PACs, or from lobbyists who work for the companies. It’s important to note, however, that those lobbying firms represent many clients, so campaign donations don’t necessarily mean the money was given to politicians on behalf of the private prison and detention center companies. 

Members of the legislative prison oversight committee who received contributions

State Sen. Cam Ward, R-Alabaster

2017 – $2,500 from Geo Group

2017  $3,500 from Swatek, Howe & Ross, which represents Geo Group. 

State Sen. Clyde Chambliss Jr., R-Prattville

2018 – $1,500 from Geo Group. 

2018 – $1,000 from Bradley Arant Boult Cummings, which represents Geo Group. 

State Senate Minority Leader Bobby Singleton, D-Greensboro

2018 – $2,500 (Geo Group)

2018 – $2,000 from Bradley Arant Boult Cummings (represents Geo Group) 

2017 – $1,000 from Swatek, Howe & Ross, (Geo Group)

State Rep. Jim Hill, R-Moody

2018 – $2,000  from Geo Group

2017 – $1,000 from Swatek, Howe & Ross (Geo Group)

State Rep. Proncey Robertson, R-Mount Hope

2018 – $1,000 from Bradley Arant Boult Cummings (Geo Group)

2018 – $500 from Swatek, Howe & Ross (Geo Group)

State Sen. Dan Roberts, R-Mountain Brook

2018 – $1,000 from Windom, Galliher & Associates, (lobbies for Corrections Consultants)

2018 – $500 from The Jones Group (Geo Group) 

State Rep. Chris England, D-Tuscaloosa

2017 – $1,000 from Swatek, Howe & Ross (Geo Group)

 Other statewide politicians who received contributions in 2017,2018

Gov. Kay Ivey

2018 – $10,000  from Geo Group

2017 – $2,500 from CoreCivic  

U.S. Rep. Robert Aderholt, R – Haleyville

2011, 2012 – $5,000 from Geo Group $7,500  from CoreCivic

2013 – $1,000 from CoreCivic

2014 – $1,000  from Geo Group

2015 – $2,500 from CoreCivic

2017,2018 – $5,500 from Geo Group    

State Sen. Del Marsh, R- Anniston

2017 and 2018 – $7,500 from Geo Group 

U.S. Sen. Richard Shelby, R-Tuscaloosa

2016 – $2,000 from Geo Group

Former state Attorney General Luther Strange, R

2017 – $2,000 from CoreCivic

Lt. Gov. William Ainsworth, R

2017,2018 – $4,000 from Geo Group

U.S. Rep. Martha Roby, R, Montgomery

2018 – $1,000 from Geo Group

2016 – $2,500 from CoreCivic

U.S. Rep. Mike Rogers, R-Saks

2018 – $2,500 from Geo Group

State Rep. Connie Rowe, R-Jasper

2018 – $1,500 from Geo Group

State Rep. Kyle South, R-Fayette

2018 – $1,000 from Geo Group

State Rep. Mac Mccutcheon, R-Monrovia

2017 – $2,500 from Geo Group

State Rep. Corley Ellis, R-Columbiana

2018 – $1,000 from Geo Group

State Rep. Arnold Mooney III, R-Indian Springs

2018 – $1,000 from Geo Group

State Rep. William Poole, R-Tuscaloosa

2017, 2018 – $5,000 from Geo Group

Elaine Beech, D-Chatom (lost election)

2018 – $1,000 from Geo Group

State Rep. Prince Chestnut, D-Selma

2018 – $1,000 from Geo Group

State Rep. Artis McCampbell, D-Livingston

2018 – $1,000 from Geo Group

State Rep. Ralph Howard, D-Greensboro

2018 – $1,000 from Geo Group

State Rep. Matthew Friday, R- Montevallo

2017, 2018 – $2,500 from Geo Group

State Rep. Pebblin Warren, D-Tuskegee

2018 – $500 from Geo Group

State Rep. Paul Lee, R-Dothan

2018 – $1,000 from Geo Group

State Rep. Chris Sells, R-Greenville

2018 – $1,000 from Geo Group

State Rep. Mike Jones Jr.,R-Andalusia

2017 – $2,000 from Geo Group

State Rep. Steve Clouse, R-Ozark

2017, 2018 – $5,000 from Geo Group

State Sen. Tim Melson, R-Florence

2018 – $2,500 from Geo Group

State Sen. Arthur Orr, R-Decatur

2017 – $2,500 from Geo Group

State Sen. Majority Leader Greg Reed, R-Jasper

2018 – $2,500 from Geo Group

State Sen. Steve Livingston, R-Scottsboro

2018 – $1,000 from Geo Group

State. Sen. Jim McClendon, R-Springville

2018 – $2,500 from Geo Group

State Sen. Greg Albritton, R-Range

2018 – $1,000 from Geo Group

John Knight, D-Montgomery (Lost election)

$1,000 from Geo Group

State Sen. Thomas Whatley, R-Auburn

2018 – $2,000 from Geo Group

Geo Group in April 2017, bought the Alabama Therapeutic Education Facility in Columbiana, the purchase part of the company’s  $360 million purchase of Community Education Centers, a string of in-custody and reentry treatment centers that owned or managed 12,000 beds nationwide. That acquisition was expected to bring in $250 million annually for Geo Group. 

Two months earlier, in February 2017, then-U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions rescended the Obama administration’s 2016 order to reduce the federal government’s use of private prison companies. 

In October 2016, Geo Group hired as lobbyists two former Sessions’ aides, David Stewart and Ryan Robichaux, of the Birmingham-based law firm Bradley Arant Boult Cummings. 

Geo Group has been an early and vigorous supporter of President Donald Trump. During the 2016 presidential election, Geo Group and a subsidiary gave a combined $500,000 to a pro-Trump super PAC and to the president’s inaugural committee, according to The Washington Post.  The paper also noted that Geo Group moved its annual leadership conference in 2017, at the Trump National Doral golf course in Florida. 

In January 2017, Geo Group began intake at its 780-bed Folkston ICE Processing Center in Georgia, which the company said it expected to expected to generate approximately $21 million in annual revenues.


In 2018, Geo Group paid $180,000 for lobbying to the Birmingham-based firm Bradley Arant Boult Cummings. The company spent a total of $1.5 million on lobbying in 2018. 

Geo Group has spent $800,000 on lobbying so far this year, paying Bradley Arant Boult Cummings $70,000. 

CoreCivic spent $1.2 million to lobby lawmakers in 2018, and to date this year, the company has spent $790,000.



Mobile County jail inmates, officers test positive for COVID-19

Eddie Burkhalter



The Mobile County Sheriff’s Office says six inmates at the county jail and even more correctional officers have tested positive for COVID-19, according to WKRG, which broke the story on Thursday.

Attempts to reach the sheriff’s office’s public information officer wasn’t immediately successful Thursday, but WKRG reported that the sheriff’s office confirmed that 6 inmates have tested positive for the virus and more than 6 officers also tested positive. The news station reported that the sheriff’s office was working to get an exact number of those who tested positive for the virus.

Two Alabama Department of Corrections employees have tested positive, but no inmates in state prisons had confirmed cases as of Tuesday, the last day ADOC had updated testing numbers.

This story will be updated.

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Pardons and Paroles: Restarting parole hearings “under review” amid COVID-19 crisis

Eddie Burkhalter



The Alabama Bureau of Pardons and Paroles is reviewing the possibility of restarting parole hearings through virtual means during the COVID-19 crisis, a bureau spokesman said Thursday. 

Terry Abbott, spokesman for the Bureau of Pardons and Paroles, in a message to APR said that both a Wednesday report by the ACLU of Alabama on a decline in parole hearings and the possibility of resuming hearings via teleconferencing are under review. 

“We are in continuing discussions with the Governor’s Office in an effort to restart pardon and parole hearings as safely and efficiently as possible during this very difficult time for the people of Alabama,” said ABPP director Charlie Graddick in a statement Thursday. “The Bureau hopes to announce a plan and timetable soon.”

Graddick said that the resumption of hearings “is a complex issue given the national health emergency, stringent laws governing the Board’s hearing process, including a thirty-day notice requirement to crime victims and officials, and the legal requirements providing crime victims and other stakeholders the opportunity for meaningful in person participation.”

The ACLU of Alabama’s Campaign for Smart Justice’s report shows that almost 4,000 people were eligible for parole hearings before April 1, 2020, but since November, the bureau has scheduled an average of 173 parole hearings per month, which is “less than half the average number of monthly hearings in FY 2019, and only a third of the average number of hearings held in FY 2018.” 

In September 2019, Gov. Kay Ivey appointed former Attorney General Charlie Graddick as executive director of ABPP, and former Jefferson County prosecutor and Assistant Attorney General Leigh Gwathney as chair of the parole board. 

The report notes that Graddick suspended all hearings in September and October, and when hearings resumed in November, the number of persons receiving a hearing declined sharply. 

“Additionally, the current board has denied release in 85 percent of cases considered. Only 133 people were granted parole out of the 866 cases considered in the last five months, a grant rate of just 15 percent,” the report states. 


During fiscal year 2019, the board’s parole grant rate was 31 percent, and in FY 2018, was 54 percent, according to the report. 

“Unless there is a dramatic increase in the number of parole hearings and parole grants, Alabama’s prison population will continue to skyrocket,” ACLU’s report states. 

Aabama’s prisons were at 170 percent capacity in January, according to an Alabama Department of Corrections (ADOC) report

As of Tuesday, the last day ADOC had updated testing figures, 30 inmates had been tested, but no inmate was positive for COVID-19. There were seven pending test results for inmates, however. 

Two ADOC employees have tested positive for the virus. An employee at Staton Correctional Facility in Elmore County and at the St. Clair Correctional Facility both tested positive for COVID-19. 

Rep. Chris England, D-Tuscaloosa, in numerous tweets this week has called on the bureau to restart parole hearings by using an order by Ivey that allows board meetings to safely take place during the COVID-19 crisis.  

Ivey’s March 18 order allows state government bodies to “establish a quorum, deliberate, and take action- by means of telephone conference, video conference or other similar communications equipment” in light of the COVID-19 pandemic. 

England on Thursday cited an article that quotes Ivey’s press secretary, Gina Maiola, as saying Ivey recognized the importance of keeping Alabama’s criminal justice system functioning and included the option of holding virtual meetings in her order. 

@ALBPP seems that @GovernorKayIvey expected the Board to use the March 18th order to figure out a way to hold hearings and not cancel them. It has become clear that the Bureau’s mission is basically not to parole anyone, crisis or not.” England said in a Thursday mornring tweet. 

England in one tweet also noted that the Georgia Board of Pardons and Paroles is considering releasing some inmates serving for non-violent crimes to community corrections programs to serve the remainder of their sentences outside of prison, as reported by WTVM

England told APR by phone Thursday that it doesn’t make sense that when all aspects of the state government are scrambling to address the crisis, a major component isn’t acting to help. 

“It would seem that the default position of the bureau has become, in times of challenge or controversy, just to stop holding hearings,” England said. 

England also said the bureau should be reviewing and releasing inmates who have serious medical problems, who are much more likely to suffer serious complications or death from COVID-19.  

“If COVID-19 ever invaded our prison system we would basically be giving them a death sentence,” England said.

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Deadline extended for Alabama prison bids due to coronavirus

Eddie Burkhalter



Gov. Kay Ivey on Tuesday announced that because of the COVID-19, she’s giving a two-week deadline extension for submission of proposals to build then lease three new prisons to the state.

Those proposals had been due by April 30 but the two developer teams – Alabama Prison Transformation Partners and CoreCivic – will have until May 14 to file their proposals, according to a press release from Ivey’s office Tuesday.

The decision to extend the proposal submission deadline came after discussions with two groups about the impacts each are experiencing because of COVID-19 social distancing guidelines, according to Ivey’s office.

“I am steadfastly committed to the strategic effort to build three new men’s correctional facilities – this ‘Alabama solution’ is a direct result of our dedication to implement actionable solutions that address long-standing challenges facing our prison system,” Ivey said in a statement. “Given the unforeseen circumstances associated with COVID-19, it is in the best interest of the state of Alabama to grant this extension so that the developer teams have adequate time to perform required due diligence and to prepare thorough and thoughtful proposals.”

Ivey’s plan to build three new prisons is part of her solution for fixing the state’s overcrowded, deadly prisons, which remain under threat of a federal lawsuit if state officials don’t address what the U.S. Department of Justice has said are violations of inmates’ Constitutional rights to protection from violence and sexual assault.

Alabama Department of Corrections Commissioner Jeff Dunn said in a statement that the spread of COVID-19 “has only further demonstrated the critical need for new correctional facilities in Alabama.”

“As we have stated before, overcrowded conditions within the Department’s dilapidated facilities create increasingly challenging circumstances to ensure inmate and staff health and safety,” Dunn said. “The developer teams expressed the need for an extension – due to work and travel restrictions implemented in the wake of this national health crisis – and we fully supported the extension.  Improved prison infrastructure, increased staffing, and stronger rehabilitation programs will allow for transformational results.”

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Public defender working to free some inmates in Birmingham jail amid COVID-19 crisis

Eddie Burkhalter



At least five people in the Jefferson County Jail had their paroles revoked after serving time in state prisons for non-violent crimes, and as the threat of COVID-19 inside jails and prisons increases, some are working to get them out before it’s too late.

The Alabama Bureau of Pardons and Paroles told APR on Tuesday, however, that the bureau doesn’t have the authority to release those inmates.

Adam Danneman, lead attorney at the Jefferson County Public Defender’s Office, is concerned with the bureau’s assertion.

“They’re only in because of the violations filed by the Parole Board,” Danneman said of those state inmates in the Birmingham jail. “And they’ve already revoked these people.”

ADOC on March 20 announced a 30-day moratorium on taking prison transfers from county jails in an attempt to stave off a COVID-19 outbreak in state facilities.

Danneman told APR on Tuesday that his office is working to get released those who have already served time for non-violent offenses, were out on parole and who were picked back up on mostly technical violations.

“We’re lucky in Jefferson County that our judges and our DA and our sheriff’s department have all collaborated and used some common sense, proactive measures in this crisis to keep as many of our at-risk, non-violent citizens out of harm’s way as much as possible,” Danneman said.

Now he’s hoping the state’s Pardons and Paroles Board does the same, by releasing those who can safely be released before the deadly virus spreads behind the fences.


It’s a matter of when, not if, Danneman said of the likelihood of COVID-19 cases in the Jefferson County Jail.

“I hope I’m wrong. I hope it never comes into the jail, but if it does it’s going to be bad,” Danneman said.

There’s been no positive COVID-19 case among state inmates as of Monday, according to the Alabama Department of Corrections (ADOC), but an administrative employee at one prison has tested positive for the virus.

As of Monday, 30 state inmates had been tested for the virus, but there were still seven test results pending, according to ADOC.

Criminal justice reform advocates and legal experts have been sounding the alarm for weeks over the threat of an outbreak of the virus in jails and prisons.

Older inmates and those with medical conditions are at much greater risk from serious complications and death from the novel coronavirus, health experts warn.

“The Alabama Bureau of Pardons and Paroles does not have the authority to release these offenders,” wrote Alabama Bureau of Pardons and Paroles spokesman Terry Abbott, in a response to APR on Tuesday.

Abbott said that the Parole Board has revoked parole on six of seven inmates APR inquired about, who are awaiting transport back to the Alabama Department of Corrections to serve their sentences. The seventh inmate’s case is to come before the parole board this week, Abbott said.

It was unclear Tuesday how many state inmates were serving in county jails after having their paroles revoked for technical violations. Abbott said that number would change daily and would also involve people who have already had parole revoked and are awaiting transfer to a state prison.

Nancy Aichele, 53, is among those state prisoners serving in the Birmingham jail, where she’s been since January 24. Aichele had already served more than 18 years of a life sentence for an escape charge when she was picked up on a parole violation.

Aichele was charged with escape for walking out of an ADOC facility, without injuring anyone, after being convicted and sentenced to 3 years in 1990 for forging an $80 check, according to court records. The escape charge resulted in a life sentence with the possibility of parole.

After she was released on parole, Aichele was charged with obstruction, which triggered her parole violation and returned her to serve the remainder of her life sentence.

The obstruction charge was later dropped, according to court records, but the Bureau of Pardons and Paroles Board revoked her parole regardless.

Willie Toyer, 55, is also in the Jefferson County Jail and was sentenced to life on a 1996 marijuana trafficking charge.

Toyer was paroled after serving 22 years and six months, but his parole was revoked for two subsequent drug charges in March; a possession charge and a misdemeanor charge of possessing prescription pills.

Toyer’s case is to go before the Pardons and Paroles Board this week, according to the Bureau of Pardons and Paroles.

Leo Cain, 64,  was sentenced to life in 1994 on a first-degree robbery charge from 1992. He served almost 22 years before being paroled, which was revoked after he was charged with misdemeanor obstruction for giving false information to law enforcement.

Danneman said a parole officer had told Cain that his parole wouldn’t be revoked if he pleaded to the misdemeanor obstruction charge, but after he agreed to do so he was arrested and returned to serve the rest of his time regardless.

Danneman said he’s concerned about Cain because of his age, which puts him at greater risk of death from COVID-19.

“He’s not somebody who needs to be incarcerated right now, if at all,” Danneman said.

Shannon Blackman, 54, received a life sentence for a 1996 burglary and had served 23 years before being paroled. She’s had no new criminal charges, but her parole was revoked on a technical violation for not reporting to a parole officer.

Had she been charged with burglary today under the state’s new sentencing guidelines she would likely serve no more than 18 months, Danneman said.

“She’s done 23 years on it, hasn’t committed a new offense and is still getting revoked,” Danneman said.

On Sunday a man serving in jail in New York died from COVID-19, becoming the first jail inmate in that state to die from the virus.

Michael Tyson, 53, was serving for a technical parole violation when he died from COVID-19. He had failed to report to his parole officer, according to The City.

There were more than 500 COVID-19 cases in New York city jails as of Sunday, according to the news agency. 

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